Artificial respiration is a procedureartificial ventilation, which replaces the patient's own breathing. It is used in case of accidents (drowning, poisoning with sleeping pills, narcotics and other means), craniocerebral trauma, stroke, and also when a foreign body enters the respiratory tract. Artificial respiration is widely used in resuscitation and anesthesiology, with intentional shutdown of the patient's respiratory and skeletal muscles. The procedure over a long period (from several days to several years) can be used for lesions of the roots and the spinal cord itself (with poliomyelitis, myelitis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis).
If you stop breathing on the beach, on the street,at home and in other public places, the most effective artificial respiration from the mouth into the nose or into the mouth. During the first minute, the person performing the procedure should breathe more often and deeper.
How to do artificial respiration?
The patient's lower jaw is taken with the left hand,the right hand should take the parietal part of the head or pinch the victim's nose. The head of the patient should be thrown back as much as possible. Thus, the best position is created, releasing the respiratory tract from the impinging language. The procedure is performed by taking a deep breath into yourself and exhaling into the nose or mouth of the affected person. Then the manipulations are repeated.
When performing artificial respiration,to control the correctness of ventilation. During the inflow into the chest of the affected air, it rises and during the exhalation it falls off. In the absence of cardiac arrest after the expiration of four to six blowouts, intense patient impairment is observed.
The strength of the exhalation in the lungs of the victim is comparable tothe force of inflating the rubber chamber for the ball. Carrying out the procedure, the main task is to keep the victim's head in position correctly and to create tightness. To avoid touching the nose or mouth of the patient, you can use a handkerchief or gauze pad.
For greater convenience, the nasopharyngealcannulae (or rubber tube). She is inserted into the nostril of the victim to a depth of about six or eight centimeters. The second nostril and mouth are clamped for injection.
You can also make artificial ventilationthrough the mask of the apparatus for anesthesia. It is quite tightly attached to the victim's face. If you attach a hose to it, then the procedure can be performed without bowing to the patient.
Intensity of artificial ventilationremains until the symptoms of cyanosis are eliminated and the patient's own breathing is sufficient. In the event of a cardiac arrest, the procedure is continued in conjunction with an external cardiac massage. If an obstacle to penetration of air is detected during the first injection, the mouth opens quickly, a finger audit of the pharynx and oral cavity is performed and the foreign body is removed.
How to do artificial respiration in other ways?
It should be noted that methods based onthe stretching or squeezing of the patient's chest by the hand is often characterized by the creation of an insufficient volume, and therefore requires considerable physical effort.
One of the ways is the following.
The patient lying on his back produces a sharpraising arms outstretched overhead. This causes inhalation due to the stretching of the chest. After this, the hands are sharply lowered to the chest, squeezing it. So there is an exhalation.
This method is one of the best manual ways of performing artificial ventilation. However, the method from mouth to mouth or nose is more effective at least twice.