7 NEW WONDERS OF THE LIGHT
We live in a world filled with many amazing things. And many of them are created by people who have a keen desire to replay Mother Nature itself. However, we are not talking about attractions. It will be about ...
1. Super-Kamiokande: obviously, this structure was built by aliens.
Welcome to Super-Kamiokande, a giant underground water tank that was built in Japan to detect neutrinos. These are subatomic particles, which, according to physicists, are constantly sweeping through the universe. Since they do not interact with other matter, they simply pass through it: neutrinos emitted by the Sun pass through the Earth right now while you read it.
THE PROBLEM OF NEUTRINO DETECTION IS CONVINCED TO THE VOLUME THAT THESE PARTICLES DO NOT INTERACT WITH OTHER SUBSTANCES. There is only one exception to this rule: water. When a neutrino passes through a water molecule, a tiny flash of light appears. This light is so weak that a reservoir capable of holding 50,000 tons of purified water and lined with countless photomultiplier tubes is needed to detect it.
And THIS IS NOT THE ONLY PROBLEM.Since the researchers are trying to fix the vanishingly weak effect, they do not need interference in the form of cosmic radiation and the like. To eliminate interference, the tank was placed half a kilometer below the surface of the earth.
THOUGH THESE MEASURES ARE NOT PROTECTING HIM FROM YOURSELF: in 2001, due to the enormous pressure of water, one of the photomultipliers exploded, triggering a chain reaction that had cost a pretty penny to scientists.
SUPER-CAMIOCANDE IS REPAIRED AT THE SOON OF TIME, and although this construction confirmed the existence of neutrinos as far back as 1998, it is still used to study the history and evolution of the Universe.
2. Dubai Mall: The stereotypical dad's worst nightmare from the 80s
A stone’s throw from the tallest tower in the world, Burj Khalifa, is the world's largest shopping center - Dubai Mall. It has everything that should be in a mall. The shops? Well, yes, without 1200 stores, this would not be a shopping center, right?
DINER? AMAZING. Food in this center is enough to feed a small country. There is also a five-star hotel, which, in turn, is a spa and five restaurants.
AND THERE IS THERE AN AQUARIUM, so large that its acrylic viewing panel is in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest viewing panel in the world.And another show of fountains, which can be seen from a distance of 20 kilometers. And also an amusement park and a full-size Olympic ice hockey rink. The center even has its own "resident dinosaur" - the skeleton of diplodocus, which is 155 million years old.
GENERAL SQUARE OF DUBAI MALL - more than a million square meters, is the area of two Vaticans. And finally, a crazy “cherry”: the owners have plans to expand the center, because it turns out that it is still not big enough!
3. “Room farm” Shigerharu Shimamura: ordinary farms have nothing to do next
Imagine you are standing in the middle of Japan 2011 and are looking at the devastating effects of the tsunami. What would you do? Surely they would be scared. But Shigeharu Shimamura seems to have immunity to such fears. Instead of lamenting about the destruction, he found what looked like a semiconductor manufacturing plant after the tsunami and said to himself: “Yes, I can use it to solve the problem of world hunger.”
SO HIS COMPANY MIRAI INDUSTRY CO., LTD turned the largest plant into the world's largest indoor farm, and if you believe the numbers, they are doing very well: the “room farm” is 100 times more productive than normal, it requires 40% less electricity, and 99% less water.The farm has pink LED lights that fool the plants, disrupting their day and night cycles, which leads to a significant increase in the rate of photosynthesis. 17,500 of these high-tech lanterns illuminate an area of 2,300 square meters. Similar farms were built by Mirai Industry Co., Ltd. in Mongolia, the construction of farms is also planned in Russia and in Hong Kong.
4. Basilica Cistern: a huge underground lair like a video game
If this underground reservoir reminds you of one of the video game levels, then it is: you can see it in Assassin’s Creed: Revelations, in the films “From Russia with Love”, “International”, as well as in Dan Brown’s Inferno. It is not hard to guess why.
CONSTRUCTION WAS CONSTRUCTED IN 532 OUR ERA for storing the water of the Grand Palace in Istanbul (which was still Constantinople at that time). And then they forgot about him - you know, this sometimes happens with huge underground palaces that can store millions of tons of water. In 1545, Frenchman Peter Gillius reopened this structure, after seeing the locals taking water, dropping buckets directly into the holes in the floor of their basements. Sometimes in these buckets were carps.
FISH THERE IS AND NOW; it floats freely among hundreds of giant stone columns.And speaking of the columns, it is worth noting that two of them are decorated with intricate Roman carvings in the form of the head of the Gorgon Medusa. One head "lies" on its side, the second - turned upside down, perhaps in order not to allow the glance of a jellyfish to turn hapless visitors into a stone.
5. Shah-Cherah: the most incredible mosque in the world
From within Shah-Cherah (or “King of the World”), which is in Iran, is not at all like a mosque. This structure is more like a fortress of solitude. The inner walls are lined with a mosaic of mirrors and colored glass, which forms a complex silver-green ornament, giving visitors the feeling that they have fallen into the Emerald City.
MOSQUE IS AN EXAMPLE OF TRADITIONAL PERSIAN MOSAIC ART, and became a truly important pilgrimage site for Shah-Cherakh in the 14th century, when a queen named Tashi-Khatun decided to renew this place and make it truly worthy of its dazzling name.
6. Y-40 and Nemo-33: rethinking the film "Depth"
Hotel Terme Millepini has the deepest indoor swimming pool in the world. Its depth reaches 40 meters, which corresponds to the height of a 12-story building. The basin contains more than 4,000 cubic meters of thermal water, the temperature of which is maintained at 32 ° C,so that divers can play plenty in Aquaman, especially since they will not need diving suits for this. Sometimes the pool is called simply Y-40, and sometimes “Deep Joy”.
IN THE POOL, THERE ARE UNDERWATER CAVES AND OUTSIDE PANELS for those who cannot swim, but it is used for diving in leisure time, for learning diving and for underwater filming.
AND ON THE SECOND PLACE - THE BELGIAN NEMO-33. From the name it is clear that the depth of the pool is 33 meters, and it contains 2.5 million liters of purest filtered water. In this pool, too, there are several underwater caves, and there are also special bells for diving, which allow teachers to talk to students without rising to the surface. The pool is used for filming, for training the military, for training astronauts, and can serve as an underwater research laboratory.
7. Resort "Tropical Islands": all the pleasures of the tropics without annoying sunlight
In the early 2000s, a German entrepreneur, Karl von Gablez, who apparently was a big fan of steampunk, was determined to start producing airships.
HIS COMPANY ACQUIRED A HUGE HANGAR, located south of Berlin. However, in 2002, due to financial problems, the company was forced to sell it. Then it turned out that this building was actually acquired in order to recreate the tropics in it. Right indoors, in the middle of Europe.
NOW “TROPICAL ISLANDS” IS “THE BIGGEST TROPICAL FESTIVAL WORLD IN EUROPE”. So how much material can correspond to a structure created to provide shelter to a huge flying whale? Well, in such a hangar you can put the Statue of Liberty, the Eiffel Tower or Potsdamer Platz, but instead the hangar has internal beaches, lagoons, rain forests, mini-golf courses and a huge screen that simulates the sun rises and sunsets. The resort even has its own leitmotif, however, it is not David Hasselhoff who performs it.
ON THE PURCHASE BULVARY (yes, there is a boulevard of purchases) there is a hairdresser, tanning salons (the fact that you are indoors, does not mean that you lose the opportunity to earn your melanoma), the tattoo parlor and the largest spa in Europe. And in the “tropical sea” the size of three Olympic pools, the German swimming championship recently took place.Many did not even suspect the existence of this discipline before, but now they are desperately trying to see it. There you can even fly in a balloon. And all this - indoors.