How to care for the money tree?
The genus Crassula is a succulent plant of various shapes and sizes. Grow like thick bushes. In all these species, fleshy leaves are located on opposite sides. As a rule, the flowers of these succulents are imperceptible, but some species show magnificent flowering.
Crassula Argentea - indoor culture, probably the most common. It reaches a height of about 1.3 m and grows a bush. It has oval-round, shiny, red leaves at the edges. There are also variegated species - Crassula Ovata, Crassula Ovata "Variegata" - with yellow stripes on a gray-green background.
In winter, on old plants, star-shaped, white or pink flowers in the form of panicles can be seen.
Place for the money tree
Since the fat woman arrived from sunny Africa, therefore, a warm, sunny place is suitable for a pot with her. In an apartment with windows on the south side, she feels particularly comfortable.However, the bush must be protected from direct, bright sunlight coming through the curtain.
In summer, the money tree is sometimes planted in the soil. You can leave it on the balcony, but if it is cool at night or it is raining, it should be brought into the house.
In order for a fatty to develop, it needs a permeable substrate, for example, soil for a cactus or a mixture of soil, sand and gravel. Water supply should not be excessive, but the full drying of the ground should be avoided.
The optimal location of the money tree:
- warm, sunny place;
- protection from heat, cold and rain.
It is quite simple and easy for even beginners. There are two main options:
- The leaves of the plant. They break off and root around the mother plant on their own. Fleshy leaves can be planted directly into the soil, which should be air permeable, for example, in cacti mixes. Install the pot in a warm, sunny place. Then the first roots will form very quickly.
- To increase the number of money trees in the house will help cuttings. In the spring, they must be carefully separated from the bush, and then placed in a container filled with water.A small root system will form within about two weeks. Planting is carried out in a flower pot, filled with soil up to one third. Subsequently, the substrate replenish. Cuttings, like young leaves, thrive in a warm and bright place, protected from direct sunlight.
In the first few weeks, a young plant requires little additional nutrition. Special fertilizers for succulents in small doses are particularly well suited for this purpose.
Small and lightweight containers should be avoided, as powerful leaves grow quite far up and due to the small weight of the pot the plant can fall.
If the jade is in a warm place for a long time and is not exposed to sunlight, then the leaves lose their elasticity. Long shoots, still relatively fresh, can sink to the edge of the pot. This process is called etiolation.
With etiolation only sequential thinning of plants helps.If large money trees stand side by side, they must be planted or thinned so that sunlight falls on all parts.
After that, the tree will try to raise the leaves. Unnecessary branches can be cut. The rest should be joined together to form a crown - this will help make a beautiful composition. Shoots that grow incorrectly can be propped up to push them in the right direction. After some time, these branches adopt new rules for growth and supports are removed. Do not use wire, as it can grow into a branch.
After pruning a very good growth of the tree can be observed. Although the fat man is very beautiful in its splendor, it must be decided as to which shoots to remove and which to leave.
Is it worth cutting?
But to cut the money tree is necessary not only because of etiolation. It is also done to give the sweatshirt decoration in the form of various forms of crown. When trimming, some aspects should be considered:
- after pruning, the money tree becomes more compact;
- more shoots are formed, the crown is more dense;
- reduced flowering plants.
The money tree blooms only in summer in the open air, and in cold weather it should be brought into the house so that the flowers do not fall off due to temperature changes.
Watering should be moderate. A small amount of water during the growth phase is enough; you only need to moisten the base of the pot. It is important to prevent waterlogging, since too much moisture can cause root rot. In addition, care must be taken that the top layers of the soil between the irrigations are always dry. A small amount of water in the substrate is enough for the plant.
In the period of dormancy of the fatty from November to February it is important to ensure that there is no complete drying of the substrate in the pot. Water supply is irregular during this time.
The fat woman is a rather modest plant, it usually needs food only in the first weeks of life. Impaired fertilizers are suitable for cacti and other succulents in the form of liquid, granulated substances or rods. This is usually enough.
The concentration of fertilizer depends on the land. If the soil contains a lot of organic matter (humus), half the dose is recommended, which is indicated on the package.In mineral soils, the concentration may be greater.
An adult plant can be fertilized at certain times. In particular, during the peak growth period from March to October, nutrients are recommended in low concentrations that need to be added to the soil no more than once a month.
How does a fat woman winters?
Wintering plays an important role in plant development. If the fatty pot in the winter or spring is in a cool place, this has a positive effect on its flowering, because due to the difference in day and night temperatures, flower formation is stimulated.
If the money tree is in the garden, it can be left there to a temperature not lower than 7 ° C. The fat woman needs to be protected from frost, because the leaves die off already at 1 ° C. The plant can winter in the house. Then the temperature should fluctuate between 7 and 19 ° C.
Need to glance at the state of the substrate, wetted soil can lead to rotting of the roots. During the resting phase, the plant is watered very carefully.
Summer time for the money tree
During the warm season, the jerky must be kept protected from the scorching sun. Morning or daylight diffused light for the healthy growth of this plant is very useful.
Money trees, wintered in closed spaces, can not immediately be taken to the open air and bright light at the beginning of the warm season. Strong UV radiation can burn the leaves of the fatty. This problem can be identified by brown, irregular spots on the leaves. To prepare the bush for sunlight, it must be kept from 1 to 2 weeks in the shade or partial shade. A little sun in the morning or evening will be enough for the moment. After this period, you can place a money tree in a sunny place.
Pests - effective fight
The money tree can lower the leaves after the invasion of pests. If you see yellow sticky secretions, you can assume with great confidence that this is an infection. Usually weakened plants are affected. Especially the fleshy leaves of money trees like aphids, mealy and rootworms, spider mites and thrips.
To combat the dominance of aphids using special sticks, which are stuck in the ground. This is usually at the same time a combination of fertilizers.If the plant is watered, the active ingredients are absorbed and the pests that eat the poisonous leaves die. Leftovers can be removed with a cloth or cotton swab using water.
First aid for diseases
If the leaves fall, this is a sure sign of illness. In this case, the first thing you need to remember is whether the plant was in the light. Even in low light conditions it is necessary to ensure the passage of light towards the leaves. Artificial lighting can help here.
Due to waterlogging, the roots could rot, and they need to be cut off urgently. Therefore, if the shoots are soft, transplanting will be one of the solutions to the problem. And if all the parts of the bastard are soft, the tree is almost impossible to save.
In general, the money tree is an easy pet for both the living room and the office, since this plant is non-toxic and relatively undemanding. Caring for an earthenware at home is easy even for a beginner, because the tree requires very little water and is sufficiently resistant to the disease, and transplantation is rarely done.Sometimes it also pleases us with flowering, providing a good contrast with evergreen leaves.