What is right?
The history of jurisprudence has more than two thousand years, and for all this time there was not created a single generally recognized definition of law. So what's the right?
The right throughout its existenceregulates the relationship between people in society. In fact, this is a set of rules and norms, compliance with which is mandatory for all members of society. Every scientist is free to interpret this concept depending on his understanding of the concept of law, and these differences in schools allow the most complete description of such a complex construction.
For ordinary citizens, the legaltheory. Much more often we are concerned about practical aspects, for example, what is human rights? After all, in a rule-of-law state, these rights are considered inalienable for everyone and form the basis of its status. Stipulated by the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, they form the basis of the constitutional rights of all countries in the world. This declaration establishes the right to life, freedom, personal inviolability, equal protection of the law and protection from discrimination, free movement, citizenship and protection, marriage and family formation freedom of conscience and religion, freedom of belief, freedom to receive and disseminate information, work, freedom of choice of work, education.
What is civil law?
The further development of society served as an impetus toThe creation of a new branch of law, called the civil law. These are the legal norms regulating property and non-property relations in a society for creation of the most favorable conditions in satisfaction of private needs without state intervention. In our lives this concept came from ancient Roman law, when civil law regulated relations between citizens of Rome.
What is Roman law?
Roman law arose in the Roman Empire anddeveloped until the fall of Byzantium. This system became a model for many other states, and became the ancestor of the Romano-German legal family used in our country. The main principle of Roman law asserts that the state is a voluntary agreement of citizens that all legal issues will be solved according to predetermined rules. The main principle of the realization of Roman law was justice, derived from the equality of all citizens.
We touched on the topic of the Romano-German legal family, and from this it is clear that this family is not the only one. All states in the world have their own laws, and in many countries these laws are different.
What is international law?
This term denotes a number of legal relationshipsbetween foreign elements and the totality of acts that regulate these relations. International law has three directions: public international law, private international law and supranational law. Public law regulates relations between states and their structures, and private law is a set of norms of state legislation and international treaties that regulate relations between citizens of different countries. In the matter of supranational law, states knowingly transfer part of their legislative powers to independent non-state bodies.
What is the rule of law
Each state adopts its own laws. So that they do not contradict each other and the world order, there are legal norms. The term "rule of law" means a mandatory rule for all, the execution of which is guaranteed by the state. And from this rule the laws, rights and duties of people follow.
For example, ownership. What is ownership? This is also a system of norms that govern the relationship of possession, use and disposal of a person's property. Being a branch of civil law, these norms do not contradict the previously defined provisions.
People also often need an answer to the question - whatis social right? Social rights exist within each state and represent a set of constitutional rights that guarantee a person receiving material goods from the state. The right to education or the right to housing, for example.
No less urgent for our citizens is thequestion - what is criminal law? This branch of law regulates relations in society, which are associated with the commission of acts that are criminal in nature, as well as obtaining penalties for these acts. Criminal law contains norms that establish the grounds for attracting or releasing from criminal liability.