Diet for Jungar hamsters
Many owners of these cute animals are guided by their wild counterparts. If hamsters in nature eat grain, then the pet diet should consist solely of it. This statement is only 50% correct.
So, in the feeder of your pet must be dry food. But this is not any one kind of grain, diversity is important. It is impossible to try to choose the food yourself, taking into account all the needs of the animal, it is better to buy ready-made mixes in the store.
They have a completely different composition and amount of vitamins. Such foods can harm the stomach and the general condition of your pet.
Wet food and vegetables
In the diet of your pets must be fresh fruits and vegetables.They should be given every day, not once a week or a month. Fruits are rich in vitamins and minerals, thanks to them the hamster becomes more mobile and active, which improves the well-being of the rodent.
Some fruits and vegetables can not be given to the hamster. These include: cabbage, potatoes and watermelon. These are real parasitic fruits. They cause bloating, constipation and can lead to the death of a pet, so you should not experiment.
From vegetables it is recommended to give carrots, zucchini, pumpkin, beets, lettuce and other fruits that are not banned. It is not necessary to give the pet all types of vegetables at once, one or two is enough.
But the word "sweets" refers exclusively to fresh fruit. There should be no sweets, cookies or other confectionery on the animal menu.
Citrus fruits and exotic fruits cannot be given to an animal.The list of taboos included: tangerines, oranges, kiwi, pomegranates, etc. It is also strictly forbidden to feed the rodent with prunes in any form.
Other fruits should be given in limited quantities and strictly from a certain age. So, such fresh fruits are allowed:
- Apples of various varieties. They should be given when your animal is older than two months.
- Grapes and currants. They can be given more often, but do not overfeed the animal.
- Pears and apricots. They are given in small quantities, preferably no more than once a week.
- Bananas. They are allowed as a pleasant encouragement for your animal, but you should not give them more often 1-2 times a month. Consider: a single dose - 1 small piece!
Your favorite pet will definitely taste dried fruit. Add dried apricots, raisins and dried apples to your diet.
From grassy products, the pet of the family is allowed far from all. The list of prohibitions included mint, onion and garlic in any form. Also, do not give hay and plant stems - only leaves. Be sure to consider this when choosing how to feed a dzungarik or any other hamster.
It is recommended to give parsley, dill, lettuce, dandelions, etc. from the permitted greens. Growing grass for the animal on the windowsill is a great solution.
Important: if you collect food on the street - do it away from roads and settlements. After all, food collected in an ecologically polluted place can lead to serious consequences.
Nuts and seeds
Many people mistakenly believe that every hamster dreams of a plate filled with nuts. It is not true. At home, you already give the animal a sufficient number of components, they are contained in store mixes. And feed your pet nuts should be no more than 2 times a week, in small quantities.
Good advice: in no case do not give the nuts in the shell or bones from the fruit. Hamsters easily break their teeth about, injure cheek bags and esophagus.
Also in the menu of your pet must include such components as low-fat cottage cheese (no sugar and no more than 2% fat), boiled egg, boiled chicken fillet (salt and spices are not allowed to add), sprouted oats. These components can be alternated every 2 days.
Good advice: it is worth putting a special stick in the pet's cage for turning teeth. For this, a sprig of apple, walnut, beech or birch trees that grow away from the roads is suitable.Before putting the branch in the cage, boil it for one and a half hours and dry it thoroughly.
In the diet of the animal, living at home, in any case should not be milk, cheese and bread. These products are poison to the animal. They cause constipation and often cause the death of a rodent.
Water in the diet
Water must be in the cage of your pet, it should be changed daily to fresh. What liquid is best to use? So, your pet is not suitable boiled and distilled water - these are dead liquids that do not contain anything, and even dry the body. The best would be filtered, key or tap fluid.
Vitamin supplements and treats
But if you prefer cheaper counterparts, then you should take care of recharge. It is important to know that it is strictly forbidden to give hamsters human vitamin complexes - this can end in death.Buy exclusively pet supplies.
Each owner of a Dzhungar or any other hamster saw various crackers, spikelets and other “fortified supplements” on the shelves of outlets. In fact, there is not much left of the vitamins; they are more likely delicacies of dubious quality. Accordingly, they should not be given.
What can the old and weak animals?
Unfortunately, even with proper care at home, hamsters are prone to old age and various diseases. For such pets should be more careful to choose a diet, because it is important to provide the body with a sufficient amount of nutrients, eliminating harmful products.
First of all, you should chop the food for the animal, because his teeth are not the same, and he will not be able to chew on hard grains. It is necessary to add to the menu pots for newborn babies (dairy-free). Carefully study the composition of the product, it is important that there is no milk, salt, sugar, starch, potatoes and rice. In these cereals, you can easily add the necessary medicines and vitamins. A hamster living at home will not notice the trick.
Food in the feeder (grain feed from the store) should always be! It is important,as if there is a shortage of food, the hamster will starve.
If the pet is sick or already old, it is worth giving him water with chamomile. It is useful for the general condition of the animal. Also hamsters often refuse to eat because of indisposition. Do not let the animal go hungry, you can force-feed it. To do this, crush the grains into powder, dilute them with hot liquid (not milk and no honey). After receiving the mixture, similar in consistency with sour cream, forcibly pour it into the animal's mouth from a syringe without a needle. The animal at the same time you need to hold in your hands and tilted: the head is above the body.
If you bought a hamster, then such tips might be useful for you:
- A lot of controversy is caused by the food of the Dzungar hamsters. The Internet is replete with the information that the feed for them should be crushed. This is false information, in no case do not do that. They need to be given standard store food.
- Do not allow the appearance of an empty feeder. Animal feed should be freely available and constantly. Having seen the lack of food, the hamster will simply start to stock up and starve, which is catastrophic for domestic animals.
- The animal is strictly forbidden to give sweet, fat, flour, spicy and spicy, it will lead to serious consequences, even death.
- Spikelets and delicious sticks with grains can be given no more than once a month. Other delicacies (nuts, etc.) should be added to the menu daily, but in small quantities.
Now you know all about the intricacies of nutrition and the maintenance of rodents. Follow these simple tips and your hamster will delight you for many years.