Legendary car: no single sedans
Legendary car models - it's not just. But at the same time, the legendary cars of the world are not only utilitarian family cars, but also vans with jeeps. Payload and throughput! No minivan will take one and a half tons of cargo or goods, as well as no sports car does not manifest itself on the roads. Here are the top 10 most legendary cars - among jeeps and vans - in our version, of course.
Volkswagen Transporter T1 & T2 - the cult "hippie-beads"
On the assembly line: 1950-2013
Feature: minibus №1
Feature: minibus №1
Another legendary car of the post-war era, unsurprisingly, was created by Volkswagen and Ferdinand Porsche personally. It would seem that it could be simpler: take the platform from the "Beetle", hang the body on it and turn it into a minibus! Transportation of small tonnage cargo or small groups of people immediately became much easier.
In principle, some kind of prototype of such machines used for internal needs of the plant in Wolfsburg. So far, in 1947, the Dutch dealer Ben Pont Sr. did not see them.The idea of putting the car on a conveyor and selling it to a small private business, in the first place, seemed very promising.
As a result, Mr. Pont drew a couple of sketches and convinced the management of the Volkswagen to put the plan into practice. In 1949, the first minibus was officially introduced, and from 1950 it was put on the conveyor. The main advantage: the cargo platform between the axles contributed to the perfect weight distribution. The resulting legendary car easily pulled almost a ton of cargo on board.
Then, over seventeen years on the assembly line, both a passenger version (eight people comfortably — easily!), An ambulance, and a police minibus were created. In 1967, he was succeeded by a successor (in Brazil it happened later - in 1975) - the second generation of the legendary car retained the familiar design and rear-engine layout, but was significantly upgraded.
New brake system, forced engine, enlarged panoramic windshield, optional "automatic" - all for people! Perhaps the second generation of the VW Transporter is a full-fledged legendary car, in Europe and the USA it has become a four-wheeled symbol of the hippie movement, and in the rest of the world it is a “workhorse” for various services: from transport to emergency.
And the most important fact: every two thirds of the minibuses produced in Germany were exported! The second generation of Transporters lasted on the assembly line in Europe for eleven years (1968-1979), but in Brazil this legendary car was assembled for nearly three and a half dozen years, ceasing production only in 2013, when the hippie-bus was trite failed modern crash test.
Ford Transit Mark I & II - from hard workers to burglars
On the conveyor: 1965-1986
Feature: Competition Begets Quality
Great Britain also actively tried to develop the segment of vans and minibuses, mainly commercial ones. Local Bedford was a strong player in the market, Ford tried to bite off its piece of cake with the Thames model, but the first truly legendary car, equally beloved by small shopkeepers and robbers going to a big deal, appeared on Foggy Albion in 1965 Ford Transit Mark I.
In fact, the first “Transits” appeared at Ford plants in Germany back in 1953, as an attempt to compete with the VW Transporter. The front-engine, front-wheel drive and centner more load-lifting “attempt” - however, not very successful.
But in 1965, a truly legendary car left the factory gate at Langley (and later - in Southampton and Genk, Belgium). Ford Transit I is a wide gauge, long and short base, a lot of modifications for different groups of consumers, unification of spare parts with other Ford models. Well, and carrying capacity of about one and a half tons - that's all the components of the best-selling minibus.
Thirteen years on the assembly line (1965-1978), the unofficial title of a “gangster van” (in 90% of UK robberies this particular “mikrik” was used) and a special forced police version with a three-liter V6 under the hood. This is glory!
The second generation Ford Transit II, using the same platform, stood on the conveyor belt a little less - from 1978 to 1986, being the restyling of the first “Transit” with an elongated nose section. But the charm in it was less, despite the improved finish, improvements on the chassis and new engines - in particular diesel, with a volume of two and a half liters.
But in a special medical and police version of a powerful three-liter V6 came as a native. Then came the third generation of the legendary car, the fourth, fifth, and, today, the sixth.With excellent technical characteristics, but they no longer have the charisma of the first “Transits”.
Chevy Van and GMC Vandura - American functionality
On the conveyor: 1971-1996
Feature: American Folk Van
Legendary cars in the USA are not only maslkars (about them were in the first part) and jeeps (and about SUVs - read below), but also cult minibuses. Rather, one iconic model, even if produced under different brands - Chevy Van or GMC Vandura, stood on the conveyor for exactly a quarter of a century!
The first generation of Chevy Van (1964-1966) was based on the platform of the Chevrolet Corvaire sedan and, in general, became quite successful: attention to the minibus form factor was attracted. The second generation (1967-1970) became longer, smoother in the contours, larger and more powerful in principle: if the first "wans" the 3.8-liter engine was installed optionally and on special order, then in the second version it became stock.
Well, in 1971, a real autobomb struck: a legendary car appeared in the USA - and it wasn’t the Mustang. The third generation of the minibus from General Motors became a hit one - the engine became even more powerful (from a 4.1-liter inline-six to a classic 5.7-liter V8), the chassis is even stronger, the body is more spacious and comfortable, but rather soft suspension and automatic transmission were offered by default.
A van for small and medium-sized businesses (from products to furniture), a regular and luxury minibus as an escort vehicle, an ambulance, a collector armored car, and even a hearse - Chevy Van could be seen in all these guises for a quarter of a century: from 1971 till 1996 And then the GMC Savana model, competing with the new Ford E-series, came to the fore.
Land Rover Defender - well cut and stitched
On the conveyor: 1983 - our days
Feature: asceticism and functionality
The legendary all-terrain vehicle, a real “British lion” - these definitions, of course, are a little more accurate to refer to the predecessor of the Land Rover Defender from the Land Rover Series model. One “but” is that machine, which technologically goes back to the iron soldier of the Second World War - the “Willis”, which was produced for three and a half decades (1948-1983), is still more likely just a vehicle with only maneuverability.
And the front-wheel-drive all-wheel drive Land Rover Defender is a full-fledged and most functional car! With doors, roof, glazing, stove and all other benefits of auto-civilization. Cute, albeit rectangular.
But at the same time, not lost its off-road properties.Yes, and on the track, this legendary car, too, clearly will not trail slow slow-moving turtle.
Of course, the luxury Range Rover offers an incomparably greater level of comfort. But on the basis of the Land Rover Defender prepared turbodiesel, a variety of tropical, polar and mountain expeditions are equipped (the car stopped at Elbrus!), It is his 90th or 110th, depending on the base - used as a trouble-free "workhorse" large and medium-sized corporations extracting minerals and using rich natural resources.
Simply put, if there is a budget for an unpretentious, like a Kalashnikov assault rifle, and a truly legendary car - you have to take it. To take until his new generation came out in 2016 - they say, already with a bias towards glamor, and not into brutalism. Ehhh ...
Jeep Wrangler - American “old school” spirit
On the conveyor: 1987 - present
Feature: old song in a new way
And about the direct descendants of the legendary "Willis". After the war, the US began to produce its civilian version of the Jeep CJ, which survived forty-two years on the assembly line (1944-1986) with a dozen modifications and four automakers owning the brand.
In principle, the CJ-5 model, which has been produced for almost three decades (1954-1983) and jumped over 600,000 cars (a total of CJ-5 and CJ-7 sold almost a million!), Can also be considered the first classic civilian jeep . But then came the Jeep Wrangler - without exaggeration, the legendary car for North and South America.
Three generations of the Wrangler (the last - since 2007) have already successfully passed over the million mark of sales, although with each succeeding, there is an opinion that the jeep is becoming more and more civil. First, the base lengthened and the safety cage appeared, then experiments with various engines began, and to top it it was stuck in a “automatic” box (already during the management of Chrysler).
But the dzhiperskaya subculture has not disappeared anywhere: in some rural areas of the United States, these SUVs were used as mail vans. Because it will travel everywhere. Well, or almost everywhere.
Mercedes-Benz Gelandewagen - Bundeswehr and marketing
On the conveyor: 1979 - our time
Feature: the first truly luxury jeep
Feature: the first truly luxury jeep
The first attempts of Mercedes-Benz to wipe the title of “king of off-road” were before the Second World War - for the Reich elite they built a three-axis model G4. Fully sending her to the troops was hampered by high cost: technologically, the machine was good, but they nevertheless made a bid for more affordable Kübelvagen.And only in 1979, also not without a beautiful legend, the first jeep with a three-beam star on the hood began to be assembled on the conveyor. Legendary car - both literally and figuratively.
Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, the shah of Iran and one of the company's shareholders, placed an order for a batch of twenty thousand off-road vehicles for his own army. But while the designers, designers, mechanics and managers worked on the wishes of the Iranian ruler, his regime fell trite.
And what to do with the order? It turned out to be a very decent jeep: driving off-road relatively quickly and comfortably, in all variations (three-door, five-door, van, and even a convertible!) - it was a sin to turn off. In general, the car went to the Bundeswehr.
Four years later, in 1983, cunning marketers not only sent “Gelika” to Paris-Dakar (the Belgian Jackie X eventually won it!), But also came up with selling the car in civilian performance. Moreover, the Brabus tuning studio began to radically alter a military jeep - into a luxury car! For example, Pope John Paul II for some time moved on “Papamobile” on the basis of precisely “helico”.
And later on big black jeeps - truly a legendary car! - moved businessmen, officials and the criminal element.And, it seems, more than one year will be moving - last year Gelik celebrated its 35th anniversary on the conveyor (and the number of cars made and sold, of course, exceeded one million mark).
Unpretentious Oise - "loaf" and "goat"
On the conveyor: 1965 - our days
Feature: 50th anniversary
Feature: 50th anniversary
Without the achievements of the Soviet automobile industry, the list of legendary cars would be incomplete. The all-wheel drive minibus UAZ-452, off the assembly line back in 1965, is popular in Russia today — especially in those areas where the road surface has problems or there are almost no normal public roads.
The legendary car was used almost everywhere and by everyone - from “ambulance” to exploration and taiga expeditions. And in 2011, the “loaf” finally received seat belts and an engine adapted to Euro-4 standards. It seems that Russia has decided that it is cheaper to modernize an all-wheel drive minibus than to build and improve roads.
Another legendary car can be called the UAZ-469 - a jeep so beloved by the military went off the assembly line for three decades - from 1972 to 2003, replacing another long-lived - twenty GAZ-69 (1952-1972).How sometimes they love to joke in Ulyanovsk, seven years later, in 1979, in Germany, they finally built a normal UAZ vehicle - what it was originally supposed to be (of course, this is a “helico”).
But the "goat" (the nickname of the Oise) was very popular not only in the army - in agriculture it in general became an irreplaceable, legendary car. It is a pity that for a relatively comfortable ride with him it was necessary to seriously tinker. In 2010, they decided to revive the production of the “goat” - at the same time they set a new Guinness record, accommodating 32 students of the circus school (a little symbolic, really).
VAZ-2121 "Niva" - from the Alps to Japan
On the conveyor: 1977 - our days
Feature: export to more than 100 countries
Feature: export to more than 100 countries
In Togliatti, not only replicas of the Italian Fiat were made, but they could independently develop a legendary car of their own design. Of course, an SUV - in the USSR, cars of this class felt at home! The idea is this: an all-wheel-drive car, but compact and with the comfort of a passenger car, all the more, units and assemblies at AvtoVAZ have done - apparently invisible!
In general, the designers drew a body with pleasant contours, and an 80-hp 1.6-liter engine with a gearbox and a rear axle gearbox was taken from the VAZ-2106.And the resulting car was literally tear and throw on the Soviet off-road.
Interesting fact: about a quarter of the more than two million Nivas produced were exported to more than 100 countries of the world! And the right-hand drive version came to taste to English farmers and Japanese jeepers - despite the Land Rover and the future Land Cruiser! The Soviet jeep enjoyed not weak popularity in the Austrian Alps, served in Antarctica (!), Conquered the North Pole and rose higher than 5,000 meters during the conquest of Elbrus and Everest!
And Niva, which has already been renamed Lada 4x4, is the only AvtoVAZ car brought under the Euro-3, Euro-4 and even Euro-5 standards! The legendary car of the USSR and Russia. The only negative: a terrible crash test by modern standards. Alas, almost forty years ago, security requirements were completely different.
Bonus: Japanese jeeps - the legendary models of cars Nissan and Toyota
Feature: on the conveyor - since 1951
The legendary car - and now also talking about the "Willis" - served as a source of inspiration for two Japanese automakers. Moreover, both Nissan and Toyota almost simultaneously - in 1951 - began the production, respectively, of their first-generation Patrol and BJ jeep.
The first version of “Patrol” lasted for 9 years on the conveyor, but the second generation (1959-1980) became a legendary car - perhaps the most recognizable Japanese jeep - and even a fire brigade car was made on its basis!
The third generation of the Nissan Patrol regularly served in the UN and UNICEF, and the current, sixth, already in the Guinness Book of Records as the most powerful tug: the Japanese jeep coped with a 170-ton aircraft!
But Toyota Land Cruiser became so called later - in 1954, after renaming the Toyota BJ (although in parallel, for five years, the BJ 20 series was produced). Naming was conceived in order to compete with the Land Rovers - and in 1960, since the launch of the Toyota Land Cruiser 40, the new name came in handy!
The 40th series was an absolute hit on the off-road market, having lasted on the company's main conveyor until 1984 (almost a quarter of a century!), And the model assembly in Brazil crossed the Millennium, stopping only in 2001 - on a very large seven-digit number of cars.
The pledge of popularity is in the freedom of choice: a short or long base, a wide range of gasoline and diesel engines (in the best of times, up to a dozen variations of the aggregates!), Cooperation with Mercedes-Benz and tremendous maneuverability.
However, the holy place is never empty: in 2003, the pretty FJ Cruiser came to replace the legendary car.