Veliky Novgorod - the historical sites of the ancient Russian city

Veliky Novgorod - the historical sites of the ancient Russian city

A tour of the history of the glorious city

The first written mention of Novgorod is contained in the famous Tale of Bygone Years. The annals feature 859 year, and it is considered to be the birthday of the city.

Old mapIt was then that he appeared on the map of the old Russian land. Historians continue to argue about how accurate this date is. Indisputable is one thing - Novgorod has always played an important political and economic role in the life of Kievan Rus. Great Novgorod is equally important for modern Russia.

Novgorodians were not like other inhabitants of that time. They had a wide outlook. These were hard-working and freedom-loving people. They themselves appointed princes and deprived them of this title. At various times, such famous personalities as Vladimir Monomakh and Yaroslav the Wise reigned here.

Vladimir MonomakhDuring their rule, Veliky Novgorod acquired magnificent temples and acquired other historical sights. Novgorod land occupied a huge territory.When Veliky Novgorod became part of Muscovite Russia, it increased fivefold.

There was a lively trade in the city, various crafts flourished, magnificent ornate temples were built.

There have been many beautiful and tragic moments in history. This is the famous Battle of the Ice, and the battle on the river Sheloni, and the confrontation with the Swedes.

On a geographical map of the USSR, the city had a different name, but it managed to regain its glorious name. These events are in the past. This year, Veliky Novgorod is celebrating its 1155th anniversary. The world map has a total of about ten such ancient cities. His chronicle is filled with interesting pages, and the sights of Novgorod the Great are truly unique.

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Architectural and historical heritage

Map with landmarksVeliky Novgorod is a genuine architectural city-museum.

The map of its famous places includes over 50 monuments of ancient Russian architecture. Some of them were created in the XI-XII centuries. They naturally and harmoniously complement the image of the modern city.

Sights that must be seen by everyone who comes to Veliky Novgorod:

  • Novgorod Kremlin (Detinets);
  • Sophia Cathedral.

Colorful photos of these architectural masterpieces of antiquity adorn catalogs of Russian tourist routes.

Kokuy TowerThe composition of the complexNovgorod Kremlinbuilt back in 1044 by order of Yaroslav enters 8 towers. The tallest of them is Kokuy. If you climb it, you can see the picturesque panorama of Veliky Novgorod and make beautiful photos.

The architectural ensemble of the Kremlin includes two magnificent churches.

The grand temple building isSaint Sophie Cathedralwhich was built from 1045 to 1050 He laid the prince Yaroslav. The temple was (and continues to be) a symbol of Veliky Novgorod.

Saint Sophie CathedralThe building has a monumental architecture, it is crowned with five domes. Photos of the cathedral can be seen on the banknotes of Russia. The cathedral is magnificent not only outside, its interior is no less rich. The church has fragments of frescoes, created in 1109 year. There are miraculous icons, which pilgrims from all over the world are rushing to worship.

For exploring all the sights of the Kremlin in Veliky Novgorod, a map is useful where routes to tourist sites are indicated.

Awesome religious and historical monument isYaroslav's Court. This architectural complex dates back to 1208. The unique and beautiful sights of Veliky Novgorod are located here. In a small area collected magnificent examples of religious and civil architecture from the XII century to the time of Peter the Great.

The most ancient isNikolsky Cathedralbuilt back in the year 1113. It belongs to the world heritage sites (according to UNESCO). The Church of Paraskeva Pyatnitsa (1207) is distinguished by the grace of lines and the grace of the domes.

Hanseatic FountainA favorite vacation spot for tourists who come to see the sights of Veliky Novgorod isHanseatic Fountain. Its design resembles the shape of a conference table. The fountain is decorated with the emblems of 16 states.

Veliky Novgorod is decorated with other wonderful architectural structures. They can give an idea of ​​the culture of ancient Russia and have a religious, historical and artistic value. Novgorod is known for its honorable architectural rarities. But on his map there are more young attractions that are also worth seeing.

Monument Millennium of RussiaIn 1862, the grand opening of the monument "Millennium of Russia". Today it can be seen on the square in front of the office building. The monarchical idea is embodied in impeccable sculptural forms.

Nowadays, new tourist points constantly appear on the sights map. On the streets of the city 34 monuments of modern art. The sculpture is very popularTired tourist", The composition"Hunting cats"And"Family Moydodyra».

Natural wonders of the Novgorod land

Stone ShlitterThere is a completely unique exhibit in the nature reserves of Veliky Novgorod:Stone Shlitter. It is a giant granite boulder on which the hieroglyphs of the Bronze Age are carved. The image is made up of shiny signs, outlines of hands and bear paws. This is the most iconic stone, which can boast of Novgorod the Great. To get to this boulder, you must find on the map the village Mytino.

Nature generously endowed Veliky Novgorod with picturesque landscapes, unique healing springs and mineral springs. On the map of the Novgorod land there is a popular mud therapy resort “Staraya Russa".In this sanatorium mud therapy is carried out, which has no analogues in the world.

In the historical center of Veliky Novgorod, near the Detinets, there is a wonderful Kremlin park. It was laid back in the XIX century. This is the main place of rest of Novgorod.

Attraction in the parkOn the right bank of the Oka River there is a green park "Switzerland". In its shady alleys, residents and visitors of Novgorod love to walk. It is nice to spend weekends, take photos against the backdrop of beautiful landscapes and enjoy the tranquil beauty of nature.

Eight kilometers from the city center on the map marked a small blue dot - Lake Ilmen. It has an amazing feature - its area can increase threefold. From the lake flows the only river Volkhov. The legend says that she received such a name in antiquity. She was named after the eldest son of the Scythian princes of Sloven and Russia. According to the legends, the river sometimes begins to move backwards (against the current).

Modern entertainment in the ancient city

Historical sights are not the only reasons to visit Veliky Novgorod. On the map of the modern metropolis you can find a lot of fashionable extreme entertainment.

Balloon flightVery popular are flights over the environs of Veliky Novgorod by balloon. To make a trip to a great city truly memorable, do not give up on flying a balloon. Air tour will provide an opportunity to admire the beauties of Novgorod from heavenly heights.

Those who do not like trivial walks through the quiet parks of Novgorod will enjoy participating in an extreme jeep tour. The race starts from the shore of two picturesque lakes. The program of the tour includes sightseeing tours of the zoo and visits to unique caves.

Arriving in Veliky Novgorod, you can spend time quite unusual. An amazing excursion on a motor-car on a narrow-gauge railway - hardly anyone has such a tourist experience in stock.

Tourists who are interested in glamorous parties and extreme nightlife, Veliky Novgorod has prepared a special program. In popular nightclubsVertigo», «Admiral"And others can not only have fun. Here there is a unique chance to meet cult persons of domestic and foreign club culture.

Theater buildingFans of classic leisure can not only see the sights, but also culturally relax in Veliky Novgorod.The map of theaters and art centers is unusually diverse. Every year the Novgorod Regional Philharmonic hosts festivals and concerts. The Academic Theater of Veliky Novgorod and the Theater for Children and Youth have an interesting repertoire. Cultural centers regularly open art exhibitions.

DinolandFor families with children, there are special entertainment and modern attractions, one of which Veliky Novgorod recently acquired. This is a family holiday center. ”Dinoland". The kids and their parents are waiting for amazing adventures and a meeting with real dinosaurs.

And in the summer to "Children's meadow»In the Kremlin park of Veliky Novgorod, entertainment activities for children are held. They acquaint young visitors of the city with traditional crafts and fun of the ancient inhabitants of Veliky Novgorod.

The main Novgorod souvenirs

When the old sights are studied and photographed, you need to purchase souvenirs in Veliky Novgorod. Tourist shopping will give the guests of the city a lot of pleasure.

GingerbreadAs memorable gifts, traditionally buy three things:

  • aromatic honey;
  • kvass, manufactured by the "branded" Novgorod technology;
  • gingerbread cookies.

For gourmets, the most delicious dishes of national Russian cuisine in urban restaurants and cafes. On the map of the city are countless.

Ancient Veliky Novgorod, decorated with domes of ancient churches, remains dynamic and young. He always welcomes his guests and treats them to the most magnificent and amazing sights. The new city generously shares its rich history and gives positive emotions to all tourists.

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  • Veliky Novgorod - the historical sites of the ancient Russian city

    Veliky Novgorod - the historical sites of the ancient Russian city

    Veliky Novgorod - the historical sites of the ancient Russian city

    Veliky Novgorod - the historical sites of the ancient Russian city

    Veliky Novgorod - the historical sites of the ancient Russian city

    Veliky Novgorod - the historical sites of the ancient Russian city

    Veliky Novgorod - the historical sites of the ancient Russian city

    Veliky Novgorod - the historical sites of the ancient Russian city

    Veliky Novgorod - the historical sites of the ancient Russian city

    Veliky Novgorod - the historical sites of the ancient Russian city

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