Biting of midges: treatment and prevention
Bites of Simuliidae - a rather unpleasant phenomenon, butnot fatal. Probably, with it at least once in a life faced each person. On how dangerous the attacks of small insects may be and how quickly to cope with the consequences, read below.
Characteristics of the species
Few people know that those whom we designate as capacious,but the faceless word "midges", in fact referred to as "Simuliidae" and belong to the family of dipterous insects, being a component of the nest complex. Scientists-biologists say that today there are more than 1800 of their species. They can be found on any continent: from Africa to Antarctica. The average life expectancy of an insect is a month. What is so dangerous biting bugs? Firstly, they are justly considered carriers of a variety of diseases: leukocytosis, onchocerciasis ... In addition, the saliva of these small flying "terrorists" is likely to provoke an allergic reaction.
So, how to determine that the bite of midges has becomecause allergies? Pay attention to the following symptoms: the skin of a bitten person is quickly covered with small bubbles that itch and itch. After a while in this area there is swelling, and the inflammation can be so strong that it will deprive the affected rest. In a number of cases, there is a sharp increase in temperature and intoxication.
Biting of midges: treatment
In order to minimize unpleasantsensations, it is enough to perform a few simple recommendations. Is the skin painfully itching and prevents you from falling asleep? Treat the affected area with drinking soda, dissolved in water, or with ordinary ammonia. Do you have essential oil of mint in the medicine cabinet? Excellent! This remedy perfectly removes inflammation. By the way, the landlady notes: similar properties have a laundry soap. Bites of Simuliidae can also be treated with a mixture of salt and vinegar. If you are in nature, you can make a compress from the juice of dandelions: rip off a couple of leaves of the plant, crush them so that the liquid flows out, and attach to the site of the bite. To compress held, fix it with band-aid or bandage. A very effective remedy is the onion. The head must be cut in half and, as in the previous version, applied to the affected area - this will quickly relieve the pain and remove the swelling, no matter how strong it may be.
As you know, the attack of insects is easiestto be exposed on the nature: in the forest, near the lake, at the dacha. By the way, the last option is not so bad: in any case, at your fingertips there will be beds, which are the real storehouse for fighting edema. Parsley, mint, plantain - all these plants soothe and have an anti-inflammatory and anticonvulsant effect. If you are afraid that moths caught saliva with saliva, when you come home you should make an appointment with a doctor and take the necessary tests. Some are asking how, in general, can one distinguish, say, a mosquito attack, a nettle burn and bite of Simuliidae?Photo, if you doubt, you can look in any medical directory. The main thing - do not give in to the desire to comb the place of the bite to the blood.