What is the Apostolic Creed
The Apostolic Creed is the oldest collection of dogmas of the Christian church. According to legend, it was compiled by the apostles themselves. When they got ready to go on a sermon, they decided to eliminate possible differences and agree on the unity of their teachings. One of the versions of this story resembles a scene from John 20:29. She tells how each of the twelve, inflamed by the Holy Spirit, made a personal contribution to the confession of faith:
Peter said: "I believe in God the Father Almighty ... the Creator of heaven and earth ..." Andrew said: "in Jesus Christ, His Son ... our Lord" ... Jacob said: "Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit ... born of the Virgin Mary" ... John said: "suffered under Pontius Pilate ... was crucified, died and buried" ... Thomas said: "went to hell ... on the third day he rose from the dead" ... Jacob said: "ascended to heaven ... sitting at the right hand of God the Father Almighty" ... Philip said: “From there comes the judge of the living and the dead” ... Bartholomew said: “I believe in the Holy Spirit” ... Matthew said: “The holy Ecumenical Center the church ... communion of saints "... Simon said:" forgiveness of sins "... Thaddeus said:" resurrection of the body "...Matthias said: "Eternal life."
This tradition was very popular in medieval Europe, but it has no real evidence.
I believe in God the Father AlmightyGod, the Creator of heaven and earth.
And in Jesus Christ, His Only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and buried, descended into hell, rose from the dead on the third day, went to heaven and sat at the right hand of God the Father Almighty, from there will come to judge the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Universal Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, eternal life. Amen.
Church history does not provide us with evidence that the apostles constituted a single Symbol of Faith. Most likely, each of the apostles handed over to his disciples the tenets of Christianity in an arbitrary form, compiled in relation to the needs of their place of preaching. The Apostle Paul writes: “For I originally taught you that I myself accepted, that is, that Christ died for our sins, according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that he rose on the third day, according to the Scriptures, and that Kifa appearedthen twelve; then he appeared more than five hundred of the brethren at one time, of which most are still alive, and some have rested; then he appeared to Jacob, also to all the apostles ”(1 Cor. 15: 3-7). Thus, it is fair to assume that several apostolic creeds existed in apostolic times.
That Symbol of Faith, which we today know as apostolic, was not directly written by the first disciples of Christ. However, it is certainly one of the oldest symbols. Most likely it was compiled in the II century and its basis was the catechism used in the baptism of adults. From the first centuries of Christianity, it was used by the Roman Church in the Mystery of Baptism, and therefore goes back to the Old Roman Creed. This form was recorded for the first time in the VI century in the recording of Cesaria Arlesky. This creed was most likely formulated in opposition to docetism and other similar ideas. What makes him apostles? The fact that it contains elements that go back to the apostolic preaching.
Place in liturgical practice
The text of the Apostolic Symbol has always been widely distributed in the Western Church and is now used in the Roman Catholic worship,Anglican and some other Protestant as well as Orthodox churches of the Western Rite. He is also part of the rosary prayer.