Tallinn: a journey through the old pavements of the European capital
The main advantage that old Tallinn has is its unique atmosphere. It consists of neat houses, cobbled pavements, cozy squares, lost on the map of the city, as well as old churches, castles, and, of course, the smell of the Baltic Sea, which penetrates every breath of pure air. However, it does not have some kind of museum mustiness, which is characteristic of ancient cities, whose sights are forever frozen in their gloomy magnificence - Tallinn is full of life and fun, which embraces any person who has looked into it for at least one day.
Usually people leave from here with an extraordinary feeling of lightness - the city helps to tune in to the best, but it does not keep travelers with a tenacious grip. But after a time, most of them return here.After all, Tallinn, whose landmarks have an unspeakable charm, again opens its hospitable arms in front of all those who wish to wander again through the thoughtful alleys.
In this case, after the first visit, you hardly need the guidebook - you quickly get used to this European capital, and you begin to guess its mood, already knowing what awaits you at the next turn of the narrow cobbled street.
At the foot of the hill
This part is actually a former entrance to the old city, through which visitors got into the historic center, where they were attracted by various things.
As a main attraction, Tallinn offers to inspect the fortress walls, depicted in many photos depicting the capital of the state. In total, there are 21 towers in the wall, where each bears its name, rooted in the depths of history.
The most famous of these is the fortification.Kick-in-de-Kök, which is the most modern artillery tower, which was owned by Estonia in the XVI century.It got its name, which in translation means “look into the kitchen”, because in former times from this height soldiers could see what the mistresses were preparing in the surrounding houses.
Now it houses a museum and gallery in which you can see various sights and historical photos of Tallinn, belonging to different eras.
An interesting feature that attracts adults and children are the cores embedded in the wall - they reproduce a picture of sieges that have repeatedly threatened the city.
After you explore these sights, Tallinn will offer you to continue the excursion, going up to the historical center. Seeing where you are going is very simple - you just need to lift your head and look atToompea Hill- it houses the eponymous old castle, the first stones of which were laid in the distant XII century.
On the map you can clearly see that the whole city was built around this castle - this is reminiscent of the streets, descending in even circles from the hill and smoothly flowing into new areas containing the sights of our days.
Return to the era of chivalry
Despite the hefty height on which the main sights are located, Tallinn allows even inexperienced travelers to reach them without any extra effort and problems. This is facilitated by the old road, on which its numerous visitors used to enter the city. It was designed in such a way that carts and vans, heavily loaded with overseas goods, could travel all the way without slowing down their course - this feature can be seen in the photo.
The crown of the old city isToompea Castle, which used to be not only the dwelling of the rulers of Tallinn, but also one of the most important bastions of its defense.
Now in this attraction is the building of the Estonian Parliament, which is daily full of boisterous work. Despite this, it can be visited by joining a half-hour excursion.
If during this time you do not have time to inspect everything that you wanted, do not worry - in a small shop at the exit you can buy a video guide in which Tallinn’s sights are included - including a full inspection of the castle.
Tower Long Herman
Leaving the Parliament Building, you will be taken to a small square with a superb view of the tower.Long hermann. She is depicted on the set of photos of Tallinn.Decorating the city itself, it rises to a height of 46 meters, and on its top is the flag of Estonia. Every day it is raised to the sounds of the national anthem with the rising of the sun, which attracts many tourists.
Temples of the Estonian capital
On the video dedicated to the city, always presentThe Dome Cathedral, which is the most ancient temple of Tallinn. Its history goes back as far as the 13th century, when a small wooden church was built on this place.
Starting from the 14th century, it was rebuilt into a basilica, which was the first stone church that the city received. Around the XVII century, the old vault of the basilica was destroyed, and it was reconstructed again, turning into a cathedral, which already received its organ.
St. Olaf Church
In addition to them, other spiritual structures are also usually included in the guidebook - for example,Dominican Monasterywhich is included in the main attractions of Tallinn, popular among tourists from Western Europe and the East, as well asSt. Olaf Church. On the map, this place is marked as one of the highest points of the city — the observation deck is located at an altitude of over 100 meters, which is an excellent opportunity for children and adults to view Tallinn from a bird's-eye view.
Tourists are usually interested in other places of interest - Tallinn is the place where so many Orthodox churches are located.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
Estonia is proud to be home to one of the most beautiful churches -Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. The old city received such a gift from Tsar Alexander III, who wished to perpetuate his salvation in a train accident. Tallinn was chosen as the site for construction, which is located on a map far enough away from the section of the road where the accident occurred. However, according to legend, Alexander was very fond of the sights of this city, and wished himself to remain in the memory of old Tallinn.
The modern part of the city
Children, of course, will be pleased with modern sights - Tallinn has a very largezoo, in which there are more than 300 species of animals.
Besides him, the city may also offer to visitBotanical Garden, located on the map far enough away from the old Toompea hill - in the Kloostrimets area. Thanks to this sight, the capital is the owner of one of the largest collections of unique plants in the Baltic States and Scandinavia - Estonia has been collecting exhibits for more than 50 years, starting in 1961.
Tallinn TV Show
Not far from the botanical garden is andtv tower of tallinn, the mention of which contains any guidebook. Reaching a height of 314 meters, it includes a viewing platform at 170 meters. In good weather, not only all the sights of Tallinn are visible from it, but also the coast of Finland, which usually can show only the map to the residents of the capital. It is from this site that tourists take most of the photos and videos that perpetuate the city in memory.
In addition, such sights of Tallinn asEstonian National Opera, whose photo adorns many postage stamps, as well as concert halls and grounds.
Tallinn song field
FamousSinging field, marked on the map of Tallinn, is a venue for large-scale events of the European level.An interesting point is that the sights of Tallinn contain several theaters at once, where performances take place in Russian.
Park ensemble of the city
For those who are more impressed with the natural sights, the Tallinn card offers a real surprise -Kadriorg Park,which occupies most of the urban area.
Catherine I Palace
It contains such Tallinn sights asCatherine I Palaceand housePeter Iwho also loved this place and repeatedly visited the city during his reign. The magnificence of the palace and park can be seen in the photo, but in reality they look even more colorful and attractive!
Currently, these attractions play the role of an art museum, as well as places where various festivals and citywide celebrations are held. It is impossible to get lost in the park - on the map, located at the entrance, you can see that it has a strict geometric layout, which is famous for the natural attractions of cities in Western Europe. In addition, the map will also tell you that there is a playground in Kadriorg,which hosts the most significant events in the country - the Universal Song Festival and the Estonian Games, which attract thousands of tourists who want to see the unique cultural sights of Tallinn.
After leaving the palace and park ensemble, you should also go toportwhich offers a great view of the harbor, accepting merchant and passenger ships. The new era brought to Tallinn the sights of modern times - now you can find one of the most beautiful ships in the world, coming from countries such as the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Sweden, Norway and Finland. If you wish, you can also take a ferry cruising around the Baltic Sea at the port, traveling on one of the countries located on its shores.
Just a couple of words about this attractive place.
In this city, you can only breathe in the fresh sea air with a full breast, and enjoy life.To rejoice because there are still such magical and unusual places in the world that hold a part of the history of medieval Europe.