From the history of the origin of the name Kuzmin
For many centuries, the existence of a surnamepointed to the person's belonging to the noble class. It is believed that the noble citizens of Veliky Novgorod were the first in Russia to acquire hereditary patrimonial names.
During the XIV-XV centuries, boyars and princes of Russiansland also began to take their family surnames, formed from the name of their landed estates. So appeared Shuisky, Obolensky, Vyazemsky, Tver, Meshchersky, etc.
The Science of the Origin of Surnames
Kuzmin, Petrov, Begichev, Lanskoy and othersgeneric names are now studied anthroponomy. This section of linguistics analyzes the appearance and evolution of proper names that identify a person. According to the anthroponymy, Russian surnames were formed with the help of suffixes: -sk-, -ov-, -ev-, -in-.
Thus, even at the first acquaintance witha person can be judged on its origin and nationality. Surname Kuzmin, for example, will indicate that we are Russian. However, the anthroponomy is not limited only to the study of the formation of types of proper names, it also deals with the study of their occurrence.
After the adoption of Kievan Rus' Orthodoxy in 988. at baptism all babies received Christian names, usually in honor of this or that saint. If we talk about the origin of the name Kuzmin, then it is based on the church name Kosma, which in Greek means "universe, order, peace."
According to the church teaching, St. KosmaYakhromsky and the Monk Kosma Maiumsky are patrons of boys with similar names. Later the Greek Cosma was Russified, turning into Kuzma. And since the word ends with a vowel, the generic name derived from it is formed with the suffix -in-. Such is the brief history of the origin of the name Kuzmin.
It is assumed that the founder of the genus Kuzminykhwas a native of the privileged class. What is the basis of this hypothesis? On the data of anthroponymic research. Thus, representatives of the social elite or families who used a great deal of authority in a certain area received names that were formed from complete, not diminutive names.
In the proof you can bring the pedigreesthe most ancient boyar sorts, approved in 1686. They include, for example, Kuzminy-Karavaeva and simply Kuzminy. Thus, the above-mentioned assumption has a basis.
Nowadays there are also a lot of people wearingthe name Kuzmin, whose origin we have examined. Surely among your acquaintances one of them will be found. And if not, the name of the famous Russian singer and composer Vladimir Kuzmin is certainly familiar to everyone.