Systemic brain disease: diagnosis, treatment, recommendations
Causes of development
Dyscirculatory encephalopathy never occurs on its own - it is only a complication of other diseases. Doctors say that a person’s disability is also a consequence of the initially developing syndromes, and not of such a state of health. Atherosclerotic encephalopathy, which has a fairly long course with a gradual deterioration in the patient's health even against the background of intensive treatment, is most often manifested.
Often, the symptoms of arterial hypertension also go into encephalopathy - in this case, doctors usually give a positive prognosis with the possibility of a significant improvement in health status if the treatment was prescribed in a timely manner. If a person has a combination of atherosclerosis and hypertension, this leads to dyscirculatory encephalopathy with a probability of 90%.In this case, talking about the disease of mixed genesis - its diagnosis and treatment are usually difficult.
In addition to these diseases, encephalopathy can develop into:
- systemic changes in connective tissue;
- severe blood disorders;
- vasculitis (vascular inflammation);
- venous stasis of blood in the brain;
- vascular dystonia;
- hemodynamic disorders.
Regardless of the genesis of dyscirculatory encephalopathy, it manifests itself equally. These diseases cause oxygen starvation of the brain, followed by the destruction of its cells and pathological changes. There are severe irreversible symptoms that cause a person to see a doctor. It is clear that it will not be possible to get rid of such a condition with folk remedies - the patient needs urgent qualified help.
Speaking about the second stage of the disease, it will be easy for a person to diagnose.
Often, the natural reflexes of a person subside, and they are replaced by pathological, for example, photophobia or twitching of the extremities.With the deep development of the second stage of dyscirculatory encephalopathy, the limbs can be partially or completely paralyzed.
In case of a disease of complex genesis, remission may occur, which is characterized by the restoration of mobility - this becomes the cause of a unique combination of processes occurring in the vessels of the human head.
Disability can be caused by ischemic attacks, which are characterized by temporary immobilization, loss of coordination for several hours, confusion or lack of consciousness. Despite the fact that these attacks are transient, that is, coming, often recurring symptoms can cause the complete destruction of a certain part of the brain.
Of great importance is the examination of the fundus of the eye, which allows you to see the characteristic for encephalopathy varicose veins and simultaneous narrowing of the arteries.
To prescribe treatment, doctors send patients with suspected dyscirculatory encephalopathy for a comprehensive examination. The main method of diagnosis is computed tomography (CT), which clearly shows areas of pathological changes in the white body of the brain.These foci with a lower density of the tissue in the second stage are usually grouped around the ventricle and large organ sulci.
Another way to find symptoms of dyscirculatory encephalopathy is a specific study called therheoencephalography. In its results, pathological changes that repeat the clinical picture of atherosclerosis and hypertension are very clearly traced.
Treatment can also be given after a comprehensive blood test. When dyscirculatory encephalopathy in it appears thickening, there is an aggregation (the appearance of clots) of red blood cells and platelets. According to the results of biochemical research, one can see a decrease in the number of high-density lipids and an increase in the volume of substances of low and extremely low density.
If the doctor sees all the signs of dyscirculatory encephalopathy, he must take urgent measures to prevent the patient’s disability.
Signs of illness
In such cases, the disease can be mistaken for chronic fatigue, since it is expressed in:
- noise in the head;
- severe dizziness;
- depressive conditions.
However, its hallmark is the decline in the quality of non-specific memory. Unlike conventional sclerosis, a person retains all the professional knowledge and can do his job without the slightest problem, but becomes incredibly scattered in everyday life.
Body support methods
It has been said above that the complete healing of a person in such a state is simply impossible. However, treatment can stop irreversible processes and prolong the period of normal life for months and years. To do with folk remedies will not work, because the most important thing is to eliminate arterial hypertension. Methods of treatment should choose a doctor who will prescribe drugs to control blood pressure, blockers and diuretics.
Patients with circulatory encephalopathy are forbidden to take alcohol, smoke, play sports and exercise considerable physical activity in order to avoid an ischemic attack.
For the correction of blood lipid spectrum prescribe a number of drugs that control the production of enzymes and bile acids. Most often, doctors prescribe dyscirculatory encephalopathy statins, which help to normalize the metabolic processes. If there is a risk of complete stenosis (closure) of vessels, surgical intervention is indicated.
We must not forget about the blood supply to the brain. Here, folk remedies can also not be treated, since the doses of drugs must be strictly controlled by a qualified specialist. A condition such as dyscirculatory encephalopathy is eliminated with the help of antihypoxants — most often glutamic acid acts as such a drug.
However, disability is an inevitable consequence of dyscirculatory encephalopathy. As a rule, the first two stages last 5 years with no treatment, or 10–15 years with professional help to the patient. The third stage always takes about 4–5 years, since treatment can only reduce the severity of symptoms.The end result is complete dementia, followed by an early death caused by the destruction of vital parts of the human brain.
In the second stage of dyscirculatory encephalopathy, patients are forbidden to engage in physically hard work, as well as to carry out processes that require good coordination and quick decision-making. In addition, they can not work at high temperature or elevated pressure. For patients assigned a special working mode with rest every 30-40 minutes, which prevents the loss of coordination. In the third stage of the disease, a person is assigned a disability group, because he becomes completely disabled.