What is radiculitis, how does it differ from osteochondrosis, and how to treat it
Causes of sciatica
It should be noted that sciatica is not an independent disease. This is a complex of symptoms that manifest themselves at the moment of squeezing or irritation of the roots of the spinal cord, which are bundles of nerve fibers that emanate from the spinal cord and diverge in the extremities.
- old spinal injury;
- diseases of the internal organs;
- affected inflammatory processes in the paravertebral tissues;
- tumors of the peripheral nervous system.
Also the cause of the manifestation of sciatica may be a herniated disc.As a result of the development of osteochondrosis, degenerative-dystrophic processes are observed in the intervertebral discs, which lead to a local protrusion of the disc, and eventually to an intervertebral hernia. It is this which irritates and squeezes the nearby nerve roots extending from the spinal cord, which turns out to be the reason why the symptoms of sciatica begin to appear, somewhat similar to the symptoms of osteochondrosis.
It should be noted that the symptoms of sciatica can cause osteophytes and narrowing of the spinal canal (stenosis). Also, the symptoms of the disease will appear when the holes (phormal channels) are narrowed, from which the spinal nerves exit.
Compression and irritation, as well as inflammation of the nerve roots can provoke chronic pain, which will manifest symptomatically in the case of osteochondrosis, in the neck and lower back, or at a considerable distance along the nerve fibers.
Not infrequently provocateurs of sciatica can act stress, weightlifting, metabolic disorders, hypothermia, infection.
The risk group includes people whose profession is associated with increased loads on the spine. Many workers suffer from osteochondrosis for years. They use painkillers, and ultimately observe the symptoms of sciatica, which are the result of their disregard for their health. As a result, they get a "destroyed" spine, suffering from sciatica.
Symptoms of radiculitis
As already mentioned, sciatica is not a separate disease. These are numerous symptoms consisting of:
- pain sensations;
- sensitivity disorders;
- muscle weakness;
- discomfort in the spine.
Diagnosis of the disease
Thus, sciatica is not an independent disease. Its presence gives certain symptoms similar to the symptoms of osteochondrosis. Therefore, for accurate diagnosis of this disease, it is necessary to conduct a number of activities:
- determination of the nature of pain symptoms, their duration, intensity;
- analysis of the presence of sensitivity disorders;
- determination of muscle strength and range of motion;
- neurological examination, consisting of reflex testing of limb activity;
- X-ray, which allows to determine the degree of occurring degenerative changes in the spine;
- MRI With it, the compression of the roots is visualized;
- EMG. Determines the degree of damage to nerve fibers.
Before proceeding with the treatment of sciatica, it is necessary to analyze all the symptoms and really determine the presence of the disease, the manifestation of which is similar to the symptoms of osteochondrosis.
The treatment of radiculitis, including medication, will depend on what symptoms and to what degree are expressed. In particular, the doctor draws attention to the presence of pain, impaired motor functions and changes in sensitivity.
Conservative methods are used in the fight against the disease. This also includes medical treatment of radiculitis. Its purpose is to reduce inflammation, reduce swelling, reduce the intensity of pain.
- blood circulation in the tissues adjacent to the root is improved;
- feeling of pain is reduced;
- improves the conductivity of nerve fibers.
In the absence of contraindications, massage and manual therapy may be prescribed, which are aimed at removing muscle blocks and spasms. Not rarely used and such treatment as acupuncture and acupuncture (RTI). It affects the biologically active points, which contributes to the regenerative processes in the nerve fibers to improve the conductivity of impulses.
Also, treatment of sciatica and exercise therapy. Exercise in a measured amount helps to restore the biomechanical functions of the spine and the required stereotype of vertebral movements.
Quite often, the treatment of sciatica consists of the use of exercises with weights, worked out on special simulators. Perhaps practicing gymnastics Qi-Gong.
Systematic exercises are very important with a preventive purpose for the prevention of all kinds of relapses in their various forms and states of manifestation, which develop due to spinal malfunction.
A comprehensive program that consists of the treatment of radiculitis, including drug treatment, is aimed primarily at the immediate elimination of the symptoms that cause suffering in a patient. The complex program includes:
- vacuum therapy;
- laser therapy;
- postisometric relaxation;
- dry stretch.
When using electrostimulation the course of treatment is from 10 to 15 sessions. Pain syndrome has been eliminated for 1 or 3 sessions. Treatment involves the complete elimination of physical exertion, in order to relieve irritation from the roots of the spinal nerve. In the same period, it is necessary to wear the lumbosacral belt, which not only unloads the spinal column of the same name, but also fixes it.
If the radiculitis, especially the lumbar, proceeds with acute symptoms, then pain killers may be prescribed: tablets or injections, as well as anti-inflammatory drugs.It should be noted that in case of manifestation of severe pain, special blockades are possible for the relief of pain. Injections are used for this purpose. As a rule, radiculitis is treated in different ways and methods, and, in fact, injections are practiced to relieve pain, with the disappearance of which the doctor may recommend physiotherapy.
Treatment of folk remedies
You can try to cure radiculitis and folk remedies. However, you should not pin hopes solely on them. Such methods work well in parallel with traditional treatment.
Peel and grate the vegetable grated. Place the resulting mass on a linen or cotton cloth, laying out a thin layer and covering with another piece of cloth on top. The bandage is applied to the sore spot, on top of the parchment or tracing paper and the whole construction is tied with a warm scarf.
Compress should be kept as long as possible. With the warming up of the waist, the pain will gradually subside. In most cases, it passes after 2 - 3 procedures.
Cure sciatica folk remedies will help aloe. You will need 300 grams. leaves of this plant, which turned 3-5 years old. Before you take away the leaves, you can not water it for five days. The selected material is passed through a meat grinder, and another 500 grams is added to the resulting mass. May honey and 520 ml of red fortified wine. Then everything is thoroughly mixed and infused for five days in a dark cool place.
Treatment occurs in compliance with the following dosages: the first five days - 1 tsp. three times a day one hour before meals, all subsequent days - 1 tbsp. l also an hour before meals three times a day.
The duration of treatment ranges from two to three weeks to one and a half months.
In this case, the treatment of the disease will occur according to this recipe: fresh birch leaves are doused with boiling water and placed in a thick layer on the inflamed area, then covered with foil or thick paper. The patient must be thoroughly wrapped.
Treat radiculitis folk remedies can, using red pepper. Two pods are cut and poured 300 ml of ammonia. The mixture is infused for two weeks in a well-protected from light place. Every day, the infusion is necessary to shake.After the specified time, sore spots are rubbed with it, only with the movements directed upwards.
Disease prevention consists of:
- weight lifting restrictions;
- long stay of the spine in an inclined position;
- avoid hypothermia;
- fight overweight.