How to build a barn with your own hands inexpensively
The shed is a small structure, and therefore it is not difficult to build it yourself. You can execute it in several steps:
- base laying;
- device overlap;
- floor installation;
- roof installation;
- installation of doors and windows.
Deciding how to build a shed with your own hands, beforeall you need to think about is what kind of foundation to choose under the base. Under this structure, you can use any of its kind, for example, tape. For the device of such a foundation it is necessary:
- make a perimeter markup;
- excavate the excavation;
- arrange a sand cushion (1/10 of the height of the pit walls);
- to establish formwork and reinforcement;
- pour all with concrete.
As you can see, everything is simple. Under the barn, you can put a less expensive columnar foundation. It depends on the properties of the ground beneath it. So, we build the shed further. And then you need to build the walls. Most often the shed is made of frame-panel. This is the cheapest and quite simple in the erection method. All you need is:
- to fix on the perimeter of the foundation the lower strapping;
- To establish racks on corners and in area of a door and windows;
- install intermediate racks;
- make the top bandage;
- to establish jibs;
- to trim the frame with a board from the outside;
- on the inner side to fix the heater;
- to frame the frame from the inside.
Solving the question of how to build a barnhands, private traders prefer to make this building not very large. Therefore, too many vertical intermediate racks will not be needed. The step between them is taken approximately one meter. For binding, a 19 cm by 10 cm bean is suitable, for racks - 10 by 5 cm. On the perimeter the beams are fastened to the foundation by means of bolts, the rack to the strapping - with the help of a galvanized corner. It is also used to fasten the upper strapping.
The outer skin is pre-tightened from the insidewaterproofing film, using both a wooden rack mount. A heater is not attached directly to the wall, namely to these racks, since there must be a ventilation gap between it and the wall.
We build a shed with our own hands further. Now we need to make overlapping and roofing. First we make a floor, then a ceiling. Beams of the latter should be located strictly above the beams of the first. For the floor, take the beam 10 by 10 cm, for the ceiling, since the attic on the shed is optional - 10 by 5 cm. The thickness of the floor board is selected so that when walking, it does not bend.
Gable roof for a barn to do nonecessity. In most cases, the same one is quite suitable. So, continuing to consider the question of how to build a shed with your own hands, we'll see how to mount the roof. In order to make a saddle roof, you need to make sure that one wall is slightly higher than the other. That is, you can simply put a wide beam on one of them. Further all is simple.
If the roof slope for some reason should besteep enough, you can install on one of the walls of the rack, and put the bar on them. Perhaps you will have to strengthen this structure with the jabs. Then put the inclined bars and arrange the lath with the necessary for the selected roofing material step.
Windows and doors can be taken ready. Surely everyone in the household has them. So, we have considered in detail the question of how to build a shed with our own hands. Such a small and uncomplicated building can be mounted in a week. The only thing, the foundation is done in advance and allows it to stand for about a month. This is the minimum period of maturation of concrete.