How was the life of every Soviet schoolboy
Modern students - lucky. Briefcases and backpacks of various sizes and shapes are sold for them, bright felt-tip pens, funny pens, sharpeners in the form of animals and typewriters, and the school uniform itself can be made convenient and fashionable. In our childhood, everything was different. But childhood is childhood, and we rejoiced at what we had: notebooks, book covers, counting sticks, stencils ... And comparing them with modern school attributes, we remember them now with a smile.
1. Diary and blotter.
2. The notebooks were unpretentious, without drawings and inscriptions. On the reverse side were printed the rules of schoolchildren’s behavior, the multiplication table or, at worst, the words of the songs: “Soar up bonfires, blue nights”, “Victory Day”, “Eaglet”, “That is birch, now mountain ash”, “Where the Motherland begins” , Anthem of the USSR. The notebooks for some reason were dirty-sad colors: blue, pink, green, yellow. Until now, it's a mystery to me why there were no fields in the notebooks in the cell? They had to be drawn by themselves, and with a red pencil, and not necessarily a pen.
3For some time we wrote in ink: first with fountain pens, which we dipped in non-spill ink-pots (they stood on each desk, and dead midges always swam in them). No matter how careful the equilibrist is, you still could not avoid the blots on the desk or in the notebook. Later, feather sticks replaced the ever-flowing automatic ink pens (with pipettes and threaded). By the way, fountain pens could be found at the post office and in the savings banks in the late eighties, they filled in the receipts and wrote the texts of the telegrams.
The USSR Ministry of Education allowed using ballpoint pens only at the end of the 1970s. Of course, it was a breakthrough, all children of the immense Motherland breathed a sigh of relief. And only now you understand that the ink pen is expensive and stylish, and calligraphy is an art on which the Japanese, for example, still make good money.
In order not to wait for the ink to dry out, the page was blotted with a special leaf, which lay in each notebook, with a blotter. This is a completely wonderful item, gone into oblivion with ink pens. And what a good word is a blotter.
The pink, blue or lilac leaf was always written and painted, and in general there were a lot of uses for it: cool airplanes were made of blotters, because the paper was lighter, the cribs, and the New Year snowflakes were also excellent. And little girls or boys little notes! They silently fell into the "object of lamentation," unlike paper heavy leaves.
In boys, as a rule, this leaf was quickly used, and not quite for its intended purpose: it was chewed so that it could be launched into a neighbor (neighbor) through a straw. Unhappy modern children, what do they spit at each other?
4. School uniform
If you ask 40-year-old women what color they don’t like the most in clothes, 90% of them will answer: "Brown." This is due to the Soviet school uniform: a dress of eerie brown color and a black apron. I still shudder at the memory of the touch of this barbed clothes (the dress was sewn of coarse wool) to the body. And note, it was worn year-round: in the fall, winter and spring. It was cold in winter and hot in spring. What kind of hygiene can we talk about? I remember that at one time special tabs with cellophane were sold, which were sewn into the axillary region of the dresses, so that white salt stains from sweat would not show through.
To the brown dress it was supposed to wear a black apron and brown (black) bows - something else is a color combination! In the festive school outfit included a white apron, tights and bows.
5. In order to somehow diversify the boring form, mothers and grandmothers “came off” on collars and aprons: they were sewn from the finest lace, imported guipure, tied with hooks, invented styles of aprons with “wings”, with frills, etc. Sometimes there were simply masterpieces of sewing handmade. The girls tried to decorate school clothes as best they could: they pinned brooches, made appliqués from leather, sewed beads (though strict teachers forced all this splendor to be removed, they also measured the length of the dress from the knee to the hem - God forbid a millimeter higher than it should be according to the instructions of the Ministry of Education).
6. Some parents managed to get a “Baltic” shape according to the pull; it was a pleasant chocolate color and was sewn not from wool, but from some kind of soft material. In fairness, I note that the Soviet form was sewn in different styles: a pleated skirt, tucks, pleats, etc. were used. Still, we hated form,since it was canceled in the mid-80s ... Although now sometimes I look at old pictures and, comparing with the current school uniform, I think: maybe something was in those dresses with apron? Stylish and noble.
Collars had to be washed and stitched every week. This, of course, terribly strained, but from the height of the present mind I understand that it was a good cleanliness lesson for girls. How many 10-12-year-old girls can sew a button and wash their laundry?
But what was truly beautiful in those years was the dairy cakes in the canteen! Amber color, fragrant, crumbly! And very affordable for the price - only 8 kopecks.
8. Yes, there were also buns with jam, poppy seeds, cinnamon, muffins, sour cream and cheesecakes, but for some reason these cakes are remembered.
High school students flaunted with portfolios - black or red, and for primary school students were irreplaceable backpacks. They were made of stinky kozhzam, and the button-fastener in them immediately broke. But the knapsacks themselves were incredibly durable: they were rolled on ice slides, sitting or on their stomachs, they were fought, they were dumped into a heap after lessons, when it was urgent to assemble a team to play Cossack robbers. And they did, lived and served a whole year.
10. Czechoslovak pencils
It is now simple pencils (soft and hard) can be bought in any department of stationery, and then the Czechoslovak Koh-i-noor were considered the best pencils. They were brought from abroad or got to pull in a department store. They were made, by the way, from the California cedar (at least, earlier). How much did we spend while studying these yellow sticks with golden letters and golden pimpas at the tip!
11. Book Stand
Certainly, a handy thing, but very heavy. Especially for the student sitting in front - if he was spinning and interfered in the lesson, he would get a stand on his head along with a book.
12. Slide rule
I personally did not know how to use this gadget, but for many botanists in those years it was irreplaceable. In Soviet times, when there were no computers yet, and the first electronic calculators were a wonder, mathematical calculations were performed on it. The rulers were of different lengths (from 15 to 50-75 cm), the accuracy of calculations depended on it.
Using the ruler, you could add, subtract, multiply and divide, raise to the power and extract the root, calculate logarithms and work with trigonometric functions.They say that the accuracy of operations could reach 4-5 decimal places!
For me, all these manipulations with the ruler were very difficult, but it is impossible to overestimate its role in the lives of students of mathematics in those years. Recently I heard from one woman that her husband taught us how to use a slide rule to calculate the number of loops during knitting. “For me, even today this thing is indispensable in drawing up various proportions,” the woman is sure.
I do not like sharpeners, in childhood my father taught me to brilliantly sharpen a pencil with a blade or a sharp knife. There were few sharpeners in those days, and they, as a rule, were cruel. Until you achieve the “right” lead, the pencil will end, the only exception is a tabletop mechanical instrument for sharpening pencils.
14. Just a toy
What can you not find in the schoolbag of the schoolboy of all times and peoples! But today you will definitely not see such a ridiculous toy-toad, which was worn at breaks and in the after-dress.