Heroes of military photo stories
Military photos. Sometimes behind them are bright and amazing stories. Here are some of them.
TASS photo correspondent Yevgeny Khaldey (center) in Berlin near the Brandenburg Gate. In the background, the IS-2 from the 7th Guards Tank Brigade is one of the most famous Soviet tanks in Berlin, which was defeated.
The most prominent representative of the Soviet military photo essay, of course, is Yevgeny Khaldey, TASS photo correspondent. With his Leica camera, he went through the whole war from Murmansk to Berlin.
Two photographs of Yevgeny Chaldea are known to almost every person - this is the picture “The First Day of the War”, taken in Moscow on June 22, 1941, and the legendary picture “The Banner over the Reichstag”, taken in May 1945 and became the symbol of Victory.
Yevgeny Khaldey perfectly knew how to give expressiveness to any frame, without shying at the same time doing small productions. It was the same with the photograph "The Banner over the Reichstag." Chaldea did not conceal that the photo was staged - the same flag hoisted over the Reichstag, his friend sewed from ordinary red tablecloths that the Chaldeans had previously asked for from the head of TASS.
According to the author himself, in the early morning of May 2, 1945, he walked along the center of Berlin towards the Reichstag. Three hours earlier, surrender was announced, but individual battles were still going on. Yevgeny Chaldea had a camera with him and that very Soviet banner in his backpack.
In the burnt-out parliament building, a 28-year-old photo correspondent met a young officer and asked him to pose on the roof with a banner. They were joined by two more Red Army men.
Yevgeny Khaldey: “There were four of us (on the roof of the Reichstag), but I well remembered a resident of Kiev, Alexei Kovalev, who tied the flag. I photographed him for a long time ... He and I were helped by the foreman Abdulhakim Ismailov from Dagestan and the Minsk resident Leonid Gorychev from the reconnaissance company of the Guards Red Banner Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky of the Zaporozhye Infantry Division.
The photograph was first printed on May 13, 1945 in the magazine Ogonyok. And in the Soviet media, the snapshot was published in a retouched form: a strap with a dial was removed from the officer’s right hand, as it looked like a second watch, which could give rise to accusations of Soviet soldiers in looting ...
Whatever it was, the picture became an icon of the twentieth century, a picture that in the collective memory of Germans and Russians at the same time represents the defeat of Nazi Germany and the victory of the Red Army.
"For Zina Tusnolobova!"
Regular tank with an unusual inscription. Who is Zina Tusnolobova, for whom tankers fought?
Zina Tusnolobova-Marchenko was a nurse. After graduating from nursing school, in July of '42 she volunteered for the front. An unarmed nurse was on the Voronezh Front, in the thick of the war. In the first two battles alone, Zina carried 40 wounded soldiers and officers out of the fire along a narrow corridor.
In total, over eight months of bloody battles, Zinaida Tusnolobova carried out 128 wounded soldiers from the battlefield. And then she found herself in a hospital bed. During one of the battles with fragments of shells, both legs were cut off. Zina remained lying in the snow ... On the second day, Soviet scouts stumbled upon her, returning from a combat mission. The nurse could not be known. The snow around Zina was red with blood, the skin on her face hung in tattered shreds. Finnish knife cut it out of the snow-ice shell.
In the regimental medical battalion, after seeing the blackened hands and feet of the nurse, they determined that gangrene had begun. Fighting for the life of the girl, the doctors performed eight complicated operations.For many months she was balancing on the verge of life and death, but in the end Zinaida survived.
What the 23-year-old girl felt, with which both legs and both arms were amputated, can only be guessed ... And yet the girl continued to "fight" with four amputated limbs. Once she asked the Komsomol guys who helped at the hospital to transfer her on a stretcher to one of the shops of Uralmash. There, the senior sergeant turned to the guards and asked the workers to make at least one rivet for the tank for her! The workshop stopped, and then the workers began to speak hotly all at once. At an improvised meeting, Uralmash workers decided to release five tanks out of the saved metal over the plan during non-working hours.
A month later, Zina, wrapped in a blanket, met new combat vehicles leaving the factory gates. On the sides of the thirty-fours white paint was displayed: "For Zina Tusnolobova!"
Despite amputated legs and arms, Zinaida did not turn into a helpless disabled person. With the help of prostheses, she learned to walk, with the help of a special nozzle - to write, cook, drown oven, darn. She even became a mother - she gave birth to a son and a daughter.
In 1957, the front nurse found an award. For their courage and heroism in battles with the Nazi invaders, Zinaida Tusnolobova-Marchenko was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal.
Eight years later, in the fall of the 65th, the International Committee of the Red Cross awarded her the Florence Nightingale Medal, established in honor of the English sister of mercy.
This photograph has truly become a textbook, as it is printed in almost all publications that cover the issues of the history of the Great Patriotic War. The picture was first published in July 1942 under the name "Combat". The story of the appearance of this photo is unusual and even intriguing ...
Troops of the Stalingrad, Voronezh and Southern fronts conducted the Voronezh-Voroshilovgrad defensive operation. The enemy rushed to the city of Voroshilovgrad in order to quickly enter the southern regions of Donbass, to the rear of the troops of the Southern Front. Fights were extremely fierce. The advantage in tanks and artillery was on the side of the Germans.
In the Voroshilovgrad direction, the 220th Infantry Regiment of the 4th Infantry Division held defenses.In this part, in the battle formations of companies and battalions, was the front correspondent Max Alpert.
July 12, 1942 on the distant approaches to the city of Voroshilovgrad, the hardest, bloody battles took place just in the defense zone of the 4th rifle division. Alpert was in the rifle company, which counterattacked the Germans in their sector. During the battle, the commander was seriously wounded, and the political officer took over the command of the company. He raised fighters to attack. This moment was captured by the correspondent. But the unforeseen happened - a fragment from a exploding shell broke the lens of the camera. Fortunately, Max Alpert was unharmed. However, during the battle, he did not have time to write down the name of the officer who raised the fighters to attack. The chain of correspondents was told that the battalion commander was killed during this fight.
When Alpert showed the film, it turned out that the negative was preserved. Alpert called the shot "Combat". Therefore, the picture soon appeared in all front-line and army newspapers with such a signature.
Only in the post-war period was it possible to establish the name of the officer. Many years later, a former soldier of the sanitary platoon of the 220th rifle regiment told about this fight, later becoming a major Alexander Matveyevich Makarov: “The fascists attacked us frantically. There were many dead and wounded.By the end of the day, the company commander, Senior Lieutenant Petrenko, was wounded. He was replaced by the political officer of the company, a native of the village of Tyrsyanka, Volnyansky district, Zaporozhye region, Aleksey Gordeyevich Eremenko. After a fierce bombing, with the support of tanks and artillery, the Nazis went into the next attack. And then, rising to his full height with the words: “Follow me! For the Motherland! Forward! ”, Eremenko led the company towards the chains of the Nazis. The German attack was repulsed, but the political leader was killed ...
Originally from the seaman tribe
This photo often appears in the vast world wide web. Always without comment and always causes indescribable emotions. Once you see this picture, you will never forget. Who is this heroic veteran, smiling no matter what? .. His name is Anatoly Leopoldovich Golimbievsky. He is the motorist of the savvy destroyer, the only survivor of the whole group, the first to take part in the battle at Tsemessky bay near Novorossiysk ... Anatoly Golimbievsky, a Red Navy trooper, was in the first line-up of the Marine Corps to land on Malaya Zemlya. He was found on the battlefield with no signs of life, with injuries to his legs and arms.In the Tbilisi hospital the brave sailor was rescued, but they could not save his legs. But this sailor radiated such vitality that he managed to win and marry the head nurse - Georgian Mirtsa ...
The details of his courageous deed are, perhaps, preserved only in the memoirs of the former commander of the "Smart", Rear Admiral SS Vorkova. It is impossible to tell better than the eyewitness of these events.
“... Myskhako. Long-suffering Small Earth. With the machine gun hot from the hot shooting, Anatoly fiercely rushed forward in his tattered vest. Only forward. At the enemy ... I stumbled on the machine gun fire. Jumped up and fell again. With annoyance he felt his knee, sticky with blood. Clenching his teeth, crawled forward. Soon Golimbievsky made his way to the enemy bunker, occupied by thirteen wounded paratroopers, and held defense together with them for two days. On the third day, wounded and in the other leg, one crawled to the machine-gun nest. Aptly threw a pineapple. The enemy bullet landed in the right hand. He returned to his comrades. Only four of them survived. Only on the seventh day of the intolerable rumble, thirst, hunger, he was picked up for a motorbike.In the Gelendzhik hospital after the examination, the surgeon said: gas gangrene, only amputation of the legs ... "
Anatoly Golimbievsky lived up to 80 years, infecting everyone around with his vitality. His golden hands found application at the Institute of Metrology, where he worked all his life as a leading engineer and manufactured thousands of mechanisms, devices and devices. I traveled around the city and to the dacha myself in a car, which I remade into manual control.
- I am proud to come from a seaman tribe! - he said.
The photograph, in which the cadets of the Nakhimov school, led by an officer, salute the veteran Golimbievsky, was taken in 1989 on the embankment in Leningrad by photographer Ivan Kurtov.