Polyphosphate filter: description, characteristics, types and reviews
Tap water in each region has its ownstiffness index. And the softer the water, the less scum remains on the heating elements of household appliances, such as an electric kettle, a washing machine, a boiler for heating, etc. To reduce the amount of nitrates and prolong the life of expensive equipment, it is recommended to use special protective systems. Popular fighters against the formation of scale and other chemical deposits on important elements and components of water heating equipment are polyphosphate filters. According to experts, the technique, which is used in conjunction with cleaning devices, requires repair much less often than devices that use untreated tap water in their operation.
Purpose and application
First of all, it should be noted thatPolyphosphate filters are used universally and are readily available for purchase. The most important thing is that, apart from the periodic replacement of the crystals themselves, additional maintenance of the device is not required. The device reduces the rate of scale formation, thereby preventing the breakdown of components and heating elements, often the cause of malfunction which is the formed scale.
Polyphosphate filter for the boiler, according to users, is the most affordable option for cleaning water and extending the life of equipment.
What the structure consists of
The polyphosphate filter itself has a simple structure:
- The main flask.
The whole process begins with the flow of water throughcover, and passing the filtration, it goes through the drain and falls into the water heater. Before you buy a filter, it is important to clearly understand which device will be used for the future. Since there is a separate modification for each device. Today's models can contain both granular filler and powder.
Principle of operation
Unfortunately, in many regions of our countryUse tap water in its original form is not possible. Often in its composition, the content of heavy metals and phosphates is exceeded. To maintain the health of consumers, the water is multilevel cleaned. Speaking about the index of water hardness, it is worth noting that it does not cause any harm to humans. But for technical devices, water, an index of rigidity which is too high, can become a fatal cause of breakdown.
When water enters a polyphosphate filter, itpasses through the filler - sodium salt. Polyphosphates instantly begin to replace each other, enveloping hard salts, as a result of which the process of formation of scale is slowed down.
The modern market provides consumersa huge selection of water treatment devices. The filler can either be poured into a separate capsule, through which water will pass, and be stored in a technical device itself.
By design, cleaning systems are divided into:
Installing the filter
Not always with water heaterthe consumer acquires and installs a purification system. Often a water heater, a boiler, a washing machine or a dishwasher is used without additional filtration of incoming water. Therefore, after purchasing a polyphosphate filter and installing it, it is necessary to clean the heating elements with the help of special chemical compounds.
As cleaning agents forwater heater or boiler are suitable non-abrasive solutions that are purchased together with washing liquids and connected to the heat exchanger. Under the influence of high temperatures, the reagent starts to act and exerts a destructive effect on the scale. After the liquid must be drained, flush the device and heat exchanger, and disconnect the design from the heater.
After the installation of thecleaning device. The method is determined depending on the type of device with which the system is used. For example, a polyphosphate filter for a washing machine is fixed to a filling hose. The same system is also used for water purification for boilers. Due to the small size and simple device, polyphosphate filters, according to users, are installed quite easily. Maintenance them also does not require special knowledge and skills, it is enough to change filler in time. You can buy it in specialized stores.
Polyphosphate filter for the boiler and washing machine is recognized as the best and most budget option for preventing scale formation, thanks to:
- Simple installation.
- Small size.
- Easy maintenance.
- Quality fillers.
Disadvantages of use
If we talk about polyphosphates, whichare used to protect the washing machine, in this case there are some disadvantages. When choosing too low-cost models, one must pay attention to the decline in water quality and the absorption of a large number of resources. As a rule, without additional cartridge replacement the maximum period of operation is about six months. The film, which is formed during the chemical reaction, dissolves rapidly under the influence of hot water. Accordingly, when choosing a washing mode, water heating should not be more than 55 degrees.
It is also worth taking into account the fact thatactive use of a polyphosphate filter on the sides can form deposits of calcium and other salts. Unfortunately, getting rid of them is not so simple. Leaving them on the surface of the boiler or washing machine is also not recommended, because if the layer becomes too large, this will negatively affect the operation of the device. It is also important to note that polyphosphate filters for water with a large accumulator and salt content can in no case be used for cleaning potable water or prolonged contact with the skin.
Is the filter harmful to health?
It is important to understand that the water that is cleaned with such a filter becomes technical, and it can not be consumed for drinking or cooking.
Talking about how harmful such a filter is forhealth, you can say one thing: for direct use it is not desirable to use it, since it is a chemical reagent, therefore, it is simply impossible to drink water from such a filter. However, if you lower your hands into it if necessary, then a chemical burn will not occur due to a small concentration.
To ensure maximum protectionexpensive equipment, it is periodically recommended to check the amount of reagent. If less than half is left, it is best to completely replace the composition. Otherwise, the degree of protection begins to weaken.
When consulting a specialist, you cansay that to ensure safe operation it is best to use a powder reagent. It actively fights not only with the formation of scale, but also with corrosion, which often affects heating elements. If the area of the lesion becomes too large, this may lead to the need for a complete replacement of the heating elements of the machinery.
Polyphosphate filters are the best optionto protect household appliances from scale. They are affordable and easy to install. Replacement of filler, as a rule, is carried out not more often than once in six months.