Can I get rid of allergic rhinitis?
How to recognize allergic rhinitis
By this term is meant an IgE-mediated disease that develops as a result of a temporary or systematic effect of a stimulus on the body.
The symptoms of allergic rhinitis are similar to the symptoms of many colds, so the diagnosis is often not immediately.
After all, the patients themselves, and even many therapists write off prolonged rhinitis for a prolonged cold and persistently prescribe vasoconstrictor and antiviral drugs.
The condition of the patient is only getting worse. So, often this disease leads to the development of such complications as vasomotor rhinitis, and this is a more serious pathology.
The prevalence of rhinitis, triggered by allergies, will surprise anyone.
The number of people suffering from this disease is rapidly increasing, so its correct treatment is more important than ever.
The classification of this disease is quite wide.
So, depending on the time of occurrence of active symptoms emit such forms:
Seasonal or intermittent.
This form of allergic rhinitis develops due to the appearance of pollen from certain plants. Active symptoms usually pass on completion of their flowering.
Year-round or persistent.
This form is triggered by household allergens. The disease requires a thorough diagnosis and competent treatment. After all, the household disease often leads to the fact that vasomotor rhinitis develops.
The illness develops due to frequent contact with the allergen at work. Symptoms can occur only during work, subsiding at home. But such dynamics should not diminish the danger of illness.
Depending on the severity of the flow, 2 more forms are distinguished:
Symptomatic moderate. The patient experiences discomfort, but can breathe and does not lose performance.
- Medium heavy.
The symptoms of the disease are pronounced, it is difficult for the patient to breathe and work.
The patient is suffering from severe symptoms that prevent sleep at night, work and study.
With the development of allergic rhinitis, it is important to identify the disease in a timely manner and conduct a correct diagnosis.
Recognize this pathology can be on the following grounds:
In allergic nature, the color of the mucus is usually clear, and the consistency is liquid.
Nasal congestion, difficulty breathing.
Allergic, like vasomotor rhinitis, leads to dryness and the inability to fully breathe through the nose. At the same time, the effect of vasoconstrictor drops is short-term or completely absent.
Allergic rhinitis leads to severe irritation of the mucous membrane of the nasal sinuses, which causes itching and sneezing.
This is a characteristic sign of pathology in a child.
Syndrome of increased fatigue.
This symptom occurs in adults and children.
Often, on the background of chronic rhinitis, migraines appear. This is characteristic of this form of the disease as year-round rhinitis.
This symptom appears in the presence of severe illness and if year-round rhinitis.
Decrease or complete loss of sensitivity to odors.
This symptom also accompanies severe forms of the disease and vasomotor rhinitis.
If there is suspicion of allergic rhinitis, it is important to determine the type of illness and identify the source of the response of the body.
Therefore, depending on the severity with which the symptoms of the disease appear, and the frequency of manifestations, allergy tests for typical irritants are prescribed.
So, if the pathology is seasonal, then, first of all, they check for pollen of plants, the blooming of which falls on the beginning of active nasal secretions.
If the ailment is year-round, it is worth testing for dust, washing powder and other household allergens.
Features of therapy
Treatment of a runny nose with an allergic nature is similar to a system in accordance with which vasomotor type of nasal congestion is eliminated.
Given the complex nature of the disease, doctors offer only a comprehensive therapy.
So, the treatment consists of the following components:
Elimination of the allergen.
This is the only correct way to get rid of the disease, through which the unpleasant symptoms disappear. But this process is not always possible. For example, year-round rhinitis, triggered by the smallest particles of dust usually does not leave patients alone. After all, living in sterile rooms is almost impossible.
Patients are prescribed local and general treatment with various drugs. But medications do not always help. Therefore, it is important to combine several methods at once.
Help folk remedies.
These are various oils and fragrances. But these funds should be used with maximum caution, as it is not a fact that herbs and extracts will not provoke an increase in edema and even anaphylactic shock.
Each direction should be considered in more detail. After all, allergic and vasomotor rhinitis are diseases that have already become a real scourge of modern times.
Optimizing the environment or eliminating contact with the allergen
Today, an allergic reaction to various stimuli is observed in almost every child.
It is children who are more susceptible to reactions to various types of irritants, because their immune system is just beginning to form.
The modern world is replete with allergens: emissions from factories, dust with heavy particles. And the adults do not bypass the symptoms of this pathology.
Given the severity of allergic rhinitis and the fact that if the stimulus is too large, the disease can be fatal, doctors recommend taking a number of measures to optimize the environment in an apartment or house.
Thus, the treatment and prevention of disease necessarily include the following precautions:
- In the season of flowering trees is not worth it without an absolute need to open the window.
- Airing is best done for a short time and only on condition that the open opening is covered with a fine mesh. This rule is especially important if the child has rhinitis.
- The washed laundry should be dried indoors. Do not do this outdoors. After all, such a drying can be supplemented with a urticaria.
- When going outside, even a child should wear a panama hat, a hat and sunglasses. This will reduce the amount of open dermis and reduce the risk of allergens entering the house.
- Wet cleaning should be done daily. This rule applies to adults and children.
- It is worth buying floor and window filters. It is important that the cleaning element be carbon, because the mesh often does not trap the smallest particles and dust. This is especially important if the child is allergic.
If the patient is tormented by year-round rhinitis - it is important to take such measures:
- Wet cleaning should be carried out 2-3 times a day.
- Wash clothes with household soap or hypo-allergenic soap. Due to this, the symptoms will decrease.
- Do not have pets.
- Food must be hypoallergenic. Eliminate chocolate, caffeine, citrus fruits, pastries and the weight that contains dyes. Such a diet is beneficial for both the child and adults.
These rules are relevant both for people suffering from allergies, and for absolutely healthy people. Also, these measures help prevent the development of pathological responses to typical stimuli.
Allergic rhinitis, as well as vasomotor rhinitis, require complete treatment with various pharmaceutical preparations.
Doctors necessarily prescribe such funds:
This is Claritin and other medicines. These drugs reduce the immune response to the irritant, significantly reducing symptoms. But it should be borne in mind that the effect is temporary and, if not eliminating the cause of the pathology in a child or an adult, the signs will return again.
This drug is prescribed in the form of a local nasal spray. The tool effectively cleans mucous membranes and prevents the occurrence of repeated attacks. The drug is relevant for mild and moderate forms of the disease - when the symptoms are present, but not much aggravated.
Medications are administered intranasally. Among the abundance of drugs, doctors recommend Beclomethasone, Dipropionat, Budesonide. Consider: self-administration of glucocorticoids is very dangerous. These medicines are prescribed when the typical treatment of the disease is ineffective or if rhinitis is severe.
The drug is also prescribed in the form of a nasal spray. It is usually injected 3-4 times a day. There is a reduction in nasal congestion if treatment helps.
Of the prescribed, if rhinitis is vasomotor and allergic. But it should be borne in mind that these tools are addictive and if you use them often - the dose will have to be increased. This leads to severe complications. Remember, for a child it is worth applying drops or sprays appropriate for his age.These medicines are not a panacea. They only temporarily eliminate the symptoms without getting rid of allergies.
This is a complex of methods aimed at treating the response of the body to a stimulus. This technique is effective only if the allergen is identified.
Allergic and vasomotor rhinitis have similar symptoms and partially similar treatment. But it is worth remembering that in order to identify the disease and initiate therapy, it is important to turn to professionals.
The main thing is to identify the signs of the disease in time and take the necessary measures.
Folk methods to combat this disease
The use of various herbs and tinctures is actively criticized by the famous luminaries of medicine.
It is not surprising, because allergic rhinitis is a rather serious reaction, which suggests that the body is predisposed to more severe forms of response.
Therefore, attempts to eliminate it, as well as vasomotor rhinitis, by folk remedies are associated with a high risk to the patient's health.
The effectiveness of herbs is not denied. Just before applying them, it is imperative to make allergic tests, especially when it comes to a child.
Without this, you will easily aggravate the situation that could result in angioedema and death.
In the treatment of rhinitis folk remedies use these drugs:
Drops from aloe juice.
To prepare the product, it is worth squeezing out some juice from a freshly cut leaf of this plant and mix it with sea water purchased in a pharmacy for intranasal use. Mix ingredients and instill nose 3-4 times a day. This drug helps relieve symptoms and alleviate the condition.
What is the treatment of folk remedies without this popular component. It should be in 1 liter of water to dissolve 1 g of pharmacy mummy. The liquid should darken a little, lose transparency. Within 20 days you should drink 100 ml of this composition in the morning with a glass of milk.
Broth from the roots of raspberry.
For the manufacture of decoction useful 50 g of the rhizomes of the berries and 500 ml of pure water. Mix the ingredients and put on a slow fire. Boil the broth for 40 minutes. Take the drug should be three times a day for 2 tbsp. spoons. The term of use of the drug is not limited by the time frame. Typically, the broth in the treatment of rhinitis folk remedies drink until the termination of symptoms.
Purchase this substance at a pharmacy.It is necessary to use a mixture of milk and 1 drop of tar. Reception funds held on an empty stomach, half an hour before breakfast. Consider that you should daily increase the amount of active agent (tar) by 1 drop, bringing its content in milk to 12 drops.
Take a fresh plant, squeeze the liquid. Apply it should be 0.5 teaspoons three times a day. The term of therapy is not limited in time. Celery is usually taken until the active symptoms of rhinitis disappear or until the patient's condition is alleviated.
Please note that the main component of any treatment of allergic rhinitis is testing for the allergen that provoked the reaction.
Without this procedure, it is almost impossible to identify the stimulus and effectively get rid of the illness.
Treatment of allergic rhinitis is a complex and complex process that requires strict control by medical professionals. Therefore, noticing a prolonged runny nose, be sure to consult a doctor!