Apple tree "gloster": a description of the variety, photo
Apple tree, which pleases its fruits with a severein winter, is not it the dream of any gardener? Are there such varieties in reality and what are they called? Of course, such apple varieties are. They like their owners not only for their ability to give fruits even in winter, but also for excellent resistance to many diseases. One of these varieties is the apple gloster, a description of which you will learn from this article.
The plant was obtained in Germany bycrossing varieties "Richard delishes" and "Glokkenapfel". The apple tree of this variety is considered to be strongly grown late in the winter varieties. The owner of the high round crown, the apple gloster well tolerates frost to -20 degrees, and also has good resistance to powdery mildew. Fruit-bearing tree of this variety, grafted on a medium-grown rootstock, begins on the 4th year after planting, the yield for the 10th year is 75 kg from one tree. On dwarf stocks, the formation of full-bodied fruits occurs somewhat earlier - for the third year, while from one tree it is possible to harvest up to 5 kg of large apples.
The fruit of apple-tree "gloster" forms large, their weightcan reach 200 g. In shape, the fruits are round-conical, bright red with small yellow specks. The pulp of apples of this sort is dense, crunchy, moderately juicy, sweet and sour taste. Sow apples begin by the beginning of October, and consumer maturity is reached after the new year. Fruits are stored up to 4 months, transport is easily tolerated.
The peculiarity of the variety is that the treeforms one fruit per inflorescence, so there is no need to remove excess ovaries that overload the plant. Thanks to this apple tree "gloster", a photo of which you can see in this article, annually brings great yields.
Features of care
For the normal development of a tree in a youngage it is important to carry out yearly shaping pruning, leaving only those branches on the tree that do not interfere with the growth of others, and are located at an angle of 45-60 degrees relative to the trunk. In the following years, when the skeleton of the tree is already formed, it is recommended to carry out sanitary pruning, and also gradually replace old branches with new ones.
Apple-tree "gloster" needs watering only inperiods of prolonged drought. It should be noted that the variety responds well to fertilizing with organic fertilizer. In order to provide food, it is necessary to add 3 buckets of humus or rotted manure per tree to the trunks every year. To fill the need for trace elements, it is possible to carry out foliar top dressings with a solution of microfertilizers for apple trees.
The bark on the trunk of the apple-tree "gloster" is very sensitive to the sun's rays, therefore, to prevent burns, the stem is protected by whitewashing. It is especially important to do this before the onset of winter.
Tips for increasing yields
Since this variety is characterized by a strong andcontinued growth, fruiting may be postponed to a later date. To make the tree bear fruit earlier, gardeners resort to some tricks:
- Bending the branches down helps to stop their growth and provokes the plant to form on them the rings on which the main crop is located.
- The processing of wood by special means, which inhibit the growth of shoots, also acts on the tree positively, forcing it to enter into fruiting earlier.
- Helps to increase the yield of summer pruning, as well as fertilizing without nitrogen-containing substances.
- Gardeners note that apple-tree "gloster" better binds fruit in the presence of pollinators - other varieties of apples, for example, "iidared" and "Jonathan".
Are the fruits of apples "Gloster"
Apples of this variety contain a lot ofhuman body of substances. They include iron, ascorbic acid, vitamins and trace elements. All this allows us to say that it is useful to include apples "gloster" in the diet of people who have undergone heart attacks, who suffer from anemia and a decline in strength. In addition, such apples will be useful to those who want to lose weight, because their caloric content is very low, and the fiber in the fruit is able to cleanse the intestines from various toxins.