Duty to cars
In 2012, the import duty on cars will decreaseup to 25% (there were 30%). This is due to the fact that Russia entered the WTO at the end of last year and, perhaps, this is one of the main advantages that distinguishes the "ordinary" Russian population. In addition, along with the fall in duties for the import of foreign vehicles, motorists expect a decline in car prices. Will this happen, let's try to figure it out.
In addition to reducing the duty on cars,imported by dealers, obviously a significant increase in the number of vehicles on our roads. The reason is that the customs duty on the new car should be reduced by the Russian side. We recall that these quotations were overstated during the global crisis, as an anti-crisis measure. According to the representatives of the state power, in accordance with the agreements, the remaining tariffs this year will not be changed.
It should also be recalled that the duty on carswas increased by passenger cars as a measure of support to domestic producers. This happened in 2009, when car owners had to pay 30% of the cost of imported vehicles, provided that the foreign car is not older than five years, while there was an extra charge for certain characteristics of the engine. At the same time, payments for used passenger cars and freight increased significantly. And the duty on cars, whose age was more than five years, has become more by 80%.
So, as already mentioned, in 2012, the duty oncars will drop to 25%. In the future (for seven years), this figure will gradually decrease to 15%. At the same time, it should be clarified that the basic agreements were reached on tariff issues in 2006, but finally everything was decided only in 2011. Russia entered the WTO in early December last (2011).
Now about the decrease in detail. The first year (2012), the duty on cars will be 25%, next year - 24%, in a year - 23% and in the next 4 years will gradually decrease to 15%. At the same time, according to the leadership, the reduction of the duty does not mean at all that the domestic auto industry will not be supported by the state. As V. Putin said, the government intends to protect the Russian automaker after our country joined the WTO.
It was also stated that if the carthe industry will find itself in unequal competition, the government will find ways to protect it, namely non-tariff regulation. At the same time, it was stressed that all countries that are members of the WTO use technical regulations.
Along with all the above, experts do not see yetany problems with the fact that the duty on cars fell to 5%. However, about this issue, none of the officials said anything concrete. Well, as they say, we'll wait and see.
According to officials, a year later the largestConcerns that work in conjunction with Russian automakers should be firmly entrenched in the country, which means they will increase the share of their transport in our market. In this case, smaller participants will be ousted. That is why imports will increase in outsider companies. At the same time it was reported that the reduced duty on cars to 25% will only be a formality when working with the WTO.
Finally, I would like to add that for todayday, many motorists hope that due to customs duties, the prices for cars will also significantly decrease. But according to experts this will not happen, since in the Russian market, pricing is influenced primarily by demand, and not by costs when transporting goods (cars). From this it can be concluded that a reduced duty on cars will be very beneficial to producers and dealers, but ordinary citizen-buyers will not notice any profit at all. That is, prices will stay at about the same level as they were before.