TV Game What Where When 40 years

TV game "What? Where? When?" 40 years

40 years ago, on September 4, 1975, the first program of the television club "experts" was aired: "What? Where? When?" True then there were no "experts". Initially, the favorite game was a family quiz.
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Two teams took part in the program - the Ivanov family and the Kuznetsov family from Moscow. The show was filmed in parts - first visiting one family, and then another. Each team was asked 11 questions. Two plots were combined into one with the help of photographs from family albums of the Ivanovs and Kuznetsovs. Only one program went on the air. It was the year of the form search


1984 Record TV game "What? Where? When?" on Central Television. © RIA News, M. Yurchenko

But in the next, in 1976, the family quiz turned into a television youth club "What? Where? When?". Students from several faculties of Moscow State University took part in the recording of the program. The first release of the game was not led by Vladimir Voroshilov, but ... Alexander Maslyakov.


1984TV presenter of the quiz "What? Where? When?" Vladimir Voroshilov is waiting for an answer to the question. © RIA News, M. Yurchenko

It was then that a spinning top appeared in the game. True, the arrow of the top chooses the person who will answer the question from the viewer. Participants of the game answered questions immediately, without preparation. Each member played for himself. Minutes of discussion has not yet been. I answered the question - get a prize: a book. He answered seven questions - get the main prize: a set of books. The players' answers were evaluated by the honorary jury members - Academician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences O.V. Baroyan, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences V.O.Goldansky, Writer D.S. Danin


1984 Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences Igor Petryanov-Sokolov takes part in the TV quiz show "What? Where? When?". © RIA News, M. Yurchenko

In the following, in 1977, transfer management is carried over frame. The presenter in the frame was replaced by four voices. Among the new offscreen presenters were Vladimir Voroshilov and employees of the youth editorial staff of Central Television, journalists Andrei Menshikov and Svetlana Berdnikova, as well as geologist Zoya Arapova. Vladimir Voroshilov was the main presenter of the game, the rest of the voices played a supporting role - they sounded the letters of the viewers


1984Participants of the quiz show "What? Where? When?" discuss the issue. © RIA News, M. Yurchenko

Who led the program on the other side of the screen for a long time remained a mystery to viewers (until 1980). And Vladimir Voroshilov firmly established the nickname "incognito from Ostankino". The name of the host will be heard for the first time on April 23, 1980, when the broadcast will end with the words: "Vladimir Voroshilov conducted the program"


1985 Director and presenter of the television club "What? Where? When?" Vladimir Voroshilov is preparing another game. © RIA Novosti, G. Kazarinov

On December 24, 1977, the game finally got its final form: a spinning top, showing the question, not the player, a one-minute limit on the discussion of the issue, a prize to the viewer for the best question. Then the first symbol appeared in the game - owl Fomka


Zoobaz worker of the Russian film studio "Tsentrnauchfilm" with the eagle owl Fomka, the constant symbol of the TV program "What? Where? When?". © RIA News, Ettinger

Then, according to the rules of the game, each correct answer brought a prize-book to the general fund of the game participants. If the club members lost the question, the whole six players changed

In 1978, Vladimir Yakovlevich Voroshilov became the only voice-over leading "What? Where? When?", And the games of the television club become traditional and permanent.9 games were played that year.


1985 Connoisseurs and screenwriter, director and host of the program Vladimir Voroshilov discuss the outcome of the game. © RIA Novosti, G. Kazarinov

In 1979, participants in the show for the first time are called "experts." Up to this point, all players were "members of the club" "What? Where? When?" or simply "participants" of the program. Also this year, the teams of the club have coaches: candidates of psychological sciences Boris Bratus and Alexander Asmanov, teacher of the department of social psychology Adolf Harash. Trainers can take time out, replace individual players or the whole six


1985 Player of the television club "What? Where? When?" Alexander Vengertsev, a builder from the city of Dmitrovograd of the Ulyanovsk region. © RIA Novosti, G. Kazarinov

January 24, 1979 in the game "What? Where? When?" the first musical pause sounded


1988 year. Musical pause in the program "What? Where? When?". © RIA News, Oleg Lastochkin

For several years, the game "What? Where? When?" was one of the few programs on Soviet television where you could see popular foreign performers


1989 Member of the musical pause Greek singer Demis Roussos.© RIA News, Oleg Lastochkin

in 1980 a new rule was introduced - in a critical situation, the losing team was given a special chance: the final round could be played by the whole club


1986 The broadcast of the program "What? Where? When?". © ITAR-TASS, Igor Zotin

In 1982, the game form was finally determined. A new rule has been introduced: the game continues to six points. Up to this point, the score of the game was different all the time - as many questions were asked as timekeeping allowed. The host's “branded” phrase appears: “Score 0: 0. TV viewers vs. experts. First round”


1985 The captain of one of the teams of the club "What? Where? When?" Marina Letavina. © RIA Novosti, G. Kazarinov

The whole game is played by one team of experts; connoisseurs continue to participate in the games of the season if they win; connoisseurs give place in the club to beginners, if they lose


1985 Participants of the quiz show "What? Where? When?" mulling over the answer. © RIA Novosti, G. Kazarinov

In 1983, the Club of Experts settles a new room - a mansion on Herzen Street, 47. In this season they play in threes. Two triples play, one triples - in the "spare" chairs. It is possible to replace the entire three or one or two players.The composition of the team varies at the discretion of the captain. Some of the connoisseurs declared for the game remain “spare” and do not participate in the game. A new rule has been introduced - experts can opt out of a minute of discussion and use the saved minute in any other round.


1989 Connoisseurs at the gaming table. © ITAR-TASS, Boris Dembitsky

1984 During a minute of discussion, players are allowed to use reference books: the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, the Ushakov, Ozhegov and Dahl Dictionaries, the Philosophical Encyclopedic Dictionary, the Geographic Encyclopedic Dictionary, the Physical Encyclopedic Dictionary, the Chemical Encyclopedic Dictionary, the Soviet Encyclopedic Dictionary.


1985 There is a game. Television club "What? Where? When?". © RIA Novosti, G. Kazarinov

Three scenes appeared in the playing hall. On the small stage - a bookcase with encyclopedias. On the second stage - the penalty box. At the largest - installation for music and sound. The player who gave the wrong answer goes to the penalty box. Penalties are returned to the gaming table after the first point won by connoisseurs


1988 year. The broadcast of the program "What? Where? When?".© RIA News, Oleg Lastochkin

In 1985, a new change - not one six participate in each game, but the whole club - 6 sixes of experts. The change of teams takes place according to the principle: won - keep playing, lose - give way to another team. Teams are changed by lot: in the sectors on the gaming table are inverted game tickets for captains. If the experts lose the round, the game ticket turns over and it turns out which six will replace. The decisive round of the game: if the team wins, it gets the right to start the game the next time and gets all the prizes. The team that loses in the last round of the game leaves the club. In place of this six come newcomers


1989 The broadcast of the program "What? Where? When?". © ITAR-TASS, Boris Dembitsky

In 1986, one six connoisseurs participated in each game again. Introduced the first "blitz tournament". Symbols of musical pause disappear from the gaming sectors. Violin keys are now In command captains. Musical pause teams take on your own. A minute of help from television fans appears. It was the last game year in a mansion on Herzen Street 47

In 1987, a series of international games "What? Where? When?" At the games in Bulgaria for the first time it was decided to change the traditional system of prizes. Prizes-books on international games replaced handicrafts, arts and crafts of the two countries and consumer goods


1987 TV host "What? Where? When?" V.Voroshilov (right). Photo by Igor Zotin (TASS photo chronicle)

In 1988, there was a series of games in the international club "What? Where? When?". They play teams of the USSR, USA, Bulgaria, Poland, France.

Not one six experts play against viewers, but the entire club - 13 six experts. Any team of experts can answer for the whole club, and the whole club is responsible for this answer. Any six can challenge the response of the previous team. The final version of the club is the answer that was given last.

Starting from the second qualifying game, a NEW RULE was introduced: the six, which gave the wrong answer and lost the round, cease their participation in the games of the season. Only the game won by the club can save the players of the team.


1988 year. Center for International Trade and Scientific and Technical Relations.Live broadcast of the main program for youth of the Central Television “What? Where? When?” Program, which was attended by experts from Bulgaria, Poland, the USSR and the USA. Photo by Oleg Ivanov / TASS photo chronicle /

In 1989, the International Games "What? Where? When?". The venue is Moscow, the International Trade Center at Krasnaya Presnya (Sovincenter). Play: one main six experts and nine teams of experts. Teams of experts determine the complexity of each question of the game. Depending on the complexity of the question, in each round you can get from 1 to 10 points.
If all nine teams of experts gave the correct answer - the question is worth one point. Eight teams gave the correct answer - the question is worth two points, etc .. If none of the expert teams gave the correct answer, the question gets the highest rating - 10 points. If the top six connoisseurs win the round, those ten points are given to the connoisseurs. If the question cannot be solved by the playing team, then TV viewers will get 10 points.
The team of experts, which as a result of the game will receive the highest intellectual rating, is entitled to continue the next game at the central gaming table.The team with the lowest rating must leave the club. In its place will come a new six players.

Due to the fact that the basic rule of the game has been temporarily canceled (the game is up to six points), a new frontier of the game is set - midnight. The game ends with the third rooster crowing on the Sovincenter tower.


1988 year. Participants of the TV show "What? Where? When?" confer during the game. © RIA News, Dozortsev

Since 1990, all games of the television elite club "What? Where? When?" pass in the Hunting Lodge in Neskuchny Garden


1989 Member of the television club "What? Where? When?" Vladimir Molchanov. Photo by B. Dembitsky / TASS photo chronicle /

In the winter of 1991, money first appeared on the gaming table. The intellectual club becomes an intellectual casino. The leader became known as the croupier. For the first time the phrase appears: "The intellectual casino is the only place where you can earn money with your own mind"

The basic rules of the game have not changed: One six of the experts play. The game goes up to six points. The losing team loses its place in the club


2005 year. The broadcast of the program "What? Where? When?". © ITAR-TASS, Natalya Nechaeva

Vladimir Yakovlevich Voroshilov was the permanent leader of the program for 25 years.December 30, 2000, he spent his last game - the final of the anniversary series of games, which decided the fate of the elite club "What? Where? When?". Experts won with a score of 6: 5.

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  • TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years

    TV Game What Where When 40 years