Sunday marked the 17th anniversary of the US war in Afghanistan.
Since the beginning of the eighteenth year, "Stars and Stripes"they recall key events of the war, which has already lasted for three presidents. The militant veterans now serve in Afghanistan with their sons and daughters, many of whom were too young to remember the September 11 attacks.
October 7, 2001
US troops invade Afghanistan after the Taliban refused to hand over al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden. The Taliban provided asylum to Bin Laden and other members of a terrorist organization in Afghanistan, from where they planned attacks on the US 9/11/2001. Other countries will soon join the Americans, and the Taliban will be removed from power in a matter of weeks.
January 4, 2002
First-class sergeant Nathan Ross Chapman, 31, becomes the first American soldier killed in Afghanistan after his convoy was ambushed in Khost province. The communications officer of the paramilitary CIA unit was posthumously awarded the Purple Heart and the Bronze Star.As of 2018, about 2,400 US troops were killed in Afghanistan, with a peak in 2010.
February 4, 2002
For the first time, the CIA uses the Predator drone in a mission strike. The blow was struck on purpose in the province of Paktia, near the city of Khost. Drone strikes will become a standard, albeit non-controversial practice under President Barack Obama.
August 11, 2003
NATO assumes the leadership of the International Security Assistance Force, with particular attention to helping the Afghan government provide effective protection so that terrorists cannot use the country again as a safe haven. The operation in Afghanistan was the first operation of the Alliance outside the Euro-Atlantic area. There are more than 10,000 troops in the country, but Washington’s attention was diverted to Iraq, and as a result, the Taliban was able to regroup and regain control of key areas of the country.
October 9, 2004
Hamid Karzai wins the first presidential election in Afghanistan, receiving more than 55 percent of the vote. During his first term, relations with Washington deteriorate, largely due to an increase in the number of civilian casualties caused by the American armed forces.
in 2009, Karzai will win a second five-year term in elections overshadowed by fraud and low voter turnout.
September 3, 2008
US special operations forces raid against Taliban forces located in the Pakistani border village of Angur Ada in South Waziristan. This is the first ground operation by US troops against the Taliban in Pakistan. Border clashes continue until 2012, which leads to a large number of casualties among Pakistanis, for which Secretary of State Hillary Clinton had to apologize. Pakistan is still accused of harboring Taliban militants on its territory, Islamabad denies these allegations.
December 1, 2009
Obama announces the dispatch of an additional 30,000 troops to Afghanistan. The total number of US military in the country reaches 100,000 and is close to the number requested by General Stanley McChrystal, US Commander in Afghanistan, who claims that if more troops are not deployed, the war is likely to be lost.
June 7, 2010
The war in Afghanistan lasts 104 months, which makes it the longest war in US history.It even exceeds the war in Vietnam, which, to be counted from the Tonkin resolution of 1964, lasted 103 months. Many critics have begun to compare Afghanistan with Vietnam, which Obama called "a false perusal of history."
June 23, 2010
Obama dismisses Stanley McChrystal after Rolling Stone magazine published his article in which the general criticized Obama for the civilian component of the Afghan strategic team. Obama said that the US policy in Afghanistan will not change, despite serious doubts on the part of both party members and international allies. McChrystal’s dismissal was the first time in nearly 60 years, when the US president directly intervened to remove the commander-in-chief in a combat zone for contempt of the White House.
May 2, 2011
Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden killed by US Navy special operations forces in Pakistan. During the raid, the Seals on unobtrusive helicopters at night reached the shelter of bin Laden Abbottabad and killed five people. This operation marks the end of a decade-long search for bin Laden, whose body was buried at sea.
February 21, 2012
General John Allen, commander-in-chief of the United States in Afghanistan, initiates an investigation into allegations that the Korans were burned at the American base in Afghanistan.A NATO spokeswoman says the books were burned by mistake. As a result of mass protests of Afghans, Allen announces that all foreign troops in the country will be trained on how to identify, store and handle religious materials.
June 18, 2013
The Taliban officially opened a representative office in Qatar to promote peace negotiations, but problems arose because of the symbols and the flag placed on the building. The scandal prompts Karzai to abandon the peace talks. The United States declares that an end to the conflict is possible only through political means. After this incident, several more attempts were made to bring the Taliban to the negotiating table.
May 31, 2014
The US Army Sergeant, Bow Bergdal, who was the only US military prisoner in Afghanistan, was released in exchange for the five Taliban held at Guantanamo. Bergdal, who pleaded a deserter, left the location of his platoon in the province of Paktika on June 30, 2009, and was soon captured by enemy forces.
US military men risked their lives looking for it in the following weeks. Obama defends the controversial exchange, recognizingthat the liberated militants may again try to harm the US, but “we still return the American soldier if he is captured. Point".
December 28, 2014
The coalition’s hostilities in Afghanistan are ending, the International Security Assistance Force completes its mission, and Operation Resolute Support begins. This leads to a deterioration of the security situation, since the Afghan armed forces are not able to provide an adequate level of protection.
April 18, 2015
ISIS makes its first attack in Afghanistan - a suicide bomber in Jalalabad killed 30 and wounded 100 people. The terrorist organization will take responsibility for many deadly attacks throughout the country, including in Kabul, and, despite the joint efforts of the Afghan and American armed forces, it is still committing terrorist attacks.
September 28, 2015
The Taliban captures the city of Kunduz, the first major population center since the start of the war. The United States receives a request for air support, and on October 3, it attacks the international hospital, killing 42 people. General John Nicholson, the new commander in chief of US forces in Afghanistan, will later apologize for the bombing.
January 20, 2017
Trump becomes the third president to lead this war.
When tramping, there is a surge in the intensity of air strikes; in April, the Mother of All Bombs, the largest non-nuclear bomb ever used by the United States, is used. In August, Trump presents his strategy, which has no clear timetable and confirms the US involvement in the conflict for an indefinite period.
June 7, 2018
Afghan President Ashraf Ghani offers the Taliban a cease-fire without any conditions before the Islamic holiday, which lasts two weeks. A few days later, the Taliban announce a cease-fire on their part, and formally observe it for about three days. The rebels have continued to control or challenge more of the country than ever since the invasion in 2001.