History of the Coptic Church
Coptic Churchis located in Alexandria, it is the Christian church of Egypt, belongs to the ancient Eastern Orthodox churches. It obeys the three Ecumenical Councils, recognizes the traditional theological school, does not belong to the family of churches of the Byzantine tradition.
The legend says that this school was founded by the apostle Mark. Now it consists of 400 communities, many of them are in Egypt and its diaspora. The church has the character of Judaism, ancient Egypt - the circumcision of not only men but also women. This tradition is borrowed from Muslims. Until 2012, the Coptic Church was headed by Pope Most Holy Shenouda III.
The Coptic Church has a history of spiritual prosperity, which is associated with feats, tragic events, conflicts associated with the military situation. The Copts are descendants of the ancient Egyptians. Writing their language resembles hieroglyphs. In the 4th century, there were about a million Coptic Christians. Faith was spread by the followers of Christ, who were persecuted at that time.The spread of Christianity in the territory of Egypt contributed to the preaching, which was made in Egyptian language.
In addition, sermons were translated into all Coptic dialects. Everyone who wanted to become a member of the Orthodox community should have mastered the language. The Coptic Church has features not at all resembling the academicity of the Christianity of Alexandria.
For this reason, the relationship between Coptic and Greek Christians remains strained. The fact is that in the country there was a struggle between wealthy Greek pagans and Coptic followers. Alexandrian theology had a certain mystical orientation.
Jesus Christ was perceived as God in the flesh. Christianity in Egypt had its followers for the reason that this country was adjacent to the Holy Land. On the banks of the Nile, the Infant Jesus and the Mother hid from Herod for four years.
Coptic Church- Eastern branch of Orthodoxy. But with this direction we have a lot of differences. Coptic churches are very simply removed, there are no frescoes and paintings on the walls, the iconostases mostly have ordinary panels made of wood decorated with mother-of-pearl, only icons are in the top row.In the iconography of Copts, the images are written in a flat manner, the proportions are most often not respected, the details are not emphasized. The images resemble children's drawings ... But the iconography produces an emotional impression very strong, most likely because it has nothing superfluous.