How to care for Croton?
Subtleties of plant care
When discussing the peculiarities of care for the croton, it is necessary to begin a conversation with the soil moisture. For irrigation suitable soft, distilled and warm water. From the host the plant will require daily spraying and washing the leaves, on both sides, only with warm water, using a soft rag.
Compliance with this condition is vital for the plant, because it is moisture-loving and does not tolerate dry soil, which is the cause of most diseases, and also creates excellent conditions for the development of parasites.
As already mentioned, care for the Croton at home will not create any particular difficulties for those gardeners who really love their plants. Therefore, compliance with the required illumination will not be a burden.Prefers Croton, diffused light through which it acquires a unique motley coloring. If you do not follow the lighting, then after a short time the leaves of the flower turn to an ordinary green color.
Of course, we understand that the lighting is not always the same throughout the year, which is why in the winter period Croton will feel better under direct sunlight, and in the spring they should be avoided and preferred soft lighting on the eastern or western windowsills.
The maximum allowable temperature is an indicator of +26 degrees, and the endurance threshold is +17. However, you should not risk the Croton. The best option is the range from +20 to +22 degrees.
It is important not to allow too dry air, which is also detrimental to a moisture-loving plant. Get a humidifier that will help create the necessary microclimate in the room.
Soil features for the flower
Wanting to provide the required care at home for the flower, we must not forget about feeding and feeding. As well as the fact that the croton, especially at a young age, requires transplantation into previously prepared fertile soil. Nutrients are brought into the ground only after irrigation.
You can prepare the desired substrate and most. For this it is necessary to mix in equal parts:
- sod land;
- sifted sand.
However, at home, transplanting into prepared soil is possible only when it is calcined or frozen in order to get rid of harmful microorganisms, and the addition of a small amount of charcoal will prevent the possible rotting of the roots.
Getting ready for a transplant
In this case, the flower does not require any academic knowledge from the host. All you need is wide, but not too deep containers. A new flower pot with a diameter of 3 cm to 5 cm. A drainage layer is required without fail, the thickness of which should not exceed three centimeters. It can be created using:
- Expanded clay.
- Broken bricks.
- Ordinary fine gravel.
Basically, the transplant is done if not in the spring, then in the summer. In a small hole the flower moves along with the earthy clod. This is necessary in order to avoid damage to the root system, protecting it from contact with the drainage layer.
If you engage in croton correctly and provide the required care at home, the flower will actively grow. Then it is worth thinking about its reproduction. Seeds can be obtained during the flowering period. As a rule, reproduction begins in January or February, when planting material gets into the soil. Before planting, it is necessary to soak the seeds in a growth stimulator and cover the container with polyethylene. Then wait for germination.
In most cases, reproduction occurs using cuttings. In the spring. For this purpose, a 10–15 centimeter cut taken from the main stem is placed in water to wash off the milky juice.Then bind the leaves, forming tubes from them. This is necessary to reduce the intensity of evaporation of moisture. As a result, planting material is placed in the soil, and also covered with polyethylene.
At this care for a new plant at home does not end there. The container is placed in a warm place for rooting. The process takes no more than one month. That's all about how flower reproduction occurs.
Rather to the doctor
Whatever the right care for the croton at home, the disease can attend. Based on the fact that Croton is a poisonous plant, pests do not rush to colonize it. However…
In most cases, the disease will indicate the leaves, or rather, their tips, which begin to dry. The reason for this will be poor watering or burning from direct sunlight. However, not only the shoots of the plant will respond to a poor watering. Similarly, they will point out that they are insufficiently moistened by wiping with a damp cloth.
When at home the flower does not receive the required care, small parasites may appear, which include:
- spider mite;
- mealyworm or shaggy louse (popular name).
In the first case, the leaves suffer, and in the second, the root system, which leads to the gradual death of the flower. Spider mites will give out leaves that serve as his home. Very often they fall down because of such a neighborhood, but shaggy lice prefers to live in the soil, saping roots.
This kind of disease is also treated. For the fight system insecticides are used in strict compliance with the instructions for use. However, trouble can be avoided if you put a flower in the vicinity of the humidifier. In this case, diseases caused by pests will not be able to hit the Croton, providing it with the necessary care. After all, the moisture will fall on the leaves and over them to drain into the soil, constantly moisturizing the earth lump.
You will receive the original flower, beautiful leaves, successful reproduction and the absence of any disease when you provide the plant with the care it needs.Nevertheless, even if the care was appropriate, the croton can drop some leaves. And this is a natural process.