Gop-stop is street robbery, and GOP is the state hostel of the proletariat
The origin of the concept of "gop-stop"a lot of controversy, but most people associate with him with lightning speed: the street twilight, the company tipsy punks and a crown request to give a light. However, she has many options: from "let me call" to "lend two rubles." The request, as a rule, is followed by demands to give money, a wallet, phone or other valuable things. If a person does not agree, then fists, beats, and sometimes cold weapons are used. At times, the marginals without a preliminary talk strike, take money and disappear. The association is absolutely correct. Gop-stop - this is robbery, theft, armed assault for the purpose of stealing someone else's property, often accompanied by causing the victim physical harm. There are several versions of the origin of this concept. Let's make a short digression into history and trace its etymology.
Prerequisites for the emergence
One version of the emergence of the concept of "gop-stop"calls us to go to Petrograd at the end of the 19th century. It was there, at the intersection of Nevsky Prospekt and Ligovskaya Street, an orphanage appeared, which was popularly called the GOP. Now, few know what that means. The abbreviation stands for "City Society of the Prize". There were sent beggars, vagrants, cripples, street children and teenagers. Many of them already at that time were engaged in marginal activities of various kinds. Money from the state for the full maintenance of the shelter was not enough. Over time, it turned into a simple doss house, and attacks on people and robbery finally became the norm. The criminal activity in the area of Ligovskaya Street, due to the large accumulation of a criminal element in the shelter, has multiplied many times. Its inhabitants were already called Gopnik. But the wide spread of the word has not yet received. These events, perhaps, became a prerequisite for the emergence of the concept of "gop-stop" in the future.
History of origin
After the October Revolution of 1917, the shelter waswas transformed into the "State Hostel of the Proletariat". However, the internal political situation in the country - a coup d'état and civil war - made this building a much more dangerous place than before. The level of child crime has increased. The criminal apparatus as a whole became more active. The city was filled with visitors. Many of them, as well as marginals and lumpen, were settled in the GOP. It was then that Ligovka became notorious. Crime and prostitution flourished there. In this area, more or less well-off people appeared dangerously: they could not only be robbed, but also killed. At that time the word "Gopnik" was widely used. It took on a sharply negative connotation and became associated with people from the bottom, vagabonds stealing civilians. At the same time, the word "gop-stop" appeared. It was perceived by society as "street robbery," a sudden attack, followed by embezzlement of money. Proceeding from the foregoing, it can be assumed that the words "gopnik" and "gop-stop" are related.
Although this version of the origin of the concept"Gop-stop" seems pretty convincing, not all support it. There is another assumption about the origin of this jargon. It is primarily connected with the word "gop" and its original meaning. V. Dal interpreted it as a "leap" or "blow". And in the dictionary of SI Ozhegov it is stated that "gop" is an encouraging exclamation when jumping. According to the same thieves' slang, "gop-stop" is a lightning attack aimed at stealing a man. Indeed, street punks used to jump on people, to disorient them, then to steal. In this case, you could often hear a cry: "Gop-stop!" The first part of the word meant an attack, the second - the demand to stop. In support of this interpretation of jargon, it is possible to indicate akin to him in a certain sense the expression "gop with a clue." It appeared much earlier and had the meaning of "attack, steal and disappear." Also, the term "gop-stop" is associated with the verb "gopat." What does this mean? The word is interpreted by the authors of the dictionaries as follows: "jumping", "jumping", as well as "sticking around, wandering around without a purpose," "sleeping on the street." This relationship can confirm both versions of the origin of the concept of "gop-stop".
Each version has a right to exist. It is interesting that they do not exclude each other, but rather can be considered as complementary. Since the origin of the concept of "gop-stop" a lot of time has passed. And the border between the versions has practically erased. The very word "gop-stop" never completely disappeared from the urban environment, although the number of Gopniks decreased or increased. This is due primarily to the socio-economic conditions in the country. The lower the standard of living, the greater the gopnik. Along with the 20-heyday of the subculture, the 40s and 90s are considered. In these years, the concept of "gop-stop" became topical. Its meaning remained unchanged. In mass use the word came in thanks to the press and all the famous song by A. Rosenbaum "Gop-stop, we came from around the corner", published in the 70's. There is also a point of view that due to the mentioned work the concept leaked from the thieves' milieu into the world of mere mortals.
Now the exclamation "Gop-stop!"Almost anywhere you will not hear. It is used rarely, and then in order to attract attention. However, theft on the street is still called only "gop-stop". This word is part of some phraseological expressions. "To go to the gop-stop" means "to find a victim and rob", and "take a gop-stop" - "rob". From this lexical unit new verbs and nouns are formed. So, a thief can call not only gopnik, but also gopstopnikom, and his actions are characterized by the verb "goppopnut."
Who goes to the gop-stop?
People who are engaged in gop-stop, rank as a youth subculture, which has its own distinctive features. They wear branded sportswear, often cut "under the counter."Gopnikov can be seen in the gates, entrancesor just on the street. They are usually in a light drunk or lightly smoked, often squatting. Gopnik are distinguished by defiant behavior and provoke conflicts. Their speech consists of words-parasites and obscene lexicon. In the evening and at night they go to the gop-stop. This is a robbery, to which Gopnik, as a rule, do not go empty-handed. With them, they have a bit, knife or brass knuckles.