What should a child know in 6 years? The speech of the child is 6 years. Teaching children 6 years
Time flies fast enough, and here's yourto the kid it was executed 6 years. He is entering a new stage of his life, namely, going to the first class. What should a child know at 6 years old before going to school? What knowledge and skills will help a future first-grader better orientate in school life?
Knowledge required for going to school
Specialists all over the world claim that every child before going to school, should learn his name, patronymic and surname. He also needs to know the names of his parents and what positions they occupy.
To perfect this knowledge, the child needsperform various tasks for children of 6 years. For example, show the child various pictures, and he should name what he saw on them, describe how it looked.
It will be very good if the baby can name anddistinguish pets from wild animals. At the same time, the future student should clearly formulate his idea. Otherwise, he will be assigned additional lessons.
Best before going to school yourself work out with your child. Working with his parents, the baby will quickly learn the material.
A very important aspect is physicalactivity. The more a child moves, the better his metabolism. If the metabolic processes are at a normal level, the coefficient of mental development will increase.
At the age of six a future schoolchild is betterjust give in the sports section, where he will learn discipline, will strengthen his health and increase his intellect. Thanks to this, the kid learns everything a child needs to know in 6 years.
If there is no possibility to send the child tosection, it is necessary to create home conditions for sports. You can install a Swedish wall or hang a rope. Perhaps, at first the children will not pay attention to these adaptations, but eventually they will become interested. Playfully, the kids will improve their physical training.
Mathematics and the child
Junior students should not only be engaged inhis physical condition. Parents are obliged to take care of the baby to learn the basics of mathematics. The child should be able to count to 10. Also the future student should compare the number of standing numbers. Mathematics for children of 6 years should include quantitative numerals in the study.
It is quite important to study simple geometric figures. For example, a triangle, a square and a circle. This knowledge will help the child to join the school life.
It is best if parents teach their child such concepts as more and less. As examples, you can bring candy or fruit, which the kid likes so much.
If the child does not master the initial knowledge of mathematics, it will be hard for him among his peers who already know how to write numbers.
The development of speech
A big role is played by the child's speech for 6 years. Some children at the age of 6 years can not pronounce part of the beech. At the same time it is difficult for them to compose a story from 5 sentences. Having taught the child to express his thoughts coherently, one can proceed to the next task.
Parents call the future student a word, and he says the opposite. For example, the fire is hot and the ice cold. To make the child understand what parents want from him, it is necessary to give him an example.
It is also necessary that the baby can repeat simple tongue twisters, which he pronounces an adult.
To finally understand the development of speech, you need to teach the child to call the words in the plural, after he is pronounced a word in the singular. For example, the handle is a pen.
If the child is good at speaking and expressing his thoughts, it will be easier for him to perceive the information that the teacher gives out in class.
Mathematics and speech development are not the basic skills that a future student should have. The question arises that a child must know at 6 years old to be completely ready for school.
Very important should be knowledge of the environmentworld. Such information can be obtained while walking in the fresh air. Wandering around the park, you need to tell the kid about the trees, birds and things like that.
The kid should know at least 7 different plants. Calling these plants, the child must describe the shape and color of the leaves. Having dealt with plants, you can go to animals.
A six-year-old child is required to know a few birds that do not fly away to winter to the south. At the same time he should name the reason why the birds remain in their native lands.
It will be useful to tell the kid about wild animals, about what differences they have from pets.
How to help your child prepare for school?
There is nothing to worry about if your baby is notknows how. Each parent should help the child overcome the difficulties that arise in the preparation for school. That's why experts advise many parents to study independently with the future student.
Teaching a child the alphabet is not the easiest taskof those that parents will face. To learn the alphabet you will need an alphabet for children of 6 years. Success will be noticed after one week. Although there are children who learn the alphabet very quickly.
To ensure success in school was guaranteed, parents need to make a simple program. The program must necessarily include such subjects as arithmetic, reading, calligraphy.
Before teaching a child to write cleanly,you need to visit the store and purchase a prescription for children 6 years old. First, the baby hooks and letters will jump, since it is still hard for him to hold a pen in his hands. Over time, the handwriting becomes more beautiful, and the written text is more legible.
To learn a child fasterdifferent things, you can conduct tests. For example, a classification test. Its essence lies in the fact that the child must find among the called words superfluous, and also explain why it does not approach other words.
Another interesting test is proof-readingtry. In the text, not shorter than 400 characters, the toddler must find how many times one or another letter occurs. A good result is only 5 mistakes made.
The choice of developing games for a six-year-old child
It is necessary to remember that the child's brain workson the principle of a sponge. He can immediately remember both positive and negative information. Before allowing the baby to start the game, it must be studied carefully. It is necessary to check that in the application there is no cruelty and information affecting the psyche. Logical games for children of 6 years must be intuitive and interesting.
Programs for learning the account will help the childprepare for school, namely, develop mathematical abilities. You can win a game in a mathematical game only if you solve the simple problem correctly.
The app with guessing or composing words will help to fill up the vocabulary. It is best to start this game after the alphabet for children of 6 years is fully mastered.
Drawing applications will help the future schoolchild to train the memory, as well as improve the perception.
The creation of children's games has a large numberspecialists who should know the psychology of six-year-old children. Before you put the application on the network, experts carefully test it for errors.
During the games, children get skills without noticing that they are learning, not just playing.
Do not forget that the time spent at the computer should be limited, because you can ruin the child's vision.
It is important that the kid plays along with his peers and honed the acquired skills in the real world.
Development of visual memory
To determine how good a child isvisual memory, it is necessary to conduct a special test. These tasks for children of 6 years will be quite simple. The child needs to show 10 different pictures. Each picture can be viewed for 6 seconds. After viewing all the pictures, the future student should name the items that he saw on them.
If the kid named more than 8 pictures, this is a good result. The average result is 5-7 guessed pictures. Less than 5 pictures will be considered an unsatisfactory result.
In a few days, the visual memory will improve, and it will be easier for the child to remember the pictures.
Development of auditory memory
It is important enough that the child has not only developed visual memory, but also auditory memory. Teaching children 6 years will be faster if you repeat the exercise several times a day.
You must select 10 simple words that will benot too long and easy to remember. The row can include the following words: spruce, cat, summer, brother, glasses, chair, horse, house, lion, table. Words can be chosen and others, but that they are simple, understandable for the baby.
Slowly reading these words, you need to ask the child to say everything that he remembered. It is best to repeat the task at least 5 times, so that they are well deposited in the memory of the baby.
Normally it is considered, if the future schoolboy remembered 4 words from the first time. All the words he should reproduce after 4 repetitions.
So, what should a child know at 6 years old? First of all, the kid should learn to hold the pen and clearly express his thoughts. If the child does not know how to do this, do not worry, because you can make an effort to achieve this.
First of all we make simple programs,on which the training of the baby will be carried out. Remember, do not overload the future student, as he is only preparing for serious studies. In the intervals between studies, you should allow him to play or do his own business, as well as running on the street.
To facilitate the learning process, classes are best conducted in a game form. After reading the article, parents will know how to prepare their preschool child for a hike in the first class.
After a few months of training the baby will be fully ready to go to school. He can easily sit in class and listen more attentively to everything the teacher says.