For countless novels, films and television shows, the concept of prison is familiar to most people. Despite the countless number of places of detention on our planet, there are among them those whose names are widely known. This top 10 is intended to acquaint the reader with a list of similar objects, simultaneously with the purpose of entertaining and instructive.
10. BELMARCH PRISON
HM, or ‘her Majesties’ (Her Majesties), Belmarsh Prison is equipped to hold category A prisoners and is located in Greenwich, in south-east London.Although the facility has operated as a particularly strict prison only since 1991, it is known both within the United Kingdom and abroad. For two millennia, the most famous criminals have been detained here.
Currently there are about a thousand prisoners in Belmarsh. The facility received its reputation not only because of such famous criminals as Charles Bronson and Ronnie Biggs, but also thanks to the reputation of “British Guantanamo”, because in the early 2000s after 9/11 it was used to keep detainees “ on charges of committing a terrorist act. "
9. FEDERAL CORRECTION COMPLEX TERRE-HOT
This facility, located in Vigo District, Western Indiana, was opened in 1940. It contains male prisoners of all three categories - from especially dangerous to those who have committed minor crimes. More specifically, this complex consists of three institutions that perform different functions: the Federal Correctional Institution (FCI), Terra Hot proper, and the United States Correctional Institution Terra Hot. The first belongs to the middle category, whereas in the latter there are mainly death row cameras. The total number of prisoners in this complex is more than 3000.
eight.MILITARY PRISON TRADMOR
The Tadmour military prison was built at the beginning of the 20th century as a barracks complex for the French mandate, and today it represents one of the most famous places in the world of imprisonment. Located approximately 200 kilometers north-east of the Syrian capital Damascus, Tadmor gained notoriety as a prison as a prison in harsh conditions, where human rights are violated, torture and even executions take place. And although in 2001, after a series of high-profile events on political and religious grounds, the institution was closed, Tadmor again began to function in 2011 in connection with the events of the Arab Spring for the maintenance of prisoners.
7. DELTA CAMP
Camp Delta - so called correctional center in the Gulf of Guantanamo in Cuba. He gained world fame thanks to famous personalities contained within its walls, carrying potential danger as terrorists, as well as to those who got here directly from the combat zones. Unfortunately, it has become a kind of symbol of institutions of this type.Built in the spring of 2002, Delta Camp has, like any other American prison, several units designed for prisoners with a specific need or categorization. Because of the unique location, sad cases of violation of prisoners' rights often took place here, but more about that another time.
6. CORRECTIONAL PRAY OF THE MAXIMALLY STRICT PUNISHMENT EXECUTION (ADX) FLORENCE
The prison of maximum punishment in Florence, Colorado, USA, was opened in 1992. It has the status of a prison with the highest level of protection and is widely known as “Alcatraz of the Rocky Mountains”. There are 439 male prisoners who were deemed too dangerous to be held in other high-security prisons, which are many in the country. There are six levels of security in this rehab facility, all of which are especially careful to ensure that the majority of prisoners are kept separate from each other. They sit here for a variety of crimes, and although among them there are a number of high-profile names associated with terrorist activities at the international level,However, at the country level, there are also numerous members of organized criminal groups and mobsters in prison.
5. Kinchen Prison
Built at the end of the 50s, Kincheng Prison is a reminder of the turbulent flow of Chinese history. It is used to predominantly political prisoners, many of whom were members of the Chinese Democratic movement of the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. The facility is located in the Changping district in northwest Beijing. The Kincheng Advanced Security Prison was built under the leadership of the Soviet Union and was initially used to contain the war criminals of the Kuomintang as a result of their nationalist action against the communist government. Kincheng has become known for the grandeur of buildings, a high level of security and its geographical integrity. In addition to a team of 5,000 prisoner supervisors, the prison has the highest fences (boasts one of the highest guard towers in the world), is several thousand feet above sea level and is also surrounded by dangerous valleys on all sides.
4. ISLAND ALKATRAS
It is possible to mention this object in the context of this list of the most well-known and carefully guarded prisons and can be considered not entirely correct, nevertheless, how was it not to include in it the paragraph about the famous Alcatraz Island? Located in San Francisco Bay, 2.5 km from the eponymous California city, Alcatraz Island was erected in the 1860s. Initially, the island was a lighthouse, then a small military fortification, and only then - a prison. At first, war criminals were kept in this unremarkable place until the object was handed over to the federal government in 1933. Over the next 30 years, the island received the status of a federal prison institution as strictly as possible the execution of sentences and sad glory, thanks to several famous prisoners. The famous dry-law gangsters from Al Capone and the Kelly Machine Gun to political prisoners like Rafael Cansel Miranda noted on Alcatraz Island before it was closed in 1963. Today, the island remains world famous as an American landmark and attracts an incredible number of visitors each and every year.
3. PRISON FOREST
Not much is known about this high-security facility in Japan, but its impeccable security system gained prominence. Located in the city of Fuchu, but west of the Tokyo metropolis, the prison constantly receives more and more new prisoners from among the most famous in Japan. Despite the well-known liberalism of the Japanese in relation to prison conditions, a number of reports from former prisoners and journalists have given publicity to the brutality that takes place outside the prison walls. The security system here is one of the most advanced in the world, and therefore, the statistics of shoots from Fuch are zero.
2. SANTA PRISON
Located in the 14th arrondissement of the capital of France, Paris, the prison of Sante was built in 1867. Awesome, both aesthetically and literally, she gained an international reputation as the most secure prison facility in the world. During the years of its existence, Santa, there were many especially dangerous prisoners, many of whom participated in the military conflicts of their time, both international and local. During World War II, the German occupying forces used prisonto detain members of internal resistance and almost everyone who spoke or acted against the occupation. Thanks to its exceptional architecture, Sante is completely protected from the possibility of escape of prisoners, despite the fact that he is located in the very center of Paris, and over the years has repeatedly become the center of attention of the international press.
1. ARTHUR ROAD
Built in 1926, Arthur Road or Mumbai Prison, because by this name it is just as widely known; It is the oldest and largest detention facility in the West Indian city of Mumbai, formerly Bombay. It occupies the entire complex of about 2 hectares of land and can accommodate up to 1,000 prisoners, but at the moment there are at least 2,000 people in Arthur Road. As a result, conditions of detention are appalling, and overcrowding of cells only contributes to the spread of diseases due to unsanitary conditions and lack of medical care. This is the worst prison in India, from which, moreover, it is impossible to escape. There is not a single case of a successful escape from Arthur Road. Meanwhile, since the prison is located in the fourth most populated region of the planet, the situation promises to get worse.