How to care for room gerbera?
What is this flower?
Gerbera is a plant whose homeland is South Africa. It belongs to the aster family. In appearance it resembles a chamomile with a large core. In Western European culture, sometimes such a flower is called "Transvaal daisy." This type of flora is distinguished by the large size of inflorescences of a wide variety of colors - white, pink, red, orange, burgundy. There are no blue gerberas, but, given the wealth of other colors, this cannot be considered a disadvantage.
This variety belongs to perennial herbaceous plants, and this means that at home it will please the owners for more than one year, it should only provide a decent care. Usually for the apartment choose dwarf varieties in which the peduncle is much less than 60 centimeters in height (as in the decorative gerbera).
Such popularity is dictated not only by the wonderful appearance of the flower, but also by its unpretentiousness. Indeed, to care for gerberas under the force of novice flower growers.
Regardless of whether the flower is grown in the open field, or at home, its inflorescence resembles a basket with a diameter of 5 to 15 centimeters. Depending on how correct the care of such a flora is, the flowering period will last. On average, it lasts up to 120 days. It is also interesting that gerberas bloom better at a short light day, which makes them ideal flowers for home decoration in the winter time.
Optimal flower conditions
There are several rules that must be followed for the breeding of gerberas at home.
One of them is good ventilation. This type of flora does not tolerate stale stale air. Therefore, it is important to ventilate the room twice a day.
The second important aspect is the temperature, which should be around 17 - 22 degrees. A slight decrease in temperature in the period after flowering is allowed. Some growers recommend moving the pot to a cooler place to allow it to rest and grow strong.
Care also provides for the observance of optimal humidity at 40 - 60 percent of the readings of the hygrometer. At home, this can be achieved if you put a vase of water near the plant. Such an element can also become a wonderful method of decoration if you choose a vessel that is suitable in style. Transparent reservoirs filled with stones and shells look harmoniously.
Another option of moisture, acceptable at home, is the following: you can install a pot in the pan, where the bottom is covered with pebbles and filled with water, which only needs to be added as it evaporates. The best option would be to install a home fountain in the room where ornamental flowers grow.
Watering and fertilizer
Excessive moisture leads to fungal diseases and death of the flower. Do not allow water to enter the inflorescences, otherwise it will lead to yellowing and fading.Gerbera likes regular spraying of foliage, which can be produced from a spray bottle.
Proper care of a flowering plant includes feeding. It is necessary to buy special fertilizers for flowering plants. It is convenient to irrigate with liquid fertilizers that are pre-diluted in water. Top dressing is done once in 7 - 10 days. During the flowering period, you can not add too much fertilizer, otherwise it will lead to a reset inflorescences.
In general, care for the gerbera is easy. It is important to respect the "middle ground" in everything. The plant does not like too bright light, too abundant watering, too frequent feeding. Daily care does not take more than five minutes and even a child can.
Reproduction and transplanting gerberas
There are only three ways to reproduce gerberas at home. During this period, the care of a young plant plays a key role. Among the breeding methods are as follows:
- using seeds;
- division of the bush.
Breeding gerberas with seeds is the longest way. First you need to grow seedlings. At home, this process can be carried out on the balcony.Care during this period provides for regular watering. The growth process takes about 30 days, then young shoots are planted in flowerpots or in open ground. It is necessary to care for young plants in the same way as for older ones. Before their first flowering takes at least 10 months.
Adult plants at home can be seated. The age of such bushes must be at least 4 years old, otherwise there is a risk of ruining the flower. The main advantage of this method is the preservation of pure gerbera varieties. It is used to preserve valuable species of decorative flora.
Care also includes transplanting plants to renew the soil. This procedure must be performed every 2 - 3 years. Gerberas do not like too acidic soil, which must be considered when buying ready-made soil mixtures. In some cases, you can not completely change the soil, and pour a portion of the soil into the pot - this method allows you not to injure the root system and is well suited to novice growers.
Pests and plant diseases
If you properly care for the gerbera, then usually the plant does not have any diseases. But with excessive watering, or non-compliance with the rules of joint breeding of various types of decorative flora, such diseases as spider mite, whitefly and powdery mildew can be observed. In the latter case, be sure to remove all the affected leaves and treat the plant with a special chemical solution, for example, phytosporin.
A spider mite is a very unpleasant insect that can destroy a beautiful gerbera. Usually it is brought into the house with a new plant from the store, from which it is transferred to other plants. In this case, spraying gerberas helps, because the tick does not like excessive moisture. You can process the flower with special chemicals purchased from a specialty store.
Some flower growers claim that this helps the UV lamp, which must be turned on indoors for a while. Good prevention of spider mites is a quality soil from the store. You can not transplant plants in the soil, taken on the street.
The whitefly is one of the most dangerous insects for the gerbera. It lays the larvae and multiplies very quickly at home. The insect leaves waste products on the leaves, which lead to the fact that the leaves begin to turn black and wither. With such a disease, regular chemical treatment helps to cope, which is performed at least once a week.
Room gerbera is an incredibly beautiful, bright, sunny plant that pleases its owners with beautiful flowering throughout the winter. Caring for such a flower does not require close attention and time. The main thing - to observe the correct mode of illumination, to carry out moderate watering and maintain an optimal microclimate in the room.