As the policemen left the execution. 1973
Original taken fromoper_1974at
"From the materials of the case, it is seen that Alexander Dinkel comes from a family of middle peasants, having graduated from an accountancy course in 1929, worked as an accountant in the Aleksandrovsky district of the Donetsk region, from 1931 to 1933 he served as an ordinary military service in the army.
In 1936 he was convicted by the people's court to 2 years of imprisonment for hooliganism. From 1940 until the beginning of World War II, Dinkel worked as an accountant on the collective farm named. Karl Marx in the village of Novo-Bakhmetyevo, Alexandrovsky district.
In August 1941, he was mobilized into the labor army among other German colonists, from where he went home to Novo-Bakhmetyevo, the Dinkel family had already been evacuated into the interior by that time.
In September 1941, on arrival with the fascist scouts in the village of Novo-Bakhmetyevo, Aleksandrovsky district, Dinkel learned that citizens of Gypsy nationality settled in the houses of German colonists who had been evacuated inland.
In order to deal with the Roma, Dinkel, armed with a scythe, together with the Germans drove at least 36 Roma out of their homes and took part in escorting them from the village, where all of them were shot by the occupiers.
Continuing to stay in the village of Novo-Bakhmetyevo, Dinkel was in self-protection and supported the occupation regime in the village.
Having learned that the former chairman of the kolkhoz, the communist Karpenko, and the accountant of the collective farm Goncharov, participated in the evacuation of German colonists from the front line, including the Dinkel family, Dinkel in November 1941 arrested the said persons, as well as citizen Nikulin, during the interrogation severely beat the arrested and then shot Karpenko and Goncharov.
During various periods of this time, Dinkel was a translator of the agricultural commandant’s office, commandant’s office and gendarmerie, head of the special department of the Aleksandrovsky district police of the Donetsk region and head of this police force.
Dinkel, as the head of the special department and the head of the district police, led and supervised the punitive activities of the police officers under him, supervised the passport regime, received reports through recruited agents and carried out registration of communists, Komsomol members and Soviet activists.
Dinkel participated in the forced dispatch of Soviet citizens to hard labor in Germany, gave orders about arrests and executions of citizens, personally arrested, interrogated, tortured and shot Soviet patriots.
In November 1941, Dinkel, along with other policemen in the villages of Maryanka and Aleksandrovka, arrested the Communists Kruglyak, Popchenko and Shalu, suspected of patriotic activity.
During the interrogations of the arrested, Dinkel beat them with fists and pistol grip, and then with the help of the police officers, he escorted Aleksandrovka behind the village, where Kruglyak, Popchenko and Shalya were shot, while Dinkel personally shot Shalu.
In December 1941, in the village of Shestakovka, Dinkel broke into the house of communist Erin, during interrogations he beat him, the pregnant wife of Erin and the Soviet prisoner of war who lived with them. As a result of the beating, Erin partially lost his hearing. "
Being a translator of the agricultural office, Dinkel made searches in the autumn of 1941, during which he took things from two citizens for the needs of the invaders and their accomplices.
In May 1942 and in the spring of 1943, he systematically gave orders to subordinate police officers to conduct searches and personally participated in the seizure of property from four citizens.
In the winter of 1942, Dinkel in the village of Shestakovka stopped the teenager Lutsky on the street, took his hat and his boots off, and in the summer of 1942 he hit a 16-year-old Lutsk resident on the back with a whip.
On June 12, 1942, Dinkel detained in Shestakovka the citizens of Motorny, Shpolsky and an unknown man who were suspected of having links with partisans.
Having beaten the detainees with the pistol's handle, Dinkel decided to shoot them, and when Shpolsky and Motorny began to run away, he shot them with a carbine, but missed, and then killed an unknown citizen who had remained in the place of a carbine.
In August 1942, Dinkel, along with other punishers, arrested Soviet citizens Donchenko Peter, Donchenko Olga and Karpenko, suspected of patriotic activity, escorted them to the district police and interrogated about the hidden weapons.
Subsequently, all of them were sent to the camp, from where Donchenko Peter ran, and Karpenko and Donchenko Olga were released in March 1943.
At the same time, in the village of Iversky, Dinkel and the gendarmes arrested the communists Buturlimov, Sosulev and Dubinin, convoyed them to the district police, where they were detained for several days.
Being the head of the Aleksandrovsky district police and having information that the sons of citizen Koziyeva are fighting against the invaders, Dinkel, along with other punishers, broke into Koziyeva’s house on March 23, 1943, and when she refused to name the whereabouts of her sons, he killed Koziyeva with two gunshots in the head .
In March-April and June 1943, at the orders of Dinkel, the punishers arrested at least 18 citizens and several Soviet prisoners of war who lived in the Geidino Farm and in the village of Dmitro-Daryevka, who were detained in police custody.
Dinkel repeatedly took part in the interrogations of the arrested and their beatings, after which they were all executed by the punishers in the police yard. Personally, Dinkel shot 7 people, and ordered the corpses to be dumped into a well.
In the spring of 1943, having received a message that the residents of the village of Elizavetovka Kravchenko, Shcherbak and the teenager Anatoly were hiding their weapons, Dinkel summoned these citizens and during the interrogation he severely beat them. At the same time, Dinkel interrogated the police and beat 6 more Soviet citizens.
Also in the spring of 1943, Dinkel, being the chief of police,convoyed in the car the arrested Soviet citizens Ryzhegolov and Bezrodny, who were guarded in the back by Ponomarev together with another policeman.
When Bezrodny jumped out of the car on the way and began to run away, Dinkel wounded him with a burst from a machine gun, and Ponomarev, by order of Dinkel, with the help of one of the punishers, brought Bezrodny into the yard of one house and finished it with a shot from a carbine in the back.
In April 1943, on the orders of Dinkel, Ponomarev was arrested and taken to the police by citizen Griboyedov, who during the interrogations Dinkel brutally beat him with a rubber cable ...
In the spring of 1943, Dinkel broke into the house of citizen Sheiko and beat her until she lost consciousness because she refused to tell the whereabouts of her sons who fought against the occupiers, searched the house and took things and money.
On the same day, Dinkel again came to Sheiko and arrested her. As a result of the injuries sustained, Sheiko partially lost her hearing.
In May 1943, Dinkel arrested the Soviet partisan Donchenko, repeatedly interrogated and beat, and also beat his brother.
Then Dinkel was arrested by Gutnik Vasilisa and Kovernikova for contacting the partisans,made searches and seized property from Gutnik and partisan Kerkach, previously arrested by the punishers; during interrogations he beat Kovernikov with a whip.
At the end of May 1943, Donchenko and the Soviet patriot Sukov, previously arrested by the punishers, were publicly executed on the square in the village of Aleksandrovka.
Before that, Dinkel handed over to the police a gendarmerie order to drive the residents of the village to the square and remove arrested Soviet citizens from the police cells, whom he announced the execution and translated into Russian the sentence pronounced by the gendarmerie chief ...
In June 1943, Dinkel, along with other police officers, broke into the house of citizen Makogon at night and, during an interrogation about the links with partisans, struck her two blows with a piercing object on her arm and struck two blows with her foot in the boot of her one-year-old daughter. From the resulting injuries the girl soon died.
In the summer of 1943, Dinkel also broke into the apartment of citizen Fochina at night, severely beat her, demanding to inform her husband of the place of stay - the former collective farm chairman, and then arrested and taken to the police, where he also repeatedly interrogated and beat Fochin.
Then Dinkel arrested citizen Gorbatenko, whom he suspected in connection with the partisans. Subsequently, Gorbatenko was sent from the police to the commandant's office of the city of Barvenkovo, and his subsequent fate remained unknown. "
Against this background, the crimes of the subordinate Dinkel of policeman Ponomarev looked simply faded:
"Ponomarev comes from a family of middle peasants. Before World War II, he worked in the city of Kramatorsk at a metallurgical plant, then as a fire protection fighter, as a loader. From 1936 he was in de facto marriage with citizen Kostenko E. Z., born in 1908, The marriage had two sons, born in 1939 and 1944.
In May 1941, Ponomarev was called up for private training at the training camp, where the war caught him. On July 22, 1941, he was surrounded and captured by the Germans in the Kiev region.
After being captured, Ponomarev was kept in prisoner of war camps, twice he escaped from there, then arrived with his family in the Aleksandrovsky district of the Donetsk region, where in November 1942 he agreed to cooperate with the occupiers.
At the beginning of the summer of 1943, Ponomarev repeatedly guarded Soviet citizens detained in police custody.By order of Dinkel, he, along with other policemen, escorted the arrested Kerkach, Rymarey Pavel and Nikolai, Kutz into the sand pit, where they were all shot. Personally, Ponomarev killed one of the doomed with two shots from a carbine in the back.
In the summer of 1943, on the orders of the head of the special department of the Aleksandrovsky district police Dinkel, at least 30 Soviet prisoners of war were arrested by policemen and escorted to the city of Kramatorsk, and Ponomarev took part in the escort ...
In the summer of 1943, Ponomarev detained two men, whose identities were not established, and escorted them to the Alexander District Police.
That summer, Dinkel and Ponomarev, along with other policemen and Germans, took part in a raid on Soviet paratroopers in the area of the Zelyony farm and at the same time personally shot at paratroopers.
Dinkel, in addition, led the actions of the police. As a result of this operation, for the active participation in which the invaders awarded Ponomarev with a medal, six Soviet paratroopers were killed.
In August 1943, on the orders of Dinkel, Ponomarev was arrested by a citizen of Lutsk, who was taken to the district police.After being questioned by Dinkel, the latter ordered Ponomarev to shoot the arrested.
Ponomarev, with the help of another policeman, escorted Lutskaya to a wasteland and was the first of the punishers to shoot at her with a carbine, and then buried the dead body and reported to Dinkel about the shooting.
When the Soviet troops attacked in September 1943, Dinkel and Ponomarev fled with their German occupiers to their rear. In June 1944, Dinkel took on the citizenship of fascist Germany and from December 1944 to April 1945, being mobilized into the German labor army, he worked on the construction of anti-tank barriers.
Ponomarev, while on the territory of France, served in a German military unit, guarded military objects of the enemy with arms, and until the summer of 1944 worked on the construction of fortifications for the German army, and in March 1945 he was captured.
During the inspection, Ponomarev concealed his service with the Germans and was sent to the city of Raychikhinsk in the Amur Region, where he worked for several years at the Raychikhinsky railway depot, and from 1947 until the day of his arrest - in the Dalvostokugol enterprise system, was characterized positively, repeatedly encouraged,He was awarded three commemorative medals.
Dinkel in 1944 took the citizenship of Nazi Germany, and in 1948 - the citizenship of Germany. In the period 1945-1959. Dinkel worked as a hired worker for peasants as a gardener in a sanatorium.
Since 1963 Dinkel disability pensioner. In 1951 he registered marriage with a citizen Herman Lina Germanovna, born in 1908, a pensioner with whom he lived in the mountains. Wetzlar on Lana (Hessen), Germany, until May 1972.
In 1971, Dinkel began a correspondence with his son. Having received a visa, Dinkel came to the USSR to visit his son from his first marriage. On June 1, 1972, he was arrested by the state security organs in the mountains. Zlatoust. "
During the interrogations, Dinkel told about all his subordinates, and finding Ponomarev, who lived under his own name, was not difficult.
The verdict, taking into account the offense, was the only possible - capital punishment. Both policemen tried to escape from the death penalty, but their attempts to appeal the sentence did not lead to anything.
And even the appeal to the Federal Republic of Germany in Moscow sent to the USSR Foreign Ministry did not help the petitions for pardon. The USSR Supreme Court insisted that the sentence should remain in force.
However, big politics intervened. Dinkel's wife, Lina, was able to ensure that the President of the Federal Republic of Germany Gustav Heinemann spoke out for saving her husband's life. The note of the German Embassy in Moscow dated August 3, 1973 stated:
“Mr. Federal President supports the request of Ms. Lina Dinkel not to carry out the death sentence handed down by the Military Tribunal to her husband Alexander Dinkel, since the death penalty does not exist in the Federal Republic of Germany and Mr. Dinkel also has German citizenship.”
Against the background of the fact that in May 1973 Brezhnev had a successful visit to the Federal Republic of Germany, they did not want to spoil the established relations with Western Germany.
Therefore, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR decided to pardon Dinkel and replace the death penalty with fifteen years in prison.
It is clear that to keep Dinkel alive and shoot Ponomarev was illogical and wrong. And because the same replacement punishment made for him. So, in the end, the victims of the German punisher remained unforgiven.