The main mistakes in the care of Scheffleroy
Description and types
The ornamental Schefflera plant belongs to the Araliaceae family. Its homeland is the tropics, most often it is found in the expanses of Africa, South America, Southeast Asia. The main external feature of this plant is the structure of its leaves. They are razlapistye and can have up to 7 "fingers" and more. In some people, this structure causes another association - an umbrella. Therefore, quite often you can find another name - an umbrella tree.
Shefflerov leaves are mostly saturated green, although there are forms with motley greens. In this case, the color suggests the presence of stains or yellow and white stains. Caring for such a view will be more complex, but there will be more joy from seeing such an unusual spectacle.
In the wild form, shefflera appear small white flowers in large quantities. After they bloom, bunches of berries are formed.
The genus of sheffler includes about 200 species, but only some of them can be seen in gardeners. Most often you can find the following varieties:
- Schefflera luchellistnuyu (stelle-plate) - Schefflera actinophylla.This is the most common type of flower growers. A small plant, reaching a height of about 60 cm, has a brownish erect stem. Scapes most often reddish color. The leaves are mild and may have from 4 to 12 lobes. At the edges of the foliage can be wavy, in color - bright green and shiny. The main part of the leaf is usually darker than the veins.
- Tree Chefler (Scheffleraarboricola).It is also a plant of small height, which has a straight and curly stem. The branches are initially green, but over time they begin to acquire a brownish color. Amate variety is considered the most resistant to defeat by parasites, moreover, such a shefflera requires less care and lighting. The leaves are bright green and shiny. On the foliage of another species - Gold Capella - you can find small spots of yellow color. In appearance, such a sheffler looks like a palm tree.
- Shefler eight-leaf (Scheffleraoctophylla).A feature of this plant is the unusual position of the leaves.On the cream-colored petioles grow leaves of lanceolate form in the amount of 8-12 pieces. They can be 40 cm long and 10 cm wide. You can see the young glossy foliage olive-green color, but over time it becomes light green. Veins in color a little lighter, and the reverse side of the sheet is matte.
Properly organized illumination is a guarantee that the plant will grow and develop normally, and therefore please you with its appearance. Therefore, proper care begins with lighting.
Eastern and western window sills are perfect for all types of plants. But on the north side of the form with variegated leaves is better not to set, because in low light the color will disappear. In the case when you have only the south window at your disposal, you can put the pot not on the window sill itself, but on a hill (table, nightstand) near the window. It is not recommended to have a flower in the far corner of the room, because in this case it will just wither.
Successful care depends on how well watering is done.Shefflera loves to be watered moderately and so that the earthy one does not dry out. Although short-term drying it suffers better than excessive moisture. If you "fill in" the plant, then the leaves fall. Proper care is when the soil is wet, but not too humid.
It will be even better to feel the flower if you spray it. On hot days it is necessary to spray at least once a day. In the case of accumulation of dust and dirt on the leaves, the plant should be washed in the shower or remove contamination with a damp sponge. To increase the humidity of the air, you can put a flower on a pallet with expanded clay and water. In winter, watering should be reduced. If the air temperature in the room is the same in summer and winter time, then spraying should not be reduced.
Comfortable feel Scheffler will be in the range of 17-22 ° C. However, the flower can perfectly adapt to room temperature. If you want the plant not to hurt, be sure to carry out correctly all the activities prescribed by the correct care - watering, spraying. Remember that too high a temperature or the presence of nearby heating devices can cause the leaves to fall.
The flower propagates by one of the following methods: seeds, cuttings, aerial layering.
To plant the seeds of this plant should be at the end of winter. For sowing, you can take a substrate of peat and sand, mixing them in equal parts. Also suitable for this purpose is a mixture of sheet, turf soil and sand. Before planting the seeds, the ground must be disinfected, and the seeds soak.
Seed should be planted to a depth of two sizes. After that, the soil will need to be moistened with a sprayer and put in a warm place. The temperature should not fall below 20 ° C and rise above 24 ° C, periodically sowing needs to be opened for ventilation. A small greenhouse with lower heating will improve germination.
After sprouting three leaves, they can dive into pots and grow at a temperature of about 20 ° C. Periodically, young plants will need to replant. By the fall they will get stronger and will look like an adult flower.
For grafting, you need to take those parts that are not completely stiff. They are treated with a special compound for the development of the root system and placed in a substrate (sand and peat 1: 1).Next, the tank should be positioned so that the bottom heating is carried out, and cover with polyethylene. Care consists of airing and spraying. After rooting plants can be transplanted.
If your shuffler is especially large, then you can try to propagate it by air layering. You need to make an incision in the spring, which should be wrapped with moss and polyethylene. When the roots appear in this place, you can cut the tip and plant it in the soil. The trunk, which will remain, must be cut off at the root.
Shefflers are usually transplanted once every 2-3 years. This is best done in the spring, but you can hold it in the fall. Choose a bigger pot each time for transplanting. In the case when the care of the plant is correct, it is able to grow rapidly. If so, then you will need to transplant more often.
First, select the right substrate. Scheffler grows well if its soil consists of:
- 3 parts of fertile land (suitable compost or greenhouse);
- one part of peat (suitable lower);
- 1.5 parts of sand with large grains (for better permeability, you can use more vermocolite).
If you want leaves to fall, do not forget about good drainage.
Reasons for the failures
Most often, growers ask the question: why do sheffleers fall leaves? The main reason is that the wrong care of the plant.
There are three possible options:
- improper watering (lack or excess of moisture);
- bad light;
- dried air.
Sometimes the leaves fall due to pests that also love to settle on this flower. Decorative shefflera can be affected by spider mites, scutes, mealybugs or aphids.
If you notice that the leaves have turned yellow, and the cobweb is visible on the back side, then you are faced with a spider mite. His presence often leads to leaf fall. You should remove the spider web with a damp sponge, and then process the flower with a special solution against the tick, paying particular attention to the back of the leaves. Repeated processing will be possible only in two weeks. Do not stop until you finally get rid of the pest.
The shield is a brown spot on the leaves and stems, which are covered with a "shield". To remove it, it is necessary to treat the plant with a special compound against the parasite.If the stains have not disappeared, then the treatment should be repeated again after a week.
White fiber formations at the base of the leaves indicate a mealybug. It is also possible to get rid of it by special treatment, and the pests themselves must be removed from the plant with tweezers.
Aphids can be seen with the naked eye, as she lives in groups. Most of all she likes young shoots. Aphids reduce flower resistance to disease and slow its growth. Get rid of her easy enough. It is only necessary to wash the plant under the shower or with a small brush dipped in soapy water (preferably from soap), in the places where aphids accumulate.