Eiffel Tower - a dream, shocking and French heritage
This amazing building attracts tourists from all over the world ... Lovers dream together to rise to the very top of the Eiffel Tower and confess their feelings there, and fans of French culture consider it a must to visit. Moreover, the tower is the European treasure and valuable economic object of the country. Why did the Eiffel Tower in Paris deserve such popularity and recognition?
In 1889, the World Exhibition in honor of the Bastille was held in Paris, and this monumental building was erected as an arch to its opening. Photos of the tower at that time scattered around the world. Then the engineer Gustave Eiffel thought that the tower would stand for a couple of decades and it would be dismantled. But, contrary to his opinion, the Eiffel Tower stood much longer and to this day towers in the territory of the Field of Mars.
And although the creator of this architectural masterpiece is Eiffel, he borrowed the ideas from the documentation of another engineering genius - Maurice Koeschlen.In addition, it was not without the work of another scientist paleontologist from Switzerland - Hermann von Meier, the subject of study of which is the femur, more precisely, its joint in the joint. Such research has enabled engineers to give the Eiffel Tower maximum stability in 20 years.
A whole group of specialists worked with Eiffel who were finalizing the idea, a joint patent was issued, and the drawing went to the competition, where they were given a majority of votes. Later, Eifel fully redeemed the right to possession of them, and remained one owner.
How did you achieve the perfect look?
During the construction of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, an increase in production was observed worldwide, and technical progress was taking leaps and bounds. Then the design became a model of these processes, but it still remained conservative. And to win the competition this was not enough. Gustav Eifel made the right decision - he ennobled the tower-arch, using decorative elements to make it look more elegant and elegant.
It was decided to make the decoration of the tower pillars of stone, the arches tied the pillars and the lower floor and turned into the main entrance of the Parisian heritage.The floors of the tower, after a separate design, acquired the functionality - the halls were glazed, and the top of the structure became not a spire, but a rounded shape.
After the end of all the innovations, the plan was approved, and the construction of the updated tower began. Then Eiffel uttered the prophetic words that France would be the only one in the whole world to have a three-hundred-meter flagpole. Indeed, the Eiffel Tower on the map still attracts eyes and is a dream of many.
Stunning facts and impressive numbers
Starting at the end of January 1887, the construction of the arch was completed on the last day of 1889. Even by today's standards, given the size of the tower, it is very, very fast. The height of the Eiffel Tower is 3 hundred meters, and the antenna gives it an additional 24 meters.
At that time, technical devices that could lift parts weighing more than one ton to a similar height were not even dreamed of. Therefore, the creator of such a colossal structure had to invent and cranes with mobility. In addition, to speed up the work, many elements of the tower were made in advance, and then connected with the help of special rivets.
The modern designers are amazed by the accuracy of the drawings of the Eiffel Tower, while creating the project, more than 1,500 and more than 3,500 detailed ones were created. And speaking of accuracy, it did not exceed 0.1 mm (today, 3D printers provide such accuracy). That is, this work can be called jewelry.
Looking at the photo of the Eiffel Tower, many people wonder what is inside there? Before getting to the top of the tower and admiring the beautiful views, a person gets on two initial platforms - the first is at a height of just under 60 m, and the second is 1115, 73 m.
Here are restaurants where visitors can have lunch, dinner or just drink a glass of wine. Despite the fact that it is still far to the top, already from here you can see many of the city’s charms - hotels in Paris, historical sites and other beauties.
To climb to the top and look around the capital of France from the Eiffel Tower, you will need to climb 1792 steps.But you should not worry - not everyone dares to take such a laborious walk, already during the construction two elevator cabins were installed - initially with hydraulic pumps, but later they were replaced with mechanisms with electric motors.
At the top of the tower there is the 4th platform, which is an apartment built specifically for the creator of this impressive structure. This is a fairly spacious accommodation, but its owner did not strive for luxury and excess - everything is simple and tasteful. Until now, it has preserved the furniture and attributes of those times, including the piano. You can find many photos, and if you do not visit the tower, then at least understand what is at stake.
As for color, the elegant, sophisticated beauty of Paris, the Eiffel Tower, has changed it more than once. The palette of shades of the tower ranged from yellow to red-brown tones. Today, a special color has been developed and patented - brown-eiffel, which is similar to the color of bronze, but has some differences.
They paint the tower regularly - every seven years, it protects metal parts from corrosion, and old, worn parts are replaced with new ones made from lighter and stronger alloys.
Nightlife of the Eiffel Tower
The beautiful tower shines both in the afternoon, and at night, and at night it literally glows. Already at the time of discovery back in 1889, the tower was equipped with several tens of thousands of gas-powered lamps, several searchlights and a lighthouse.
Then the space theme followed - the stars literally fell from the Eiffel Tower, comets flew by and swam signs of the zodiacs. And after - there was a surname Citroen. Almost 10 years this amazing ad lasted.
Later, the luster of the tower only intensified, it was supplemented with silver lights, and then decorated with the flag of Europe, consisting of golden stars, set against a blue background. The result of the work of Gustave Eiffel became a real symbol not only of Paris, but of the whole of France. Today there are many copies of this miracle, it can be found even in China, Kazakhstan, and traveling, you can rent a hotel room with a view of the Eiffel Tower far from the French lands.
Parisian views from a height
Going to visit this landmark, guests should be aware that tourist flows do not run out here day or night. And in order to make an excursion to the Eiffel Tower a pleasant and tedious process, it is recommended to book restaurant tables and tickets in advance.
It doesn’t matter whether it is an expensive restaurant or a budget pizzeria, the surrounding views will still take your breath away, and the photos of the city are excellent.
Sight of France on the map
On any map of Paris, the location of this significant structure must be clearly and vividly indicated. In the electronic version you can find the most detailed and convenient routes (it is surrounded by very remarkable historical sites) and photos of excellent quality.
Around this area there are many hotels of different stars, so you can choose a suitable hotel in Paris with a view of the Eiffel Tower.
There is a steady aphorism “to see Paris and die” ... That is, the capital of France may be the last wish for many. However, to be in the capital and not to visit the Eiffel Tower is generally a crime. After all, no matter how you look at the pictures, the original will exceed all expectations.