What is graffiti: street art
The public is still unable to decide what graffiti is - a type of art, a way of self-expression or an act of vandalism. Nevertheless, it still does not lose its popularity, and the facades of houses with fences continue to overgrow with all sorts of drawings and inscriptions. How it all began, what styles of graffiti exist and how to draw them - read on.
Graffiti: what is it
In the historical context, graffiti is called drawings and inscriptions, in some way printed on different surfaces. But in the modern sense, graffiti is considered a type of street art, which consists in applying drawings and inscriptions with paint, often spray, on all sorts of surfaces, mainly on the walls. The people who paint them are called writers.
Attention of the masses was drawn to this direction in 1971, when the fact that such graffiti was first mentioned in the print edition. It was about a reaiter named Demetraki, who worked as a courier and left his signature in all corners of New York.This signature was the Taki183 tag, where Taki is part of his name, and 183 is the name of the street where he lived.
Later, the inscriptions began to appear more within the metro and railway depots. The movement acquired a competitive character, street artists sought to leave as many of their tags as possible.
Types of graffiti
To mindTagginginclude the signatures of the authors. Such a tag may be an independent work, or it may be a signature to the work of another kind.
TOWriting, in fact, they refer to what we now most often understand by graffiti - drawings made in various styles on the walls; more sophisticated than just tags, they are distinguished by thoughtful, three-dimensional image.
Bombingpaint on transport and in other extreme places, and artists are called bombers. Such graffiti does not differ in complexity and accuracy of implementation, because the main task of the bomber is to make it not caught when drawing a picture.
This also includes inscriptions in the styleScratching- they are scratched with a grinding stone, usually on glass.
The simplest style isThrow-up. Such graffiti consists of two contrasting colors: the fill of the inscription and its outline, usually black. It has a rounded shape.
Another simple style -Blockbuster- is carried out in no more than three colors and is distinguished by large, angular letters.
StyleBubblescharacterized by large letters, resembling bubbles. Refers to the old school, today is not common.
Wild stylediffers in large-scale, hard-to-read text, with sharp, elongated letters, often with interlacing. Difficult style, therefore performed only by experienced writers.
Character style- drawings on the walls in the style of comics. Subject to not everyone, because it requires certain drawing skills.
Such a type of 3D graffiti has become popular now - large drawings on the floor that look voluminous from a certain point of view.
Not every graffiti can be driven into the framework of a particular style; There are many street works, which sometimes amaze with their beauty and look like real pictures, with their original semantic content.
You can learn more about graffiti on various portals dedicated to street art.
How to learn to draw graffiti
If you want to start creating your own graffiti, then you have to practice a lot. And before you come out with a paint in search of a comfortable, clean wall, your canvas will be plain paper, and you will be performing drawings with pencils.
Sketches on paper
Any drawing begins with a sketch. First of all, you should decide on the style in which you want to execute your future drawing. Then select the word. Write it on a piece of paper, placing the letters at a distance from each other.
After that strokes give the letters the shape in accordance with the chosen style.
Do not forget about the light and volume: somewhere the letters will be thinner to create a shadow effect, but somewhere more convex.
Now you can slowly add the elements of interest to you, add volume and shading to the letters.
When the form is ready, fill it with color. Use several colors, paint with markers or paints - such graffiti will look brighter and more expressive.
We offer to watch simple graffiti tutorial videos for beginners:
Remember: the process of sketching in pencil on paper trains your skills in drawing graffiti in a specific style and technique, but does not practice the ability to perform drawings on street surfaces with spray paint.
We draw on the walls
After a lot of practice on paper, you should think about drawing graffiti on the walls.
If you didn’t hold a spray in your hands before, then you will need to understand what kind of tool it is, what is its working principle. Practice spraying on any particular surface, test the operation of the spray, the strength and thickness of the spray of paint.
Choose a wall simpler, flat, primed, and best of all from porous concrete. It is necessary to work on a drawing on a warm dry day.
In addition to the spray paint and your sketch, do not forget that you need the appropriate equipment: heavy clothing, a respirator, gloves. You will also need caps - special caps for spraying, change right on the spray can. They are of different types, for drawing thin and thick lines, points and outlines.
Sketch should be the color of your main background, so you can always correct the mistake. Only then add the contour and form the volume of the picture.
Beginner writers can use auxiliary stencils with whole inscriptions, letters or individual elements.
Learn to layering: this graffiti will retain the brightness of the color, but the layers must be thin, otherwise they will dry for a long time. Do not strive to fill the letters in one movement, draw a line by line.
To understand how to draw a graffiti in the style of Throw-up, you can watch the following video:
Remember that we have no officially allowed places for street art, therefore your creation will most likely be considered an act of vandalism, and you will be considered a bully-violator.
But if you are already an experienced artist and have prepared a decent sketch, you can try your luck and secure the right to design any residential building, shop, kindergarten. Sometimes art festivals are also held where experienced writers demonstrate their skills at specially designated sites.