Cochleoneuritis: causes of development, risk factors, treatment and prevention
Jul 02, 2018
The loss of one of the five senses is always felt by a person, like a heavy curse.Each of us at least once in my life encountered hearing problems.And every time it turned out to be frightened by possible helplessness.Unfortunately, full or partial hearing loss is possible at any age.
One of the reasons medicine calls cochleoneuvrit.In the article we will try to understand the causes, the main symptoms, treatment and prevention of the disease.
- Kohleonevrit - description of possible causes of
- Diagnostka and varieties of disease
- Basic Principles and metododika treatment
- Preventive measures and prognosis in case of victory over the disease
Kohleonevrit - description of possible causes of
It is known that the hearing function of a person is controlled by special auditory nerves.In each ear is a subtle mechanism that ensures the perception of sounds from the outside.
In the inner ear of a person, so-called hair cells are located.They perform the function of nerve receptors, the main task of which is to catch the vibrations of the fluid filling the inner ear, and the creation of nerve impulses.These signals enter the brain with the aid of the auditory nerve.
In the event that a failure occurs at each of these stages, a person feels the symptoms that are commonly associated with the concept of "hearing problems".
Most often, malfunctions of the auditory nerve caused by inflammatory processes, which, in turn, can have a variety of reasons.It is interesting that even 100 years ago cochleoneuritis was considered a synonym for neurosensory hearing loss.
More recently, from the point of view of medicine, scientists have found that sensorineural hearing loss is caused by damage to the nervous system, resulting, as a rule, once it becomes a significant reduction in or loss of hearing.What can not be said about cochleoneuvre - timely diagnosis allows you to designate effective treatment and minimize the risk of hearing loss.
According to statistics, the inflammation of the auditory nerve is more likely to affect men.The inhabitants of megacities are also more likely to earn chronic cochleoneuvrites due to the presence of a huge number of different noises.
Among the causes of kohleonevrita doctors are the following factors:
- Infectious Diseases
- exposure to toxic substances
- Head Injuries
- professional activity.
Any later identified or insufficiently treated infections of the head, neck, ears, nose and throat may lead to the development of kohleonervita.Particular attention should be paid to health if you have suffered the following diseases:
- Epidemic parotitis( common in the population - "mumps").
Effects of toxic substances most often provoke the development of cochleoneuritis in children, because practical all antibiotics adversely affect the work of immunity, which means that the children's body is even more vulnerable.
antibiotics such as Neomycin, Kanamycin, Streptomycin require that parallel reception of vitamins to protect the body from their harmful effects.
Most adult toxic substances lurk in their professional activities in the form of various chemical elements known for their destructive effect on the body:
- Lead salts and other heavy metal compounds
- Mixed substances
- Substances obtained from the processing of petroleum products
Uncontrolled use of alcohol and drugs can also cause inflammation of the auditory nerve.In this case, a doctor's appointment is often overdue, since a person who abuses psychoactive substances does not see a connection between their use and hearing loss.
Consequently, there is a significant percentage of people with substance dependencies who suffer from chronic inflammation of the auditory nerve, without even knowing the cause of the disease.
Another factor contributing to the development of cochleoneuritis is head trauma, both in children and adults.In this case, a critical role is played by a thorough examination of the body immediately after the incident, timely registration with a neurologist and carrying out all the necessary studies.
Unfortunately, age-related changes in the body also lead to problems with hearing, one of which is cochleoneuvrit.After 55 years, the hearing organs should be treated with special attention, because at this age, any disease in this area is fraught with complete hearing loss.
The modern level of development of medicine allows you to cope with almost any disease.Therefore, knowing about the most common reasons for the development of cochleonevrita in our power to prevent the disease or reduce its impact on the body to a minimum, on time turning to the doctor.
The initial stage of the inflammation of the auditory nerve can be evidenced by:
- hearing impairment,
- noises or ringing in the ears,
- sensation of nausea, dizziness, dysfunction of the vestibular apparatus,
- pronounced pain in the ears,One or both,
- fever, malaise, discharge from the nose, cough.
The main symptom to which attention should be paid at any age is a sudden decrease in hearing.Even older people who tend to believe that various kinds of ailments are quite typical of the venerable age, it should be remembered that a slight decrease in hearing and refusal to seek medical help can lead to further deafness.
Special attention should be paid to the behavior of children under the age of one who can not complain of hearing loss on their own.As a rule, this symptom in children is indicated by sharp mood changes, the body temperature can rise.
The presence of one or more of the above symptoms is a sufficient reason to seek medical care at any age and immediately begin treatment, which is prescribed only by a doctor.
Timely prescribed treatment is the key to success in the victory over the inflammation of the auditory nerve.After all, modern medicine does not consider cochleoneuvrism a fatal disease for a long time.Irreversible consequences can occur only in case of refusal to contact the doctor.
Diagnostic methods and disease types
Timely access to medical care is important precisely because the development of cochleoneuritis can be detected only by a doctor during a special examination.Having studied the origin of all the symptoms described by the patient, the doctor usually prescribes drugs that minimize the effect on the body of infections or toxic substances.
A few days later, the main study of the state of the auditory nerve - audiometry.It is this that makes it possible to identify which of the varieties of inflammation of the auditory nerve the patient is exposed.
Depending on whether one or both of the ears are affected, one-sided and two-sided cochleoneuvrites are distinguished.The development of the acute form of the disease is indicated by the excessive severity of all symptoms and a rapid decrease in hearing.Chronic cochleoneuritis, as a rule, develops in elderly people who consider hearing loss to be an absolutely normal age-related change and who did not turn to a doctor on time.
For children it is especially dangerous to develop two-way cochleonevrit.As a rule, such a diagnosis leads to mental and mental development disorders.For people over 35 years of age, chronic inflammation of the auditory nerve is most dangerous, as in 40% it leads to complete or partial hearing loss.
Experts believe that modern advances in medicine can at least partially restore a person's ability to hear, even with hearing aids or cochlear implantation.The only condition is timely access to medical care.This factor is of great importance even in such seemingly desperate situations as an acute or chronic form of inflammation of the auditory nerve.
Basic principles and methods of treatment
Methods of treatment of a disease depend, first of all, on the reasons that caused it.That is why with cochleoneuvre it is simply necessary that the doctor prescribe the treatment.
If cochleoneuvritis is caused by infectious diseases or complications in their course, an analysis of individual sensitivity to different groups of antibiotics is carried out.After the bacterial sowing, the doctor can prescribe:
- Abundant drink
- Bed rest.
If the inflammation of the auditory nerve is caused by intoxication, the treatment takes longer.Typically, the patient is identified in a hospital because of the need for constant stimulation of immunity and the introduction of drugs intravenously via droppers.
To fix the effect, sanatorium treatment with a whole group of the following procedures is recommended:
- Mud and mineral baths.
If the reason for the development of cochleonevrita is professional activity, in addition to taking medication, you must, of course, change your place of work.Otherwise, the disease will progress and lead to a complete hearing loss.
If cochleoneuvritis is caused by age-related changes, in most cases, its symptoms can only be damped or slowed down.To this end, prescribe the following medicines:
- Antihypertensive drugs
- Drugs that reduce blood cholesterol
- Drugs that reduce blood clotting and improve blood flow in the vessels of the brain.
Prevention of the disease and prognosis in case of victory over the disease
People who lead a healthy lifestyle, special preventive measures are not required to prevent the development of cochleonevritis, it is not required.We all know that medicine is prescribed only by a doctor, you should seek medical help with any ailments, and proper nutrition and an active lifestyle protects better than any medication.
But people whose professional activities are associated with the impact of various noises or the occurrence of emergencies, it is necessary to double the concern for health.In addition to compliance with safety rules and regular medical examinations, vitamins and rest are required in places and in activities far from the main field of activity.
The overall prognosis for early cochleoneuritis is encouraging: 90% of patients completely overcome the disease and do not suffer further hearing problems.
Acute and chronic cochleoneusritis, especially in children, is treatable worse, since during the course of the disease the auditory nerve has time to lose some of its abilities, and the entire body is getting used to operating in a fault mode.
Acute and chronic cochleoneuritis often leads to complete or partial hearing loss.But there is also a way out - hearing aids or cochlear implantation( effective for children under 12 years old).