Analysis of the novel "Fathers and Sons"
In 1862 was published the fourth in a rowthe novel of the great writer Turgenev. The title of the novel is "Fathers and Sons." It fully reflected the social and political views of Turgenev and his direct relation to all events taking place in Russia. The analysis of the novel "Fathers and Sons" will help to fully experience all the thoughts and feelings of the author.
The theme of two generations
The novel "Fathers and Sons" reflects the theme of twogenerations. It was inspired by the author of the fierce ideological struggle between democrats and liberals. This struggle unfolded during the preparation of the peasant reform. Turgenev gave her the most detailed description. The analysis of the novel "Fathers and Sons" is interesting because in considering certain episodes, it is possible to feel more sharply the dispute of two generations reflected in the novel. It examines such events of socio-political activity as disputes on issues of history and philosophy, as well as polemic on the topic of science and art.
An analysis of the work "Fathers and Sons" can begin withits name. The very name of the novel is very often understood extremely simplistic: the conflict raznochintsy and aristocrats, the change of the social ideology of generations. However, Turgenev's novel "Fathers and Sons" is not limited to just one social sphere. It has a psychological sound. To reduce the meaning of the novel exclusively to ideology - to understand it "in the style of Bazarov." Since Bazarov himself believes that the whole essence of the new time is the need to destroy everything that has been done "by the fathers" from the face of the earth, and also to discredit them with their morality and principles in the name of a very vague "bright future". The analysis of the work "Fathers and Sons" gives a clear understanding of one of the most important problems in the development of all mankind, revealed in the work. This is the problem of paternity. Every person with the passage of time realizes his spiritual connection with the past, with his roots. Generational change is always a difficult and painful process. "Children" take over from the "fathers" the spiritual experience of mankind. Of course, they should not copy their "fathers". They need to creatively rethink their life credo. During social upheavals, the reassessment of values by the new generation is much more cruel and harsh than necessary. The results are always extremely tragic: too much is lost in a hurry, and then it is too difficult to fill these problems.
Analysis of the heroes of the novel
Of particular interest is the analysis of heroes. "Fathers and children" is a work in which we meet such bright characters as Bazarov and Pavel Kirsanov. Both believe that they know the answer to the question of how to implement the transformation in the country. Each of them is sure that his idea will bring prosperity to Russia. Party membership Bazarov and Kirsanov can be traced not only in manners, but also in clothes. The reader can recognize the democrat-raznochintsy for peasant simplicity of speech, for "naked red hand" and deliberate negligence of the costume. The peculiarities of the positions of an aristocrat and a democrat are emphasized by symbolic details. In Pavel Kirsanov, such a detail is the smell of cologne. His strong predilection for a good smell is the desire to move away from all the dirty, low, domestic, everything that occurs in life. Thus, the heroes-antagonists appear before the readers. Their worldview is determined by principled and irreconcilable contradictions.
Analysis of the duel in the novel "Fathers and Sons"
Let's do an analysis of the duel, "Fathers and Sons"contain an episode in which Bazarov and his friend drive through Marino, Nikolskoe and the parental home. In this trip, the "new" Bazarov already refuses to tense ideological disputes with Kirsanov. Only occasionally he throws enough flat witticisms, which already little resemble the former fireworks of thoughts. Bazarov is opposed to the "cold politeness" of his uncle. They are opponents to each other, but they do not admit it even to themselves. Gradually, the hostility changes for mutual interest. During this trip, Bazarov decided for the first time to inquire and find out what the arguments of his opponent are based on. Nevertheless, the stop at the Kirsanovs' house turns into a duel for Bazarov. The match was demanded by Pavel Petrovich. He even took a stick with him in order to make any duel inevitable. The very fact of calling for a duel Kirsanov departed from his aristocratic principles. After all, a true aristocrat should not condescend to a commoner. In those days the duel was considered an anachronism. Turgenev draws a lot of ridiculous and comical details in the novel. The duel begins with an invitation to the seconds of Peter, who peretrusil half to death. The duel ends with a tragic-comical wound "in the thigh" of Pavel Kirsanov, who seemed to have deliberately put on "white trousers". The power of the spirit is inherent in both heroes. The author noted this before. But it was the duel that helped overcome the inner limitations. After the duel, Bazarov and Kirsanov seem to change. Thus, Pavel Petrovich is becoming attracted to an alien democracy.
Death of Bazarov
In the novel "Fathers and Sons" the analysis of the episode of deathBazarov is worth special attention. Although the outcome of the duel ended safely, Paul had long ago died spiritually. The last thread with life broke off his parting with Fenechka. His opponent also passed away. In the novel, the references to the epidemic seem extremely insistent. She spares no one, and there is no salvation from her. Despite this, the hero behaves as if for him cholera is not dangerous. Bazarov understood that he was created for the tart and bitter life of the revolutionary agitator. He accepted this title as his calling. But at the end of the novel, he thinks about what to do next, when earlier ideas were questioned, and science never answered the questions of interest. Bazarov tries to find the truth in conversations with an unknown man, but he does not find it.
Nowadays the work "Fathers and Sons" is being studiedin all schools and humanities universities in the country. The problem of the confrontation between generations is quite significant, young people insist on their moral values, which the "fathers" refuse to understand. In order to make all the points over the "I", read this brilliant work of Turgenev.