Mission to mars
The primary task of the expedition is to build a human settlement on Mars.
The Dutch organization has developed a project in which a team of volunteers will be formed by 2015. They will undergo thorough training, preparing them for space travel, scheduled for 2024. At the same time, the components of the future elements of the settlement on the transport ship will go to Mars, where special rovers will install and prepare them for operation.
One of the candidates to conquerors of Mars - 24-year-old Heidi Beamer
Of the two hundred thousand who wish to participate in the program "Mission to Mars" were selected 417 men and 287 women, representatives of 99 countries. The organizers did not set the task to gather the best scientists and professionals in medicine, geology and other fields of knowledge. “Rather, they seek to find those who are able to live for a long time in a“ tin can ”in a company with a bunch of other people,” shared Heidi.
One of the main questions about the trip: "why?"
The dream of interplanetary travel settled in Heidi’s heart on the day when her father showed her a panorama of Mars, taken by the Mars Pathfinder rover.Impressed, she hurried to put in order all her knowledge in the field of chemistry and biology, not forgetting about the leadership experience gained in the army and while participating in research of Martian conditions in the desert. Since then, Beemer has not missed the opportunity to take part in any experimental field activity related to space.
“Going to Mars is inspired by the desire to answer a lot of questions facing modern science. Most of them cannot be solved simply by sending robots into space, ”explains the brave researcher.
Difficult trials begin on Earth
Training includes a seven-month hike. The equipment included in the equipment is a set of freeze-dried products similar to the standard nutrition of astronauts, and the shower in such conditions is replaced by wet wipes. In order to get used to the upcoming difficulties the testers constantly accompany the noise of engines. In addition, to maintain muscle mass, they perform daily three-hour exercise cycles.
Going on an expedition, its participants will have to say goodbye to their families, friends and home planet.
Travelers will be able to communicate with their relatives, however communication will be carried out with a 20-minute delay. The Heidi family is concerned about the future separation, however, according to the girl, her relatives, knowing her, were not greatly surprised by the news of her participation in the selection for the project.
No return road
The permanent nature of the space settlement is mainly due to the fact that it has not yet found a way to go back. In addition, given the unpredictable health risks, returning to Earth may simply be physically harmful. The study of the body's long stay in zero gravity has not been fully studied, and besides this, travelers still have to shift the shift of several gravitational modes, including the Martian one, which is only one third of the earthly (multiply by 0.38 to calculate your weight by Mars standards). Scientists believe that it is more expedient to give human organisms to eventually adapt to the gravity of one planet, rather than subject them to constant changes in the surrounding force of gravity.
Scientists are looking for a way to bring travelers from Mars to Earth
NASA says it is going to find a suitable method for returning expedition members to their home planet by 2030. Scientists have developed a fairly well-designed procedure for landing on Mars, but so far not a single take-off from its surface has been made.
Interplanetary flight threatens with serious radiation exposure
Radiation from solar flares contains an amount of energy equivalent to the detonation of a billion megatons of TNT. Earthlings are protected by radiation from the atmosphere of the planet, but in space, the crew of the expedition will have to huddle in a specialized compartment of the spacecraft. Returning to the topic of the return journey - the threat of re-exposure to harmful rays also reduces the chances of going home.
Mars Settlement will be ready by the time of the arrival of the research team.
Several spacecraft will pre-deliver to the planet everything that is necessary for the members of the expedition: a communications satellite, rovers, inflatable dwellings, provisions and solar panels. Two rovers during landing are activated, after which they will undertake the task of finding a suitable site and installing equipment there.
What will people breathe on Mars?
A specially developed life support mechanism designed to maximize the use of Martian resources will extract water by melting ice in the ground. Water condensate coming from heated soil is supposed to be partially saved, using part of it to create oxygen. Since a person needs 80% of nitrogen in an air mixture for breathing, nitrogen and argon extracted from the atmosphere, along with oxygen, will flow into the dwelling premises through a special pipeline.
The first to land four astronauts on Mars
After the first landing, another group of participants will arrive every two years. The cost of each such flight is estimated at 4 billion dollars. Passed through years of persistent training, members of the expedition must be ready to live in cramped spaces that do not have much comfort.
“During training, I even learned to enjoy being in such conditions,” says Beemer, “I manage to feel safe doing various tasks, I got used to and became addicted to them.”
Project participants should be as prepared as possible for any kind of sudden need. Researchers may be required to repair any installations in their settlement, grow crops in confined areas and provide medical care, including dental procedures, as well as work with muscle sprains and bone fractures.
Questions solved during the expedition may be useful for earthlings.
“The most remarkable thing about space exploration is that not only space science benefits from it,” says Heidi.
Mobile phones, magnetic resonance imagers and many other inventions were unexpected consequences of space exploration.