St. Nicolas day
Few people know, but it was Saint Nicholas the Wonderworker who became the prototype of the modern Santa Claus. For centuries, St. Nicholas has been the patron saint of children, sailors, merchants. Nikolai Ugodnik lived in the III century in Asia Minor. Until his death, he was the bishop of the city of Mira (the territory of modern Turkey, the province of Antalya), where he was buried. However, in the spring of 1087 the relics of the saint were transported to Italy by Italian merchants, and now only part of the relics in the church of St. Nicholas are kept in Turkey. In addition to December 19, the day of the bishop's death, they celebrate May 22 - the arrival of the relics of the saint in Italy. December 19 is popularly calledNikola is winter, and on May 22 -Nikola spring (summer).
View of the Church of St. Nicholas in Demre
||Sarcophagus in the city of Demre, where the relics of the saint were kept||
Basilica of St. Nicholas in Italy
During his lifetime, Nicholas the Wonderworker performed many great deeds and miracles, all of which are simply beyond count. It is known that the parents of the saint were wealthy people, and after their death, Nicholas inherited the entire state.However, this wealth was used for the benefit of people. One of the most famous is the story when Nicholas the Wonderworker saved the daughters of an impoverished person from dishonor. The father, in despair, decided to give his daughters to engage in fornication so that they would have at least some food and some money. Upon learning of this, Nikolai threw gold at three times into the house of these people at night, and all three daughters were able to get married and arrange their lives.
In addition, Nicholas saved innocently convicted from execution, was the patron saint of navigators, healed people from all sorts of ailments. Miracles continue to occur in our days. On the web you can find many eyewitness stories about the miracles associated with this great saint.
Catholics celebrate St. Nicholas Day on December 6th. From this date we can assume that the New Year and Christmas holidays have begun.
In Francechildren (and adults too) on the eve of the holiday become humble and obedient, because those who behave badly will not receive a gift from St. Nicholas, but only the rod! Most of all, the feast and the saint himself are revered in Lorraine, since Nicholas the Wonderworker is considered the patron saint of this region. In a small townSaint-Nicolas-de-Porta theatrical festival is held every year and on the main streets you can see an unusual procession with St. Nicholas in charge.
In Germanythe celebration is also very interesting, in the form of a fairy tale. Especially children are waiting for the holiday: they hang out special festive socks, in which they will find either a gift or a regular twig. It all depends on whether the child is obedient, if he studies well. That is why on the eve of the holiday parents can see from their beloved children long-awaited meekness, humility and obedience.
Butin the Netherlandspreparations for the Day of St. Nicholas begin long. Who-who, and the Dutch love this holiday for sure! It is believed that Nikolai sails on a ship or ship in advance. Singing special festive songs that glorify the saint and the holiday, the children put their shoes at the front door or by the fireplace, where then magically there should be tasty and long-awaited gifts. Did you know that, it turns out, St. Nicholas has a horse namedAmarigo? The Netherlands know for sure that Nikolai loves Amerigo very much, and if you feed a horse, you can expect good gifts.To do this, in the festive shoes you need to put food: hay, a variety of vegetables (preferably, of course, carrots). Miracles happen on the night of December 5-6.
By the way, the Dutch can be very creative. So, for advertising and promotion of carsPorschesellers covered the whole car with chocolate on the eve of St. Nicholas Day. Probably, Nicholas appreciated the originality of the idea and appreciated all those who worked on this project.
And all the brides on the eve of St. Nicholas Day can goto Italy. There has long been an interesting tradition (Rito delle nubili), when the whole day gives brides gifts. This is not happening in all of Italy, but only in the city.Sassari(Sardinia Island) December 6th.
In orthodox countriesSt. Nicholas Day is celebrated on December 19th. From this date, it is customary to begin preparing for the New Year and Christmas. Due to the fact that during the times of the USSR it was not customary to celebrate church holidays and the authorities struggled in every way with faith and Christianity, the holiday is not as popular as in the West. However, traditions are returning, and, like all over the world, children are waiting for gifts.In Russia and UkraineIt is customary to put gifts under the pillow.These are mainly different sweets. However, in some families, gifts are presented in the Western style. For example, you can put gifts in specially prepared holiday socks. In addition, it is convenient because the risk of waking the child, sneaking around the room and slipping a gift under the pillow, almost no.
Everyone is pleased to receive a gift made with their own hands with love and care. So why don't you give such a valuable gift to your beloved child? You can bake delicious sweets or, for example, sew a soft toy. On the Internet you will find a lot of information with step by step description and pictures of how to sew a soft toy.
From sweet offer to bake traditional festive delicacy -nicknames. For the test, you will need: one egg, a tablespoon of honey, sugar (2/3 cup), butter or margarine (50 g), a tablespoon of sour cream, a teaspoon of soda (quenched with vinegar), salt (at the tip of a knife), flour 2 cups) is for the test. For the glaze, take the protein of one egg, powdered sugar (half a glass), food colors to your taste.
So, start with a test. Knead the dough, then roll out about 0.5 cm thick.Now you need to cut a cookie cutter. You can either buy the molds ready-made, or make them out of cardboard or thick paper (in the second case, you will need to attach the form to the dough and cut along the contour of the figure with a knife). Heat the oven to 180 degrees, grease the baking sheet with margarine, put the cookies in and bake for about 7 minutes. Cooled cookies are decorated with colored glaze. If you do not want to use food colors for the glaze, you can try replacing them with sweet syrups.Enjoy your meal!
And who said that St. Nicholas Day is only for children? If you have not got children yet, you can arrange a fairy tale for each other, because we are all children at heart. For example, you can take a trip to other countries, see who both marks this event, take part in the celebrations. Emotions and impressions will be unforgettable, believe me.
If, for certain reasons, it is not possible to travel, arrange a holiday at home. The same soft toy can be sewn for a loved one. Of course, everyone loves sweets. Be sure to cook the festive treats. The main thing in the house should reign the atmosphere of comfort and love.
We wish you to spend an unforgettable evening and so that pleasant memories from a family holiday will warm you in cold winter days.Happy St. Nicholas Day!