Softness and comfort for your floor: choose the substrate

Softness and comfort for your floor: choose the substrate

The main factors of choice

First of all, you should pay attention to the type of surface on which the laminate will be laid. The more irregularities, cracks and other serious defects on it, the thicker the substrate you will need to ensure comfort, reliability and safety.

Heater for a floorIf you do not know what specific thickness to choose, then you can use general recommendations:

  • for fresh concrete screed or ideally treated boards - 1 mm;
  • for coating in good condition - 3 mm;
  • for heavily damaged bases with deep depressions - 5-6 mm.

It should be noted that if there are no strong differences in height on the floor, then the material thickness over 3 mm will be excessive - strong fluctuations can lead to a break in the locks connecting the individual panels.

The substrate can also have waterproof properties - for this it is supplied with a special film that effectively retains moisture.

Laying laminateIn order to understand what kind of such a tool you need, pay attention to the type of base - a waterproof substrate is better for stone or concrete, a cheaper model without a film layer for wood and synthetic screed. In addition, if the laminate is laid in the kitchen or other areas with high humidity levels, it is better to provide additional waterproofing by yourself adding another layer of film to the substrate.

For many rooms, the issue of thermal insulation is also topical, especially if there is a kitchen or a room with a heating boiler at the bottom.

Foil backingIn this case, deciding which substrate you need, pay attention to models with additional protection in the form of foil - it will effectively reflect infrared radiation, which becomes the main cause of excessive surface heating. If necessary, you can find other modifications of the basis for the laminate - they can be adapted to protect against noise, fire and other negative external factors.

You also need to make a choice from the roll and modular types of tools that can fit under the laminate - each type has its own advantages:

  • the use of a coil substrate makes it possible to eliminate the penetration of moisture through it, since it has fewer joints, but it must be cut and glued seams by itself.
  • if you use a modular backing, you can achieve much higher convenience - it comes in the form of sheets equipped with a special quick fastening system.
Deciding which modification is better to use in each particular case is quite simple - the roll substrate is well suited for large rooms, and the modular one is small without an increased level of humidity.

Types of materials

As in many other cases, preference is better to give a natural material, thanks to which the laminate will get a strong, soft and environmentally friendly basis.

Laying cork substrateIt has such propertiescork barkwhich also applies to other construction and household industries. Its main advantage is the maximum level of noise insulation laminate, which can not be achieved using synthetic means. Laying cork substrate, you can be sure that there are no squeaks, as well as protection from loud sounds that penetrate the room below.The only drawback of natural material is the high price, which can be compared with the cost of the middle class laminate itself.

For those who prefer to save, we can recommend to usepolyethylene foam. In addition to low prices, its advantages include excellent protection against high humidity, as well as the lack of a nutrient medium for the development of harmful microorganisms. It also has a very low weight and ease of cutting, which makes such a laminate substrate very easy to use.

Polyethylene foamIf we talk about shortcomings, then the main one is the short life span - in a few years the material thickness can be reduced to a minimum, as a result of which it will be necessary to do a major overhaul of the floor. In addition, if the material is overexposed in the sun before laying, the life of the laminate floor can be reduced to several months - it is obvious that it is better not to use it to create the foundation of an expensive floor, designed for a couple of decades.

The best substrate which possesses an optimum ratio of the price, reliability and protective properties -polystyrene foam.

StyrofoamThe material has noise insulation only slightly lower quality than that of a cork, as well as a long service life, which can reach 15-20 years if all requirements are met. In addition, over time, its thickness is almost not reduced, which eliminates the occurrence of unpleasant squeaks and other sounds that can occur when a large load on the floor.

Among the shortcomings, only the average effectiveness of waterproofing can be noted, which can be improved by laying an additional layer of film under the laminate. Polystyrene base is best laid under a relatively expensive coating - in some cases it can survive the replacement of more than one layer of the floor of an economical class.

Those who appreciate maximum comfort, it is better to buy a specialcomposite substratelarge thickness. It is well suited for any type of laminate, as well as capable of leveling even significant base floor defects. In addition, with it the laminate acquires the softness of the stroke, which allows it to slightly spring under a large load without the risk of a break in the locks of the modules.

Girl on the laminateOf the advantages it is necessary to note the excellent isolation from all kinds of unpleasant external influences - the penetration of moisture, sound and temperature drops.This material is also better to lay under the expensive laminate, as its cost and service life may be significantly higher than that of cost-effective coatings.

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  • Softness and comfort for your floor: choose the substrate

    Softness and comfort for your floor: choose the substrate

    Softness and comfort for your floor: choose the substrate

    Softness and comfort for your floor: choose the substrate

    Softness and comfort for your floor: choose the substrate

    Softness and comfort for your floor: choose the substrate

    Softness and comfort for your floor: choose the substrate

    Softness and comfort for your floor: choose the substrate

    Softness and comfort for your floor: choose the substrate

    Softness and comfort for your floor: choose the substrate

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