10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

During the Second World War, the Nazis conducted experiments with weapons. Much of what they invented was widely used in military operations, but there were also such inventions that ceased to exist at the experimental site because of their impracticality or lack of development. However, this does not detract from the greatness.

10. Heinkel He 162

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Designed and launched into production in three months in 1944 Not 162 became the winner of the aircraft design competition, which the Nazis staged to invent a defensive plane using minimal strategic resources. 162 was created with the expectation that it could be managed by a novice or an insufficiently experienced pilot, since many German aces died in battles and there was no time to train new pilots. But in the end it turned out that it was an order of magnitude more difficult to control these aircraft than usual, which made this invention useless for young pilots. The wings of the aircraft were made of wood, the metal was only the body.Even though the wing fell off on a test flight, the aircraft was sent for production. About 116 aircraft were completed, and very few of them reached the base successfully.

9. Panzer VIII Maus Tank

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Mouse was a heavyweight tank, and to this day is the most armed combat vehicle in the world. Designed by Ferdinand Porsche Panzer VIII, the Maus was twice as long as the longest German tank, and three times heavier. Due to the fact that many bridges simply could not bear such a weight, the tank was designed in such a way that it could move under water even to a depth of 13 meters. Nevertheless, the Germans did not put the tank into mass production because of its impracticality, and rather it was considered a psychological rather than a practical weapon. Unfinished tanks were subsequently captured by British and Soviet troops.

8. Junkers Ju 322 Mammut

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In search of a suitable replacement for cargo aircraft, the Nazis preferred wood, and made a contract with the company Junkers to create the necessary model. The layout of the Junkers Ju 322 Mammut resembled one giant wing, and its wingspan was over 60 meters. The first test flights took place in April 1941, but the plane was too unstable, and soon it was sent back to the airfield.Plus, the aircraft’s carrying capacity was much lower than planned. On the test, when the Panzer III tank served as a cargo for the plane, it fell through the bottom during the flight. A month later, the program was canceled, and all prototypes were allowed for firewood.

7. Missile submarine

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Having firmly decided to attack America, the Nazis invented various schemes, none of which was ever realized. One of the strangest projects was the creation of a rocket submarine: a submarine with rocket launchers suspended on it. The U-511 submarine was the first to launch missiles, but it was extremely difficult to control them, especially under water. The plan was postponed until 1943, when they invented a rocket of type V. Unfortunately, the rocket was too big for the submarine, then it was decided to modify the missiles, but the project was not completed until the end of the war.

6. Fieseler Fi 103R

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SS officer Otto Skorzeny, having learned that many V-1 class rockets exploded immediately after launch, offered to solve this problem with a manned version. The missile codenamed Reichenberg was supposed to catapult the pilot at the last minute before the explosion, but tests showed that this was hampered by wind resistance (several pilots died during the tests).However, about 100 people expressed their desire to participate in the program. In unofficial circles these people were called "self-sacrificing." Although as a result, 70 such missiles were built, they were never used in hostilities, largely because the Nazis considered this type of weapon "a violation of the German tradition of warfare."

5. Anti-aircraft grenade launcher (Fliegerfaust)

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Already at the conclusion of the war, the Fligerfaust (translated from the German “pilot’s fist”) was invented. Also known as the “air fist”, this grenade launcher was a portable rocket launcher base, light enough to hold in your hands. Due to the short range of destruction, only 460 meters, this weapon only acted on low-flying aircraft. It was stated in the production of more than 10,000 copies, but, apparently, produced them much less, because after the war only 80 were found.

4. Zeppelin Rammer Missile Fighter

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The proposal for the design of such a device was received in November 1944, it was planned that it would be towed by another aircraft. When a tug plane drops a fighter, it flies toward the enemy's aircraft, simultaneously firing missiles at them.Next, the pilot directs the fighter directly at the enemy, using the wings of enhanced power to shoot down the enemy's aircraft. After using all the fuel, the aircraft is sent to the nearest suitable landing area for refueling. However, these fighters were never built because the plant was destroyed during the bombardment.

3. Typhoon

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Typhoon is a rocket created by Klaus Heinrich Schefelen in 1944. These are unguided rockets that were supposed to launch groups of soldiers into planes flying past. Their production was quite budget, and use is simple. In the typhoons there was a special fuse, which forced them to explode, as well as a timer for the case if the rocket did not hit the target. More than two million such missiles were ordered, but only 600 were produced, but even they were never used in action.

2. Barrel weapons

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This type of weapon was developed for infantry and for tank forces; it was a gun that allowed firing in different directions. The barrel of the gun was bent at an angle of 30, 45 and 90 degrees. In 1944, 10,000 pieces were ordered. (The variant for tank troops was completed only by 1945, therefore only a few copies were released).For infantry, the advantage of this gun was that it allowed shooting from around the corner with a special mirror. As for the tankers, the use of this gun was reduced to shooting in different directions to bring confusion into the ranks of the enemy.

1. Solar Cannon

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The idea of ​​a "solar cannon" was originally put forward by the scientist Herman Oberth in 1923. According to the idea, a huge mirror, more than 1.5 kilometers in diameter, should be placed in the geosynchronous orbit of the Earth. In fascist Germany they took this plan seriously, with the help of it they planned to dry the seas and burn the cities to the ground. About this project there are no official documents, it is only known that the creation of the project was designed for 15 years, and the cost of more than 3 million marks. But in reality, it is unlikely that this weapon could work. Oberth stated that he had thought of this before when small children at the school where he had taught got him with the help of small mirrors and light.

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  • 10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis

    10 types of experimental weapons of the Nazis