How to get rid of black dots? Only proven funds
Before you learn how to get rid of black dots, you need to get a more detailed idea of what exactly they are, and what are the reasons for their appearance. Immediately it should be said: to remove the black dots forever is simply impossible, but there are effective ways that will help in time to deal with their formation and significantly improve the skin condition.
Black dots and their causes
On the human body, there are more than two million pores, some of which are on the face, where the black dots bother us most. In fact, it is time - this is the mouth of the hair follicle, which comes to the surface of the skin, and the sebaceous gland contained in it. In the normal state, the sebaceous glands, along with the sweat, help the excretory function of the skin, cool it and moisturize.
However, when dirt, dust, particles of dead skin get into the pores, and all this is also covered with sebum from above, that harmful black point is formed.Its scientific name is comedo, and it can be of two types: open and closed. Black dots belong specifically to the first type, when the tip of sebum in an open pore oxidizes and acquires a characteristic color. But closed comedones are white eels: if such a comedo is inflamed, it can turn into a purulent pimple, from which it will be much more difficult to get rid of.
What causes the formation of black dots:
- The second common cause of black spots is associated with insufficient skin cleansing. Everything that you do not wash away from it in time, like make-up or almost imperceptible road dust from the street, settles on your face and clogs up in pores, clogging them, creating comedones and even provoking inflammation.
- Wrong lifestyle and bad habits also play a role in increasing the activity of the sebaceous glands and clogging the pores: this includes smoking and unhealthy food - fried and fatty foods, and such a popular habit as touching your own face.You do not even notice how often you touch your face, and with what hands you do it, transferring all the bacteria there.
- And another reason contributing to the emergence of black dots is, on the contrary, excessive cleansing. The fact is that too often, washing and cleansing the skin with scrubs, lotions and tonics, you remove too much sebum, so the pores lose their protection against bacteria and begin to produce it more actively to recover.
How to get rid of black dots - basic methods
The most effective way that you need to follow constantly is the transition to a healthy lifestyle. You might be surprised, but if you properly care for your skin, pick up products, moisturize it, completely change your diet and get rid of bad habits, your skin will become smoother and cleaner for a long time.
The method that many of us resort to at home is a mechanical cleaning, in other words, squeezing the comedones with our hands. But this is a big mistake! After squeezing, scars may remain on your skin that will last for a long time, and besides that there is a great risk of infection on the skin.
In the extreme case, it is better to contact the beauty salon, where this service is provided by professionals with a competent approach to the procedure and sterile equipment. But remember that the effect of such cleansing will last only a couple of weeks, and the procedure itself is quite painful, and in the hands of inept specialists can harm your skin just as much as “self-activity”.
In beauty salons they offer other procedures for cleansing from nasty black points, for example, vacuum cleaning, various peels, ultrasound removal, ozone therapy, etc. They are aimed at dissolving comedones, lightening and narrowing of pores. Such procedures in many cases can improve the situation, but the effect is short-lived. In addition, they are expensive to repeat them too often, and after the procedure, the skin requires a long recovery.
Funds from the black dots in the form of masks and scrubs also help to get rid of open comedones, either pulling them out of the pores, or peeling and lightening. A wide range of such tools is presented in the shops of cosmetic products, but the reviews on them are ambiguous, including the lack of effect and even the appearance of allergic rashes.Therefore, we will not advise in this article cosmetics from the black points “from the store”, but we will tell you how to prepare them at home on your own and without harm to health.
How to remove black dots at home
One of the most effective tools in the fight against open comedones are all sorts of masks from black dots, so here are some recipes:
Hearing the question "how to get rid of black spots", experienced fighters with the problem advise to use masks made of clay - they perfectly tighten pores and pull out contamination, and also remove excess sebum. The most effective in the fight against black dots are white and black clay.
Application of clay is easy to master: dilute the powder in warm water or medicinal broth (from chamomile, calendula, hypericum, etc.) until a thick slurry is formed and apply a mask on problem areas or on the whole face, avoiding the area around the eyes and lips. Soak the mixture on the face before drying, while watching the facial expressions, do not laugh and do not talk, so that the skin does not move. Then gently wash off the mask with warm water, without stretching the skin excessively.
Clay masks from black spots dry the skin, so as a last step, be sure to apply a moisturizer on your face.
Activated carbon mask film
A good way of cleansing and narrowing the pores is a mask film based on activated carbon and gelatin, because coal is an excellent absorbent, and thanks to gelatin the mask will acquire the same film effect, which is then stripped off the face like a plaster and takes all the nastiness with it of your pores. But such a mask irritates the skin, as it is removed quite painfully, therefore, the owners of sensitive face need to be especially careful with it, and patients with rosacea should not use it at all.
- 1-2 tablets of activated carbon;
- 1 tsp gelatin;
- 1 tsp warm milk or water.
It is necessary to crush the coal to a dusty state and mix the powder obtained with gelatin diluted in warm water or milk. Next, heat the mixture in the microwave for 20 seconds, cool and densely apply to problem areas. Wait until it is completely dry - note that the mask film dries longer than the clay one - and carefully remove the film.You will see the result on the reverse side of the film - all the tops of comedones available for hatching will remain on it.
Mask of honey and lemon
This mask not only helps to get rid of black spots, dissolving them, but also to lighten their remnants, and at the same time help with lightening age spots and improving skin tone. To cook it, grate a quarter of lemon in a small grater and mix it thoroughly with a tablespoon of any honey. You can apply the mixture to the whole face: soak it for 15 minutes and wash it off, not forgetting to use a moisturizer.
Be careful: honey is an allergenic product, so first test the mask on a more invisible area of skin, for example, on the arm.
Yeast and Olive Oil Mask
And such a mask is great for oily and problem skin. See the recipe of its preparation in the video:Related article: What is the secret gelatin mask for skin and hair?
An excellent mask of crushed oat flakes will help to get rid of black dots and prevent the appearance of new ones. If you prefer cream masks, then you need to pound the flakes to a state of flour, and to get a scrub, oatmeal should make cereal.
If you have oily / combination skin, simply mix the mixture with warm water and apply a thick layer on your face and wash off when a feeling of tightness appears. For dry / sensitive skin, add almond, olive oil or cream to the mask.
The mask should not be made more often 1-2 times a week, but you can wash with oatmeal to get rid of comedones and carry out their prevention, you can at least every day. Dilute the water in the water, but do not keep it on the face for a long time, but massage the desired areas easily and rinse.
As you can see, to get rid of comedones and prevent their formation will help regular, but not excessive washing - in the morning and in the evening, the periodic use of cosmetic masks and a healthy lifestyle. Do not use old cosmetics, when you come home, always wash off makeup, do not touch your face with your hands, avoid using soap and alcohol. And, last but not least, find the right moisturizer for your skin type.
We hope our advice will help you get rid of this unpleasant problem. If you have proven ways to deal with black dots, we are waiting for your answers in the comments!See also: How to make handmade cosmetics with skin benefits?