Black language. What, why and how?
Today's notions of pathogenesis (mechanismformation) of the black tongue are reduced to the fact that the growth of the papillae of the tongue shell occurs under the influence of chronic stimuli and reflex changes in the digestive tract.
Staining of affected areas of the tongue mucosa is the result of the life activity of saprophytic microorganisms.
In which cases does the tongue turn black, you can understandnot always. There may be many reasons for this symptom, but not all causes should cause parental anxiety. The first thing that can be excluded is a drink with coloring elements, as well as food. The child could have eaten anything, while you were busy. However, practice has shown that fruit and berries compotes are more often the cause. It's not necessarily currants, blueberries, blackberries. Even red fruits are able to give black deposits on the tongue. In this case, systematic cleaning of the language is sufficient to return the language to the former color.
What are the symptoms?
If the child's black tongue is observeddarkening of the back of the tongue, near the root. While the edges, as well as the lower surface of the tongue, are traditionally unchanged, they are clearly scarlet. Due to the overgrowth of the papilla mucosa, the surface of the tongue usually seems fluffy.
The color shades of the affected area of the oral mucosa can range from clear-gray to black.
Black tongue in children progresses a little,unnoticed for the patient, because of which many patients say that "the blackening of the tongue took place instantly." The phenomenon of black language is monitored more often in children, however, adults can also get sick. Traditionally, the black pigmentation of the tongue persists, from two to three weeks. If there is a black tongue in a child under 6 years old, then the disease is characterized by relapses.
Treatment of the above described disease is reduced toelimination of the alleged cause of the disease: treatment of the digestive tract (gastritis, enteritis, colitis), intestinal dysbacteriosis, prophylaxis of oral milkworm, prevention of dysbacteriosis by antibiotic treatment.
In other cases, the desired result in the treatment of the black tongue is tracked when prescribing vitamin preparations.
Local treatment is to use"Keratolytic" (a group of substances that causes peeling of the cornified layer of the mucous membrane and skin: salicylic alcohol). Children should be treated under the supervision of an expert.
Now let's talk about the main "enemy", which can cause a black tongue, namely about gastritis.
Gastritis is a fairly common ailment,which is characterized by inflammation of the gastric mucosa. The cause of gastritis is Helicobacter pylori, intestinal bacterium, however, to promote the formation of gastritis can malnutrition, continuous stress, smoking, alcoholism. Signs are pain in the stomach, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation. The diagnosis is based on endoscopic examination of the stomach. Treatment takes place through the appointment of medicinal nutrition - diet, as well as medication - the use of antibiotics or drugs that increase or reduce the acidity of the stomach, and drugs that protect the stomach from hydrochloric acid.
Treatment includes such components as: diet, treatment with special drugs, prevention measures. Drug treatment usually leads to a decrease in hyperacidity, elimination of helicobacteriosis and stimulation of the recovery process in the mucosa. The diet is prescribed together with medications. Folk methods of treatment of gastritis can be used as an alternative or to fix the results of the main treatment.
Remember, at the first signs of unnatural color of the tongue, you need to consult a doctor for advice.