Modern non-fiction, what is it: one-time reading or serious literature?
When "tear" love stories andexciting detectives, chilling mystical novels and fantastic stories bored, comes the time of literature non-fiction. What kind of genre, the popularity of which, according to the information of book publishers, is growing every year? What are his features and for whom he is interesting? We will try to answer all the questions posed in this article.
Genre literature: what is it?
The most general classification of all literature isits division into artistic and all the rest - non-fiction (non-fiction). In works such as novels, novels, plays, stories, attributed to fiction, there are necessarily fictional characters and a contrived plot. They are poetic and prosaic. In turn, all literary works are subdivided into categories such as intellectual prose and genre literature.
Unlike artistic, non-fiction, literature does not use fictional stories, stories and characters, and it is presented:
- memoirs and other forms.
What is non-fiction?
Let's look at the definition of non-fiction, what is itsuch. As already mentioned, there are no fictitious events and facts in such literature, since it is an artistic and journalistic literary genre in which the author, through the prism of his aesthetic, ethical and imaginative perception, documents and realizes facts, presents characters and events. Since this is literature, that is, the art of owning a word, the writer uses the compositional organization of the text and various techniques for revealing the images presented in the work. Thus, non-fiction is literary creativity, rigidly tied to concrete and real facts of life.
When did non-fiction appear?
In most sources, the time of appearancethe very term "non-fiction" and the first work attributed to this genre, is considered to be 1965, when the book "The Cold Murder" by Truman Capote was published. Concerning when the term appeared, we will not argue, but here, as they are today called, travelologists, or travel notes (such as Radishchev's "Travels from St. Petersburg to Moscow", "Frigate Pallada" by IA Goncharov or Herzen "Past and Thoughts") were created long before the second half of the XX century. That's just reading them, we did not know that this is the best Russian non-fiction books!
We will not argue, but let's name a few modernclassics of this genre. First of all, we should mention Stephen Hawking, one of the most famous modern theoretical physicists. Thanks to his books in the genre of scientific non-fiction, most of the earthlings learned about the black holes and their properties.
Capote with "Cold Murder" is consideredclassic of the novel-reportage. Thomas Wolfe, with the research books "The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test" and "The Kandy-Kolored Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby" that were sensational in the second half of the last century, created a new line of experimental and research documentary prose.
Types of non-fiction
Answering the question about whether non-fiction is what it issuch, it is important to remember about its versatility, since it is not only a variety of popular science and reference literature, it also includes descriptions of countries and cities, travelers' notes, journalism and essays. The works of this genre can be entertaining to tell about rather complicated things, for example, in the Soviet book series "Eureka" more than 300 books were published, accessible and interestingly narrating about various sciences and their history. Others, such as, for example, the books "Glass" by N. Kachalov or "Medicine from Boredom, or Ice Cream History" by I. Bogdanov, can be devoted to scientific research of the most ordinary and familiar things for us.
The non-fiction genre, located at the intersection of journalism and fiction, has several classifications, but we will consider the one that is usually used in the book publishing "kitchen":
- biographies and memoirs;
- documentary chronicles;
- travel notes (travel agents);
- Scientific research;
- self-instruction manuals;
- technical documentation.
The recent trend is electronic non-fiction publications, which allow you to quickly obtain the information you are interested in.
Features of the genre
We have touched, however, slightly superficially, the features of the genre of non-fiction. What it is? Briefly enumerate the main characteristics:
- the absence of fictional subjects and heroes;
- the story of the events goes through the personal perception of the author;
- the use of various artistic and dramatic techniques;
- the composition of the composition of the work according to the dramatic principle "scene after scene".
Who is it publishing?
In Soviet times, there were quite a fewpopular scientific and journalistic literature, memoirs and biographies. Suffice it to recall such wonderful series of books as ZHZL - "The Life of Remarkable People" (Young Guard Publishing House), History of Science and Technology, Pages of the History of Our Motherland, and Kvant Library (Nauka Publishers).Today it is difficult to name any majorRussian publishing house, non-fiction not publishing. One of the leaders of the Russian market of "factual" literature - the publishing house "UFO" - publishes books in the genre of living history, grouping them into the series "Culture of Everyday Life", and in the "Exmo" series "Biographies of the Great. Unexpected foreshortening "," Memoirs - XXI century "," Women of the Silver Age ". "AST-Press" publishes the series "Science and Peace", self-tutors "Languages without Borders", the publishing house "Kuchkovo Field" publishes memoirs, and the company "Kolibri" - a series of "Things in themselves", books that tell about the simplest things , such as salt and others. "Ajax-press" publishes a series of guidebooks "Instructions for use".