Productive restoration of Windows file system
The main device on which data is storedyour computer - a hard drive, or a hard drive. Providing the direct location of data on the hard drive depends on its storage structure of files or directories. Often, if the system crashes or interferes with its operation, files are damaged, without which some programs and applications will not work correctly or will not work at all. In this case, you need to restore the file system responsible for the correct operation in general.
No matter how many say that the OS windows xp andwindows 2000 are pretty reliable and proven for years, yet they are also prone to failure. Of course, in comparison with previous versions of OS, they are better. Loss of data happens, but much less often. Together with the lost operating system, access to programs is lost. For the system to work again in the previous mode, you will need to restore the system files.
First, you need to analyze the situation.If possible, find out what caused the failure and what should be done. After clarifying the situation, it is possible to proceed to the planned actions, using specially prepared programs prepared in advance.
Often a system crash occurs when you update a device or drivers. The driver is the same program, and, as you know, programs can contain errors.
When booting the operating system most oftenthere are file system registry failures, corruption or complete removal of important, if not the main, files of the system. This happens in the event that:
- Faulty or incompatible services, drivers, removal of services necessary for the proper operation or their damage were installed.
- The system files have been deleted.
- The hard disk is out of order.
- Wrong data were created in the registry.
- Access to the% systemroot% folder is restricted, or the rights are incorrectly set.
Restoring the file system can beexecuted using the standard tools included in the distribution of the operating system, as well as with the help of third-party utilities. It will be about regular programs that do not require additional purchases or downloads.
For Windows 2000, you need to create a diskdisaster recovery. To do this, go to the "start" menu and then go along the chain: all programs, standard, utility programs, and go to the archiving of data. We press "emergency recovery of disks". Next, following the instructions, insert the formatted blank diskette, and put the daw in the item with the inscription "register to archive to the recovery folder". As a result, there will be three files on the floppy disk: config.nt, autoexec.nt, setup.log. The% systemroot% directory will already contain the Repair folder with copies of the files that are backed up in the registry.
For XP OS, you can use automaticrecovery system (ASR). This is a more powerful tool, similar to ERD. What is good about this remedy? It allows the use of high-capacity media, for example, CD-R / RW, allowing you to create a copy of the entire operating system.
Now start the recovery of the Windows 2000 file system using the emergency recovery disk.
- Start the installation;
- Correction of the damaged configuration;
- Exit without changes.
First you need to fix the system.You can do this through disaster recovery and through the console. We correct it through the emergency restoration in the manual mode. So calm, you control everything. Next, set the mode of operation. They are, as a rule, three:
- Analysis (checked and, if necessary, correct important files of the system).
- Checking the system files (fix files in the root directory)
- Checking and analyzing the boot sector.
After selecting the desired item, click the "Continue" button.If you have two Windows 2000 systems, for example, English and Russian versions, you must specify the Repair directory, and apply the required rescue recovery disk.
Restoring the Windows XP file system is slightly different from Windows 2000.