Siberian breed of cats: photo, description, character
The most popular and popular breed amongcats is Siberian. And all because they are smart, unpretentious in care and hypoallergenic. In addition, this breed is endowed with a variety of different colors. Photo of cats of Siberian breed, character, history of occurrence - all this you can find in the article.
To begin with, we present to your attention the generaldescription of the Siberian breed of cats. These are animals that have long or half-long hair. The coating is dense, warm, with a dense undercoat. Wool does not miss either cold or moisture, because they feel great in the northern regions. Usually a Siberian cat of medium or large size, the ears are small, the tail is long and fluffy. The animal is endowed with excellent physical abilities. If you look at the general outline, the cat will appear round or semicircular in shape, especially during severe frosts. Cats are slightly smaller than cats, reach puberty a little later than other breeds. Approximate weight of female individuals is 3.5-7 kg, and male - 6-9 kg. In general, the animal's body is elongated, compact and symmetrical.
History of occurrence
Some scientists believe that the Siberian catis a direct descendant of the Bukhara breed, which is mentioned in the publications of the 16th century. They were distributed, mainly in the Russian Empire, in its northern and Ural regions. How did they come to Siberia? At that time in the northern regions there lived nomadic tribes that moved from place to place. They kept livestock and poultry. During the colonization of Russians in these places by merchants were imported Bukhara cats. They were used to fight rodents, there is a version that Angora, Persian and Siberian cats had a common ancestor (Bukhara cat). It has been observed that domesticated long-haired cats perfectly coexist with other pets. They are also excellent at not only mice, but also rats. So this breed has taken root. A little later in the area of the Urals, under the influence of severe climatic conditions, the cats appeared a long thick coat with a dense undercoat and the name "Siberian".
The head of the Siberian is planted compactly and perfectlyharmonizes with the body. It can be medium or large in size, shaped like a trapezoid. The upper part of the head is wider than the lower one, the muzzle is rounded. The ears are slightly tilted forward, have an average or large size. The coat covering the ears is dense and short. The width between the ears should correspond to the length of the auricles themselves. At the base of the ears the wool is long, and at the tips there may be brushes. The eyes can be of different colors: green, blue, amber and so on. The shape is round, the outer corner is slightly flat. Usually the eyes are large, occupying half of the muzzle. The muzzle is not elongated, but rounded. The chin should coincide with the nose. In front, the nose seems perfectly straight, but in profile it is slightly curved.
The body has an average length, in appearance strong andmuscular. The back protrudes slightly above the shoulders, the abdomen is firm, tightened. The skeleton is massive, it is gaining weight with age. Paws large, especially anterior, well pubescent, even between pads. The forelimbs are slightly shorter than the hind legs, but they are flexible and strong. A well-developed muscular frame with a strong, rounded neck. The tail is most often long, at the bases wider, towards the end a little narrowed, well pubescent. Photo of the Siberian breed of cats is in the article.
Do not cause allergies
This phenomenon was discovered about 10 years agoback. A group of scientists specifically engaged in researching the allergen in the Siberian breed. In the experiment, 300 individuals participated, and it turned out that it was cats, not cats, that produced less allergen. Because people suffering from allergies, it is advisable to have female representatives of these felines. From the color will depend on the length of the fur. Usually in the region of the head, in the lower part of the trunk, on the paws and stomach, the longest and thickest hair. This breed has a double undercoat. For the winter period it thickens, and in the summer it can thin and shed. The wool can be as dense as a texture, or thin, and can also be straight or wavy. As for color, there are a variety of permissible, but the following are excluded: purple, cinnamon, burma with white impregnations. Siberians are considered good-natured and even indifferent, they are sustained and calm. They always conduct themselves adequately, they have a stable character. Are distinguished by excellent health and appetite.
During the period of sexual maturity, Siberian catscome in at the age of 8-10 months, sometimes earlier. This is due to the fact that the breed is young and more close to natural habitats. On average in the brood the cat has 5-6 kittens, sometimes three or even one or two. There are such cats of this breed, able to give offspring and in 10-12 years. Everything will depend on the conditions of the environment, habitat and health of the Siberian. Also Siberian cats are excellent fathers. Often couples live together, and the male can take care of the brood along with the female. Thus, this breed has a social predisposition. They are happier in a couple and adapt faster in a new place.
Characteristics of the Siberian cat breed Nevskaya Masquerade
The main subspecies of the Siberian cat is the Nevskayafancy dress. It has a long coat, a strong muscular body, large paws and a long fluffy tail. A distinctive feature of this subspecies is the color of the wool called "color-point". Also this breed has huge blue eyes. And the muzzle is covered with a dark shade, which creates the effect of a mask. This breed is distinguished by intelligence, excellent health, playfulness and devotion. It is safe to say that this subspecies is very popular among cat-owners. If an individual lives in a cool region, then its fur will always be long and fluffy. But in warm places this cat sheds excess wool, but the fluffy tail remains.
They have a good-natured character, they adore playing withchildren, but also ready to protect their territory. To outsiders are wary, have a sense of dignity. They know how to listen to the owner patiently, showing attentiveness and respect.
Color black with tiger
The basis of this color is black stripes,which are on the paws, sides, trunk and tip of the animal's tail. The rest of the wool can be painted in gray, brown or orange tones. This subspecies has expressive eyes framed by a light stroke. Eye color can be green, sometimes yellow or amber. Distinctive features of the subspecies: the letter "M" on the forehead, continuous beads around the neck, stripes on the back, sides, on the abdomen there are two rows of points.
This subspecies is rare, since on longwool is difficult to achieve a clear picture. But there are individuals perfectly colored and look spectacular. The main distinguishing features: the letter "M" on the forehead, the bands are continuous on the back and sides, specks on the shoulders resemble butterflies. Two rows of buttons are well defined on the abdomen.
Color chinchilla and black spotted
In a chinchilla subspecies, the coat has two colors: at the base a light tone, and further to the tip - dark. This cat is distinguished by excellent health, calm disposition, playfulness and endurance. Black spotted color is often confused with the brindle, so the spotted on the sides should necessarily have spots, not streaks. Many breeders say that this color resembles "torn marble", because it looks very impressive on the cat.
Silver / golden color
In silvery hair, the hairs on the tips are white,and closer to the ground, they become gray and acquire the color of silver. This is due to gene mutations of melanin. The undercoat is almost always white. Golden color, most likely, reminds a tender apricot shade. This subspecies is extremely rare, but it pleases with a beautiful eye color: bright green, bright blue or amber.
Colors red-tortie and smoky
Smoky color is obtained as a result of mixingsilver subspecies and spotted. The general color will come from the dominant of the parent: smoky blue, smoky with black, smoky red or tortoiseshell and so on. The main drawback is the lack of clear boundaries between colors. Cats of red or tortoiseshell have orange eyes with blackouts. From such cats, you can get offspring with a very diverse spotted color.
Color white or with impurities
White shade on the wool of the Siberian breed canmanifest themselves in any place. Since white color is considered recessive, it often appears only in spots: on the neck, abdomen, paws. To get a completely white color, then the individuals are exclusively white. In Siberian white cats, the eye color can be blue, green or amber. Often there is also heterochromia (one eye is blue, and the other is green or amber). The standard is a bright white color, and to the color of the eyes there are no special complaints. Often, blue-eyed individuals show deafness. Breeders say that the main drawback of this breed is frequent combing and bathing, as well as seasonal molting, especially in hot regions. They also believe that youngsters often have stains on the wool that resemble buttons, medallions or dots. When the cat becomes an adult, all these shortcomings will go away.
Blue Siberian breed of cats
This is the most popular breed of short-haired catsnot only in Russia, but also in other countries - Norway, the Czech Republic, Sweden, Finland. The constitution of the Siberian blue breed of cats (photo in the article) is medium, the body is elongated, graceful. Legs strong, high. Paws are oval or round. Ears are large, pointed. The coat is short and soft. Its color is uniformly blue with silvery tint. The eyes are widely planted, very large and expressive, mostly bright green in color.
Care and Nutrition
Character Siberian cats unpretentious asin nursing, and in nutrition, but you can note some points that you just need to observe. So, first, she must know her place, set aside for sleep. They love to sleep in a soft and small place. For this, a pillow, a special soft box or a house is suitable.
As for the tray, it is desirable immediatelyaccustom to one place. The animal will remember and in the future will be guided by the smell. Filler for cat litter is better to take the average. Since the cat likes to sharpen the claws, it is advisable to hang the scribes in each room. This breed is often not recommended to bathe, so as not to wash off the protective layer on the skin. You can do this procedure if necessary. But you'll have to comb it regularly, the hair is often taken in squabbles. Sometimes you should even cut your hair too thick.
On the diet can be said unequivocally: the diet of the Siberian cat, the description of the breed and nature of which we are considering, should be balanced and diverse. Food can be given both in raw (minced meat, pieces of meat or fish), and in a cooked form. Once a week you can give an egg yolk, cottage cheese, kefir. Always fresh water must always be present. Cats eat fine porridge with meat or vegetables with meat stewed. This suggests that protein food should be a priority.
- The average life span of the Siberian breed of cats is 15-17 years. There are cases when cats survived to 30 years, this indicates their excellent health.
- Since this animal is only recently domesticated, it can not be kept for long. He needs freedom and movement, otherwise the cat will be sad and at a convenient opportunity will run away.
- Dmitry Medvedev has a Siberian cat namedDorotheus. The head of government is so friendly with the animal that he literally takes it with him on any trip. For example, to meet with Barack Obama and his family.
- Siberian breed of cats, photo and description of whichyou could find in the article, is still inherent in the spirit of freedom and independence. It's just that you can not approach it and it will not work. He will simply ignore this maneuver or run away. With a man, cats behave on an equal footing and demand the same attitude to themselves. The only exception are small children.
The best rat-catcher than the Siberian cat, just notto find. If the shaggy inhabit the farm, then its territory will be in perfect order, and you can forget about the spoiled crop. It will perfectly cope with all rodents.