Features of Augmentin in children
What is this drug?
Augmentin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic on the body, as indicated in the instructions for use. It has a complex composition, due to which it effectively fights aerobic and anaerobic, that is, viable bacteria in an oxygen-free environment.
The drug contains clavulanic acid, which makes the drug highly resistant to beta-lactamase, thereby expanding the range of effects of the antibiotic. Beta-lactamase is an enzyme that makes many strains of microorganisms resistant to penicillins.
Augmentin is presented in different dosages and types of packaging. The instructions for use contain information that the drug is supplied in tablets with different content of the active substance - 375 mg and 625 mg. There are also ready-made syrups for oral administration. In addition, you can find a powder intended for injection, packaged in 0.6 grams and 1.2 grams.
For children, doctors most often prescribe dry matter, from which suspensions are prepared for oral administration. From such a substance in some cases make drops.
Augmentin has synonyms, that is, drugs with the same active substance, but another patented name, which was chosen by its immediate manufacturer. The following generic drugs are available on the international drug market:
Augmentin contains two biologically active components, the dosage of which varies depending on the form in which the medicine is produced. These components include clavulanate (in other words, clavulanic acid) and amoxicillin. The dosage of these substances in one scoop of dry powder to dissolve the suspension is as follows: 125 mg of amoxicillin and 31 mg of clavulanate.
Diseases for Augmentin
Suspension Augmentin for children has many indications for use.The medicinal substance is very well proven in the treatment of bronchopulmonary diseases and diseases of the upper respiratory tract in babies.
Specially selected dosage allows you to quickly achieve positive results in the treatment of severe forms of bronchitis than the usual drugs.
The composition of this drug, which includes 125 mg of amoxicillin and 31 mg of clavulanate in one scoop, allows to achieve high results in the treatment of sinusitis, tonsillitis, middle ear infections in young children. Urinary tract infections are caused by microorganisms that are not destroyed by clavulanic acid-free antibiotics. This means that Augmentin copes well with such diseases due to its composition.
Instructions for use contains a complete list of diseases for which antimentum Augmentin is prescribed. These include:
- inflammation of the mucous membrane of the sinuses (sinusitis);
- acute and chronic inflammation of the tonsils (tonsillitis);
- otitis media;
- bronchial pneumonia;
- chronic bronchitis aggravation;
- renal failure;
- urinary tract infections;
- skin infections;
A broad-spectrum antibiotic is effective for treatment only when an accurate diagnosis is established. Another important condition is the absence of contraindications and individual tolerance of the drug. It is important to consult a qualified doctor and take the drug according to a strictly prescribed scheme.
Dosage of the drug for children
Before you start taking the medicine, you need to make sure that the children's body is not susceptible to allergic reactions and normally tolerates medicinal substances containing clavulanic acid.
When the doctor prescribed Augmentin, a suspension for children will be the most optimal choice. There are two types of powder for dilution of suspensions - 400 mg / 57 mg in 5 ml of the prepared solution and 200 mg / 28.5 mg in 5 ml. This means that 5 milliliters of medication,which is prepared at home by dilution of dry matter, may contain 57 mg of either 28.5 mg of clavulanate and 400 or 200 mg of amoxicillin. Accordingly, the dosage of the antibiotic in the preparation Augmentin 400 mg is two times more than in Augmentin 200 mg.
|Age of child||Dosage||Frequency of use|
|1 to 3 months||0.75 ml in drops||3 times a day|
|3 to 9 months||1.25 ml in drops|
|From 9 months to 2 years||2.5 ml syrup or prepared suspension Augmentin 200 mg|
|From 2 to 7 years||5 milliliters of Augmentin 200 mg suspension|
|Children from 7 to 12 years old, whose weight is not 40 kg.||10 ml of suspension containing amoxicillin 200 mg or 5 milliliters of a solution with a dosage of amoxicillin 400 mg|
Sometimes in pharmacies you can find powder for the preparation of a fruit-flavored syrup, which is well suited for treating children.
The following dosage is recommended:
|Age of child||Dosage||Frequency of use|
|From 9 months to 2 years||2.5 ml of the drug (half dosage 125 mg)||3 times a day|
|From 2 to 7 years||5 ml (125 mg of antibiotic)|
|Children from 7 to 12 years||10 ml (double dose of 125 mg amoxicillin)|
Successful treatment depends on how correctly the doctor has chosen the dosage. Knowing the composition of the drug and the content of active substances in it, it is easy to calculate how much of the suspension, drops, syrup should be given to the baby.In situations where the body is struggling with a strong infection, the daily intake of antibiotic can be doubled. Treatment is carried out no more than 14 days.
Among other recommendations for use are the following:
- medication should be taken before meals;
- It is very important not to miss a single drug intake, which must be made at the same time during the day during the entire course of treatment.
Side effects of taking Augmentin
The drug is safe for the child's body. It has been tested over the years, thanks to which the mechanism of its impact has been very well studied. Of course, side effects can occur, but the probability of their manifestation is very low, as indicated by the instructions for use.
Sometimes there can be different allergic reactions. Among them: dermatitis, anaphylactic shock, Stevens-Johnson disease, vasculitis. In some cases, there is a urticaria, erythema, allergic rash. The child may feel dizzy, severe headache.
On the part of the digestive system, the following negative reactions can be observed: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting.Diarrhea is the most common negative symptom when taking medication. When taking a suspension or syrup, the color of the baby’s tooth enamel may change, which does not pose a danger to its health.
A complete list of adverse reactions can be found in the annotation to the drug. Instructions for use also contains a complete list of dosages and recommendations on how to properly undergo a course of drug treatment.
To protect the children's body from such undesirable reactions, it is important to strictly observe the dosage of medication prescribed by a qualified doctor. It is important to understand that Augmentin 400 mg can replace Augmentin 200 only if the dose is reduced by 2 times. In this case, you can not drink twice a day medicine with an antibiotic content of 400 mg instead of three doses of Augmentin 200 mg. Unlike the prepared suspensions, the syrup contains a reduced dose of amoxicillin - only 125 mg in 5 ml, so if the doctor prescribed a syrup, it is better not to replace it with the suspension.
What else should be taken during the treatment with Augmentin?
Augmentin almost always in children causes a violation of the intestinal microflora. Because of this, such a side effect is manifested as diarrhea, nausea, flatulence, dysbiosis. Usually, a doctor in combination with an antibiotic prescribes drugs that normalize the microflora.
The most popular among such drugs are:
- Hilak Forte;
The dosage regimen of such medicines is as follows: Simultaneously with the administration of Augmentin at a dosage of 125, 200, 400 mg, 1-2 capsules of Linex or its generic are taken. Children up to two years old are shown taking one capsule 3 times a day, older children have 2 capsules.
Normalizing microflora drugs may vary, so be sure to study the information that contains instructions for use. In general, these drugs have a good effect and help the child cope with the effects of taking antibiotics - normalize stools, improve appetite, relieve unpleasant sensations in the abdomen.
Augmentin is an antibiotic that fights many strains of bacteria. It is suitable even for children in the first year of life. There are various dosages of the antibiotic Amoxicillin. For example, in 5 ml of its medicine may contain 125, 200, 400 mg. The dosage depends on the age of the child, the severity of the infection and the weight of the baby.