Population of Omsk region: number, ethnic composition, population census
The population of the Omsk region todayis almost two million people. To be precise, there are 1 million 972 thousand 682 people. This is the data for 2017. This is a large Siberian region, which in recent years has been able to overcome the tendency to a steady decrease in the number of inhabitants. The number of Omsk citizens in the last few years has begun to increase.
The population of the Omsk region in the past few years has been decreasing year by year. The region experienced an outflow of residents in the region and the republic with a more favorable climate and economic situation.
The region is in the south-west of Siberia. The largest city is Omsk, in which there are a little more than a million 100 thousand people.
The main production in the region isconstruction and trade. The industry is represented by military and agricultural machinery, petrochemical and food industries. There are no large energy facilities in the region.
During the Soviet Union, especially in the 1970syears, the Omsk region was one of the most developed Siberian regions. In the decline in which the region is today, many accuse its governor, Leonid Polezhaev, who led the region from 1991 to 2012.
Experts note that the real sector of the economy is in bad shape. One of the reasons is a large outflow of qualified specialists to Tyumen and Novosibirsk, located nearby.
Today, the Omsk region is developing clustered. At the same time, it does not have the prerequisites for a sharp rise, but it can succeed due to the comprehensive development of the whole of Siberia. Its key assets are land, engineering and petrochemical production.
Area of the region
The area of the Omsk region is more than 141 thousand square kilometers. This is almost 1 percent of the entire country.
For this indicator, the region to whichthis article, takes 28th place in the country. Between the Republic of Bashkortostan and the Orenburg region. If you take into account only the Siberian Federal District, then the Omsk region occupies the 8th place in the area, behind the Krasnoyarsk, Altai and Transbaikalian regions, Irkutsk, Tomsk and Novosibirsk regions, the republics of Buryatia and Tyva.
The population of the Omsk region in 1959 wasone million 645 thousand people. Such data are given by the All-Union Population Census. This is the first fairly accurate statistical information available for this region.
Further, the population of the Omsk regionsystematically increased. By 1987, it exceeded the mark of two million people. The maximum mark was reached in 1993. Then in the Omsk region lived two million and almost 169 thousand people. After that, the number of residents began to decline every year. In 2010, the region's population was less than two million people.
It was recently possible to correct this situation. Only in 2015. The census of the population of the Omsk region showed that for the first time in 12 years there was growth in the region, and not a decrease in the number of inhabitants. Over the next two years, the population of the Omsk region is insignificant, but increased. In 2017, there was again a slight decline.
Districts of Omsk region
In the Omsk region there are 32 districts. The largest are the Omsk, Tarsky and Tavrichesky districts.
The population of the Omsk region is more than 100thousand people, an administrative center in the village of Rostovka. About 45 thousand people live in the Tarsky district (the administrative center in the city of Tara), and in Tavrichesky - about 36 thousand people (the administrative center in the working village of Tavricheskoe).
A separate mention requires the village of ZnamenskoeOmsk region. This is the center of the Znamensky district. Several large Siberian rivers - Irtysh, Osh, Big Aev, Big Nyagov and Shish - concentrated in it at once.
Znamenskoe village of the Omsk region is a vivid examplean endangered settlement. If before the Great Patriotic War almost 40 thousand people lived in the region, today there are about 11,500 of them left. At the same time in Znamenskoe live a little more than 5 thousand people.
The national composition of the Omsk region is veryvarious. There are 35 nationalities in the region. Most of all on the territory of the region lives Russian. Their number is 85% of the total number of inhabitants of the region.
In all regions of the Omsk Region, the Russian populationis represented in the absolute majority. In some, this figure exceeds 90%. The fewest Russians live in Pavlograd district - only 52%. 24% of Ukrainians and 16% of Kazakhs also live here.
The Chuvash population of the Omsk region is included in thethe ten largest diasporas in the region. According to the last census of the population, more than three thousand Chuvashes live in this Siberian region. Also among the ten largest nationalities are, in addition to Russians, Ukrainians, Kazakhs, Germans, Tatars, Armenians, Byelorussians, Azerbaijanis and Uzbeks.
On the territory of the region there are also such rare nationalities as the Finns (about 200 people), the Greeks (about 500 people) and the Chinese - almost 800 inhabitants.
Since in the region the vast majority of residentsRussians and Ukrainians, then Orthodoxy is the dominant religion. On the territory of the Omsk region there are several popular places among Christian pilgrims.
The Acharya women's monastery stands apart,founded in 1890. The quiet life of the monastery was broken by the arrival of Soviet power. On the territory of the monastery, one of the colonies of the Gulag was founded. It contained up to a thousand people at a time. Prisoners did not even have to shoot. They simply died from unbearable conditions, hunger and cold.
In the village of Bolshekulachye is located St. Nicholasthe monastery. The first temple in these places appeared in the middle of the XVIII century. At the beginning of the 20th century a stone church was built. But it was destroyed almost immediately after the victory of the October Revolution. Rehabilitate the building for the monastery took in 1988. The work was completed in the mid-90's. Today it is one of the most revered Orthodox sanctuaries in the temple. In it one can see and worship the icons and the Life-giving Theotokos.
In Marjanovsky district in the villageSt. Tatyana St. Acts today St. Seraphim's Monastery. According to legend, which is popular until now, it was founded by Mother Varvara. She went to live in the woods, lived in a dugout and prayed ceaselessly. The first, the wooden part of the temple, she built herself. It was later occupied by a chapel.
Resettlement of Omsk residents
The entire population of the region is divided into 6 cities, 21 workers' settlements and rural settlements. The last is more than one and a half thousand.
In the capital of the region, the city of Omsk, constantlylive more than 55% of the population of this Siberian region. In this region, this is the highest concentration of residents in the regional center, compared to all other areas.
Most of the settlements are located along keytransport networks. This is primarily the Trans-Siberian Railway, which pierces the region from west to east, as well as the great Irtysh River for these places, which flows from the south to the north. Thus, it turns out a kind of transport cross. He, by the way, is depicted on the coat of arms of the region.
Fertility and mortality
To fix such indicator, as birth rate, inOmsk region began in 1970. Then for every thousand inhabitants almost 16 newborns were born. This indicator grew until 1985, when it was almost 20 babies per thousand inhabitants. Then he began to fall sharply. By 2001, only 8.5 new citizens were born for a thousand Omsk citizens.
If we talk about mortality rates, then theytirelessly grew since 1970. With almost 8 deaths per thousand inhabitants to 15.5 in 2005. Only in recent years, these statistics have been able to stabilize. And mortality, albeit at a small pace, but falls. According to the latest data, a little more than 13 people die each thousand inhabitants of the Omsk region each year.
Life expectancy in the region was first recorded in 1990. Then it was almost 70 years. Until 1994, life expectancy declined sharply, reaching about 65 and a half years.
Since the mid-90's it began to grow again. In recent years, there has been an increasing trend towards an increase in the average life expectancy in the Omsk Region. According to recent data, this figure is almost 70 years. The same was in 1990, when statistics only started to lead.
Today, the Omsk region experiences certain problems with population growth, since the number of people leaving the region exceeds those who choose Omsk as their new place of life.