Prosthetics of teeth on implants: strength and comfort
The absence of even one tooth is a discomfort in terms of aesthetics and the ability to fully chew. And if the loss is several times greater, up to full adentia, then the violation of diction, a change in the symmetry of the face, and difficulty with digestion are added to the problems.
Prosthetics helps restore aesthetics and functionality, but not every patient is satisfied with a false jaw. With the advent of implants, fixed prostheses are installed, even when there are no teeth left. Now it is possible to choose the optimal prosthesis option for the patient.
What is a dental implant
Implantation is, in fact, a type of fixed prosthetics. In the jaw implanted rod of titanium alloy, which is worn on the connecting element - abutment. Titanium is a biocompatible material, therefore in 3–6 months complete osseointegration occurs. After that, the crown or other prostheses are put on the implant.
An artificial tooth, unlike a natural one, is physiologically immobile, therefore, in terms of support, the prosthesis fits even better than the patient's “native” tooth. Implantation is a universal method that is used in the absence of one, several or a whole range of teeth.
What dentures are installed on implanted pins
Prosthetics on implants with partial edentulous involves the installation of fixed structures: bridges or crowns. The first option is recommended for single implantation, bridges are fixed on the implants, if there are not enough 3-4 teeth in a row.
When there are no teeth left in the jaw, conditionally removable constructions are added to the listed types of prosthetics. In this case, implants are necessary for firm fixation of prostheses.
Options for attaching prostheses to implants
Before prosthetics, the dentist determines the type of fixation of structures. Each option has its own testimony, pros and cons.
Types of fixation of prostheses on implants:
- Mounted on the cement.
The method resembles the traditional installation of crowns. The prosthesis is fixed “tightly” and becomes truly non-removable.Remove the design, if there are problems, it is very difficult, so this option is suitable for two-stage implantation, when the pin caught.
Cement fixation is used when installing single crowns, partial or full non-removable prosthetics.
- Screw fastening
In this case, screws are screwed into the pins, and prostheses are mounted on them. It is used when the patient does not have enough space between the alveolar ridges. In this way, individual crowns or cast structures are fixed. If necessary, the prosthesis is easily removed.
- Fastening on spherical abutments.
RemovableDentures on pinseasy to remove and install into place. This method is used in the absence of teeth. Also suitable for temporary dentures.
Implants are a reliable base for any type of prosthesis.