20 weird mental disorders and syndromes
People who suffer from mental illness can only sympathize. Nevertheless, there are such syndromes and disorders that, when you hear about them for the first time, except for smiles and laughter, you will not cause anything more. We do not want to offend or offend anyone, but there really are such mental illnesses that cannot be believed in reality, and they show how complex the human mind is. In this article we will try to explore twenty little-known mental disorders and syndromes, which you hardly ever heard of. Some of them will really make you smile.
1. Boantropia. A person suffering from this psychological disorder believes that he is a bull or a cow, and begins to behave accordingly. Boantropy is somewhat similar to another mental disorder - lycanthropy. A person suffering from lycanthropy, considers himself a wolf.Werewolf wolves, about which there are many stories and legends, perhaps it was just people who suffered from lycanthropy.
2. Syndrome Stendal- This is a psychosomatic illness. It usually develops in mentally healthy people who are under the excessive influence of beauty. Among the main symptoms of the syndrome Stendhal is to highlight the rapid heartbeat, dizziness, confusion and hallucinations. This disease occurs mainly in tourists who are influenced by natural beauty, as well as works of art.
3. Jerusalem syndrome. This disorder is manifested in the fact that a mentally healthy person, regardless of race, religious beliefs, or the like, may begin to behave inadequately after entering Jerusalem. Specialists, like the Jerusalem syndrome, also distinguish the Paris syndrome. The strangest thing is that the Paris syndrome most often affects Japanese tourists.
4. Stockholm syndromeusually occurs in those who have been abducted. Over time, abducted people begin to show sympathy for the kidnapper and actively assist him in business.The most famous example of the Stockholm syndrome is the Disney cartoon Beauty and the Beast. There is also such a thing as the "Lim syndrome", which is the exact opposite of the Stockholm syndrome. In the case of the Lima syndrome, the abductor becomes attached to the victim and begins to sympathize with her.
5. Dr. Strangelove syndromeand is also known as “alien hand syndrome”. People suffering from this disorder are not able to control the movements of one of their hands. She can unbutton buttons on clothes, manipulate tools and perform other actions regardless of the person’s will.
6. Diogenes syndromeoccurs mainly in older people. This is a behavioral disorder in which a person ceases to look after himself, drags trash into his house or gets too many pets, while he considers this to be normal. Diogenes syndrome is also called the "syndrome of senile misery."
7. Kleptomania. This disorder is known to many people. A person who suffers from kleptomania steals everything that is bad, from pins to electron microscopes.The most interesting thing is this: many people do not even suspect that they suffer from kleptomania. They do not realize that they are stealing.
8. Comar syndrome. In the people he is better known as the "syndrome of the living dead." A person suffering from Kotar's syndrome believes he is dead or does not exist. This disorder was discovered 100 years ago, but it was recognized only as a mental illness in 2007.
9. Synesthesia- This is a neurological phenomenon in which the stimulation of one sense organ causes the stimulation of another. Thus, a person suffering from synesthesia may sense the taste of abstract things or the smell of music.
10. Capgra's Syndromeassociated with schizophrenia. A person suffering from Capgra's syndrome believes that one of his family members (husband, wife, parents, etc.) has been replaced with a double, while he fully recognizes the rest of the people.
11. Fregoli syndromeis the opposite of Capgras syndrome. A patient suffering from Fregoli syndrome is convinced that the people around them are in fact one and the same person. For the first time the world learned about Fregoli syndrome in 1927. It was named after Italian actor Leopold Fregoli.
12. Bigorexia. Most people have probably heard of an anorexia disorder, a condition in which a person believes that he is fat and refuses to eat or eats a piece of apple or a slice of orange a day. Bigorexia is directly opposite to anorexia. A person suffering from this disorder believes that he is not muscular enough, so he constantly disappears in the gym, bringing his physical form to extremes.
13. Reduplicative paramnesia. A person suffering from this disorder, believes that a particular place is somewhere else, in other words, it is duplicated or completely transferred to another location. Mostly reduplicative paramnesia occurs in people who have a brain injury.
14. Selebrifilia- This is a mental disorder characterized by the fact that the patient is very eager to have a romantic or sexual relationship with a celebrity.
15. Bibliomania. You have probably heard such a word as “bibliophile”, which is used in relation to a person who loves reading books. In turn, people suffering from bibliomania collect books, and in their collection there can be one and the same book, but from different publishers, in hard / soft binding, and so on.Usually, bibliophiles, because of their manic love for books, spoil relations with family and have problems with society.
16. Munchhausen syndrome. All people like when they pay attention. To attract it, we sometimes go for some tricks, which, in fact, is normal. However, those who suffer from Munchhausen syndrome have brought the art of drawing attention to a new level. They can go to extreme measures (poisoning drugs or try to kill themselves) to attract attention, especially from medical professionals.
17. Munchhausen syndrome"From the third person." A patient suffering from this disorder artificially causes or creates a false impression of the presence of diseases in his or her relatives only in order to then seek medical help. This happens mainly between the mother and her children, whom she can intentionally harm, to make everyone believe that they are sick.
18. Corot's Syndromeonly men are affected. It seems to them that the size of their penis is constantly decreasing. They believe that on the day when their penis disappears completely, they will die.Corot syndrome usually affects people in Asian countries. This is due to the characteristics of the culture or because young people do not have sufficient knowledge of their physiology. Recently, Corot syndrome is increasingly common among residents of Western countries; here it is called the “genital indentation syndrome” and is directly related to mental disorders such as anxiety neurosis, schizophrenia, dysmorphophobia, and so on.
19. Apothemophilia. People suffering from this mental disorder have an overwhelming desire to get rid of by amputation from healthy limbs or other parts of the body. In extreme cases, they manage to independently cut off an arm or a leg. Another name for apothephilia is the syndrome of perception of the integrity of the body. Acrotomophilia is a mental illness associated with apothemophilia. Those who suffer from acrostomyophilia experience sexual attraction to people who have no limbs or other parts of the body.
20. gibristophilia. People suffering from this disorder have a sexual desire for convicts who have committed such serious crimes as rape, murder and the like. In some cases, they may persuade their partners to commit a crime.Most famous criminals have fans; most of them are most likely gristofofilami (these are mostly women who have a pathological dependence on relationships with a partner with a criminal reputation). There are two types of gibristophilia: 1) passive - women who fall into this category do not participate in the crime, but in all support their lovers; 2) active - women suffering from this type of hybrisophilia actively help their partners and, as a rule, they develop the entire crime plan.